First Edition of CBI Citizen Magazine

We are excited to publish our first edition of CBI Citizen Magazine Vol 1 for 2020. We have featured several distinguished guests in the industry.

CBI Citizen Magazine

This is a free digital copy of the magazine for free download.

We have covered several topics in this edition.

  • Introduction
  • Second Passport – A New Asset Class
  • Dual Citizenship – The Foundation for Citizenship by Investment
  • Golden Passports – A New Trend in 2020
  • I am a World Citizen
  • E-2 Visas – Lawful route to US residency
  • Schengen – A Landmark achievement towards free movement
  • Evolution of Citizenship 
  • Genesis of Passports
  • No Passport for Her Majesty
  • Due Diligence – Time for Agents to Step up
  • Importance of Schengen Visas in Vetting
  • Privacy in Camouflage passports
  • Invest in Dutch Innovation
  • Canada Residency for Entrepreneurs
  • Exciting Times Ahead for Saint Lucia
  • Greece Golden Visa
  • Germany as a Business Destination
  • Cryptocurrency Digest
  • Best Passport Rankings 2020
  • Malta’s Gold Standard Vetting – A Feather out of Textbook
  • History of Diplomatic Immunity
  • Prosperity in St Kitts and Nevis
  • Cyprus – A Magnet for Millionaires
  • The Rise of Digital Citizenship
  • Montenegro – A Brand New Citizenship Program

For high quality print editions, please contact us for high resolution copy.

Free Guide to Citizenship by Real Estate Investment

Citizenship by Investment programs offers an exciting opportunity to invest in Real Estate for passports. Real estate investments recently have become very popular and automatic choice among High-net-worth (HNW) individuals and wealthy families to acquire a passport.

Real Estate
Small Beach side houses in the Caribbean

We have compiled the Government approved/authorized list of property developers as FREE download.

You can directly approach any these developers to buy a real estate for citizenship, without going through any agents or brokers. This way you fully avoid inflated prices given by brokers and you also deny them exhorbitant commissions.

We give you all these materials for FREE. We do not make any money or commissions selling real estate. You can go ahead and contact any of the property developers in the list.

Why invest in Real estate for citizenship?

  • Permanent home for you with a local address.
  • Profitable investment for the future, means you dont lose money.
  • Passport in just about few months.
  • Buy equities/shares in hotels, resorts and residential (or commercial)
  • Next buyer would also get citizenship (you retain your passport after sale)
  • Rental yields are attractive with beachfront properties.
  • Property management done by developer making it easy for you.
  • Investing in real estate proves a genuine link to the country to become a citizen.

How much is the minimum real estate investment?

These are the minimum real estate investments required to acquire citizenship in exchange for real estate investments.

As of 2020, only 8 countries offer direct citizenship for property investments

Real EstateMinimumHolding Period
Antigua$200,0005 years
Dominica$200,0003 years
Grenada$200,0003 years
Saint Lucia$300,0005 years
St Kitts and Nevis$200,0007 years
Montenegro$250,0005 years
Cyprus€2,000,0005 years
Turkey$250,0003 years

It is important to note the holding period of property. After this period you may resell the property and the next buyer may qualify for citizenship, your citizenship is retained for life.

Pricing comparison

You can see the comparison of prices for real estate investment to get a CBI passport.

Real EstateSingle2 PersonsFamily (3)Family (4)Family (5)
Antigua$237,800$245,600$245,900$246,800$247,000
Dominica$234,950$250,400$251,850$253,300$255,000
Grenada$278,500$286,500$288,000$290,000$292,000
St Kitts$242,800$267,100$277,400$287,800$289,000
St Lucia$349,500$365,500$366,500$366,500$366,500
Montenegro$406,000$417,000$428,900$430,000$432,000
Turkey$270,000$275,000$277,500$279,000$280,000

Note: Share registration fee, Legal costs, Passport fee not included.

Please note caribbean countries make money by charging you government fee ($30,000 onwards). This will add to your price tag.

Real EstateGovernment Fee
Antigua$30,000 (upto family of 4) from April 2020 onwards
DominicaUSD 25,000 for a single applicant;
USD 35,000 for a main applicant + spouse;
USD 35,000 for a family of up to four persons
USD 50,000 for a family of up to six persons
USD 70,000 for a family of seven persons or more
Grenada$50,000 (upto family of 4)
$25,000 additional per dependent
Saint LuciaSingle Applicant – US$30,000
Applicant + Spouse – $45,000
Additional dependent – $5000 (under 18 years of age)
US$5,000, and US$10,000 (above 18 years)

Example: Family of 4 – $55,000
St Kitts and NevisMain applicant: US$35,050
Spouse : US$20,050
Dependent regardless of age: US$10,050
Montenegro$100,000 per family application
Cyprusnone
Turkeynone

As you can see from the above table, it is much much cheaper with Antigua the government fee and St Kitts is really expensive.

