How your EU citizenship is involuntarily lost?

Today we will look at loss of citizenship in EU member states through involuntary (without conscious control or will). Sometimes you wont even know you lost your citizenship.

Involuntary loss is the worst way to lose your citizenship without even knowing it, especially you are spending your life abroad..

Involuntary loss may occur due to either automatic lapse of citizenship from the citizen for failure to take some action to retain citizenship, or active withdrawal of citizenship by the country.

Summary

  • Citizenship can be revoked on grounds of treason or disloyalty. (in 15 EU countries)
  • Deprival of citizenship happens, if they take service in a foreign army (in 12 EU countries)
  • Prolonged residence abroad is grounds for the involuntary loss of citizenship in 10 EU countries.
  • Dual citizenship restrictions (acquisition of another citizenship) may cause loss of citizenship in 9 EU member states

Prolonged residence abroad

Prolonged residence abroad is also very important for many citizens, who tend to forget or not really aware they are losing citizenship. This applies to two types of citizens.

  • Naturalized citizens only – Cyprus, Ireland and Malta,
  • Citizens born abroad only – Belgium, Denmark, Spain and Sweden
Involuntary loss of citizenship in EU
Source: European Commission / GlobalCIT

The involuntary loss of citizenship is caused by 4 modes in EU member states

Austria

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Belgium

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Bulgaria

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Croatia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – NO

Cyprus

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Czechia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Denmark

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) –
  • Service in a foreign army –
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Estonia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Finland

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

France

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Germany

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Greece

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Hungary

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Ireland

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Italy

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Latvia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Lithuania

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Luxembourg

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Malta

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Netherlands

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Poland

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – NO


Portugal

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Romania

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Slovakia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Slovenia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Spain

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Sweden

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – NO

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