Think of it this way, you pay $200,000 in a equity share for a five star hotel in total you pay $280,00 for passports inclusive of all charges for a family of 4. After 5 years, you sell the share with a small profit $210,000. This will only cost you $70,000 for citizenship of whole family. Real estate looks cheaper than the donation option, but ONLY if you make profit and markets dont crash.

Montenegro charges $100,000 per application fee.

Turkey and Cyprus do not levy additional government charges, besides property costs. This means you get FREE citizenship through real estate investment.

Be aware Cyprus in 2019 made some changes, will ask you to donate EUR 150,000 to research and housing in addition to real estate.

You can freely invest in residential or commercial properties (hotels, resorts etc) that is offered as a limited share, fully deeded title, real estate investment funds etc.

Note: The Agent fee and other property charges not included in the list.

Top 10 Mistakes made by Real estate investors

To prevent clients falling into real estate scams, we want you follow these cardinal rules before investing in real estate for passport.

Keep in mind! You are investing huge sums money and you have to precautions and make sure you only invest with trusted developers. Do your research!

These are the top 10 mistakes made by clients investing in properties.

  1. Buy real estate only from the licensed and authorized developers in the list. You will not get citizenship if you invest in projects that are not in the list.
  2. Do not pay full money for sale deed, before you get approval from Citizenship Unit. First execute a contract of sale with the developer and file citizenship application with the Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU). Wait for 2-3 months to get approval letter before you commit to invest fully. This way of your investment is safe if the Government rejects your application for citizenship.
  3. Ask the developer clearly how long is the holding period for property.
  4. Be clear to consult the developer for VAT, stamp duty, property registration, commissions and other legal charges.
  5. Be clear with the developer on completion time, construction activity and force majeure (hurricane, diseases, natural disasters). Hurricanes in the Caribbean can be devastating
  6. Be clear to discuss rental yields, loans, profits involved with the property.
  7. Dont simply trust the photos or pictures posted online.
  8. Be on your guard, as properties sold to foreigners are sold at vastly inflated prices.
  9. Check per square meter prices inline with survey and valuation report.
  10. Dont miss out low exchange rate. Compare the prices quoted by developer in US dollars vs Eastern Caribbean Dollars (XCD). XCD is pegged to 0.37 USD.

You also should know, these countries DO NOT have real estate citizenship by investment programs.

  1. Vanuatu
  2. Malta

Dont fall for scams or fake offers.

Whats new in 2020?

Turkey remains the No.1 real estate citizenship by investment program for 2020.

To make real estate investments more attractive, recently caribbean countries (Antigua, St Lucia), have cut Government processing for for real estate to $30,000 (from $50,000).

St Kitts also reduced prices to $200,000 from $400,000 to attract passport investors.

Egypt launched a new citizenship by investment scheme offers passport to real estate buyers who invest a minimum of $500,000 in property market.

Property Prices per Square meter

These are the current average property prices per square meter by country converted to US dollars.

These countries offer citizenship/passport for real estate investments.

This will give you a fair idea which countries are cheaper for buying citizenship investing in properties.

Real EstatePer Square Meter (USD)
Antigua$3,501
St Kitts and Nevis$3,496
Saint Lucia$1,860
Grenada$2,000
Dominica$2,775
Cyprus$1,881
Malta$5,129
Bulgaria$1,864
Turkey$5,135
Egypt$831
Montenegro$1,569

Which countries offer instant citizenship for real estate investment?

We take in-depth look at 9 countries that offer fast track citizenship in exchange for property investments. We will provide you costs depending on whether you want citizenship or not, when buying real estate.

1. Turkey

Minimum: US$ 250,000
Passport: 3 months

Turkey Citizenship for Investment
Turkey Citizenship for Real Estate ($250,000)

The Turkey Citizenship Program within two years of its launch went one ot become the most popular real estate investment program for Turkish passport. This scheme is extremely attractive to arab investors. Foreign investors can get passport in Turkey within 3 months, buying $250,000 worth of real estate (residential or commercial)

What are the additional costs?

  • Land registry fee and stamp duty: 4-6%
  • Legal costs: $2000
  • Health insurance: $700
  • Due diligence fee: none
  • Passport fee: $500

VAT is exempted foreigners are exempt from VAT for their first commercial or residential property in Turkey for citizenship purpose, provided that they pay in foreign currency and do not sell their property within one year after receiving title deed.

Turkey does not maintain official list of licensed real estate developers or properties for the citizenship by investment program

CityAverage price for a 100 sqm property (€)
Muğla€74,600
Istanbul€63,205
Izmir€47,700
Aydin€41,295
Bursa€41,150
Antalya€35,019

Which are the most popular places for foreigners buying properties in Turkey?

  • İstanbul
  • Antalya
  • Ankara
  • Yalova
  • Bursa

As of 2020, Turkish real estate is most popular among foreigners from Iran, Iraq, Russia, Afghanistan, Jordan, Yemen, according Turkstat office.

Buying Tips:

If you are buying real estate for citizenship purpose, follow these important tips.

  1. The Property owner selling the property must be Turkish national. You wont qualify for citizenship buying from a foreign national.
  2. The property you buy must be in your personal name (not in the name of company or legal entity) if you want citizenship.
  3. The Property sold must have survey report of it estimated value.
  4. Sale deed must be registered on the same date of payment to avoid foreign exchange losses

2. Grenada


Minimum: US$ 200,000
Passport time: 3 months

Grenada real estate
Grenada Real Estate in the Caribbean market

Foreigners can freely invest in Grenadian real estate, depending on whether they want citizenship with real estate or not. The minimum real estate investment does not apply if you dont want citizenship.

If you dont want citizenship

Non-Grenadian Residents are obligated to secure an “Alien Land Holders License” and pay 10% on the purchase price. The application process for the license can take 3-6 months.

  • Alien Land Holding License (non-residents): 10%
  • Legal Fees: Approximately 2% of purchase price + 15% VAT on fees
  • Stamp Duty: 1% of purchase priceSurveyor’s Fee: 0.5% of property value (if applicable)
  • Other Expenses: Approximately US$ 600

According to Century21 report, for 2019 , foreigners accounted for 24% of all real estate sales and 90% of all real estate sales volumes occurred in the parishes of St. George (71%), St. David (10%), and St Andrew (10%).

To build a quality residential building, the average price costs between EC$400-$500 (US$150-185) per square foot.

If you want citizenship investing in a hotel/resort

For a Family of 4 (limited share)

Government fees for family of 4: $50,000
Due Diligence fees: $10,000
Application fees: US $6,000
Processing fees: US $4,000
Share registration fees: US $9,000
Passport fees: US $1,000
Oath of Allegiance: US $100

Total: $200,000 + $80,100

Six Senses Grenada
Six Senses resort is a 100-room resort currently being built is scheduled for opening in 2022 in La Sagesse beach. 
Kimpton Kawana Bay is a luxury beachfront resort overlooking Grand Anse Beach,  run by resort operator, Kimpton® Hotels & Restaurants.

3. Cyprus

Minimum: EUR 2,000,000
Passport: 6 months

Cyprus offers a very attractive real estate EU citizenship by investment program to foreign investors. It is also one of the most expensive schemes aimed at rich high net worth persons.

Cyprus
Cyprus Real Estate
  • Must buy permanent residence for EUR 500,000 plus VAT
  • Must donate EUR 150,000 for housing and research development to Government for Citizenship

VAT

VAT for Property – 5% VAT for the first 500,000 EUR real estate, then 19% VAT for EUR 1.5m. No VAT applies on old/used properties. 

Rather than investing the entire EUR 2m in real estate, you may want to consider investing 1.5M in investment funds mix with 500K real estate to reduce VAT and other taxes. This is because

  • VAT is exempt on bonds or investment funds.
  • Returns are exempt from income tax.
  • Sale of the Shares in the future, zero Income Tax

Another way reduce tax liability is incorporate a company and invest in real estate.

Capital gains tax

is imposed at the rate of 20% on:
• Gains from the disposal of immovable property situated in Cypruslin,
• Gains from the disposal of shares of companies not listed on a recognised stock exchange which own immovable property situated in the Republic, and
• Gains from the disposal of shares of companies which indirectly own immovable property situated in the Republic and derive at least 50% of their market value from such immovable property

Cyprus has no wealth, estate or inheritance tax.

Stamp duty – Maximum of EUR 20,000 per document.

Transfer tax – 3% to 8% on the market value of the property for used/old properties (VAT does not apply).

If you buy a used property you must pay transfer fees to the land registry to register the property on your name and the cost of the transfer fees is calculated on a percentage that increases according  to the value of property and is calculated as follows:

  • 0 to €85,000 – 1.5%,
  • 85,000€ to 170,000€ – 2.5%,
  • Over €170,000 – 4%. 

PricesPer square meter
Limassol2,829.41 €
Larnaca1,433.33 €
Nicosia1,683.33 €
Paphos1,700.00 €
Ayia Napa1,500.00 €
Famagusta876.20 €

To build any house in Cyprus from a land plot, it costs on average approximately €1,200 per square meter depending from the quality of finishes. Renovations cost atleast 600€ per sq.m.

Where are large number of foreigners buying property in Cyprus?

EU citizensNon-EU citizens

1. Paphos
2. Larnaca
3. Limassol
1. Paphos
2. Larnaca
3. Limassol
4. Famagusta

Source: Sale contracts registered by foreigners – Land registry office

4. St Kitts and Nevis

Minimum: $200,000 (hold for 7 years)
Passport: 3 months

St Kitts Citizenship by Real Estate
Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis town skyline at the port.

St Kitts has become one of the richest countries in the caribbean due to the big surge in tourism arrivals (1 million cruise arrivals), and popularity of the CBI program.

A number of five star hotels and resorts built in the island funded by CBI program.

Some of the biggest 5*star developments already built are Park Hyatt (St Kitts), Four Seasons (Nevis)

New hotels – Ramada Hotel, Koi Resort (Hilton collection), T-Loft at Wyndham will be opening soon and the Sea View Hotel in West Basseterre expected to open by the first half of 2020.

You can buy real estate in ST Kitts and Nevis with or without citizenship.

If you dont want citizenship

Foreigners can freely buy real estate but must pay an Alien Land Holding stamp duty of 10% of the government-assessed value of a property

Luxury properties outside resorts start at $1 million and go up to about $3 million, with prices per square foot ranging from $400 to $800 for high end villas.

Construction costs averages US $130-$150 per square foot for plot construction. Property insurance costs 1% to cover against fire, hurricane, earthquake. In Nevis, housing prices remain stable averaging US$3,500

These are the typical costs for the buyer:

  • Alien landholding license: 10%
  • Lawyer fee: 1-2%
  • Land assurance fund: 0.20%
  • Surveyor report: $400

Agent commissions are paid by the seller.

Rental income is tax free, unless remitted to individuals or companies outside of St. Kitts, subject to 10% withholding tax.

Property taxes

RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY: (Property Value – 80,000) x .002
COMMERCIAL PROPERTY: Property Value x .003
ACCOMMODATION PROPERTY: Property Value x .003

There is no capital gains tax on the sale of real estate. When transferring a real estate property, a stamp duty is paid (2% to 18.5%)

Government Land

Foreign persons wishing to own government land in St Kitts can do so by:

Freehold: The average price of Government land is US$1.50/sq. ft. (Commercial), and US$1.11/sq. ft. (Residential).
Lease: Land at the Industrial Site can be leased from the Development Bank of St. Kitts & Nevis at US$444.00/acre annually.
Long-term-Lease: The tenure period is 35years and rent is reviewed every five years.

Buying Real Estate with Citizenship

St Kitts requires a real estate investment to apply for passport under citizenship by investment program. You will receive Freehold and Shared ownership in a property.

  • US$200,000 (resalable after 7 years) or 
  • US$400,000 (resalable after 5 years)

Government Fee (Real estate)

  • Main applicant: US$35,050
  • Spouse of the main applicant: US$20,050
  • Any other qualified dependent regardless of age: US$10,050

For example: Real Estate + Citizenship + Passport for a family of 4 with 2 children

  • Cost of property share: $200,000
  • Government fees: $75,000 (family of 4)
  • Due Diligence fees: $19,500
  • Share registration fee: $10,000
  • Total: $304,500

5. Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia is one of the most attractive caribbean destination for tourism, honeymoon and holiday destination, more than one million tourists visit this country.

Saint Lucia provides an exciting opportunity to invest in real estate market in tourism hotels and resorts. Currently $300,000 is needed if you want to invest in a five star resort in this country, the investment comes with passport.

Saint Lucia only has two approved real estate developments for citizenship, two big resorts under constructions in St Lucia.

Alpina Hotel
The Alpina St. Lucia Hotel is a 240 room hotel in the southern part of the island approx. 2km from the Hewanorra International Airport. The proposed Alpina St. Lucia Hotel is part of the “Site A” of the PEARL OF THE CARIBBEAN Integrated Resort Development near the horse racing track club. 
Canelles Resort
Canelles Resort officially broke ground on Jan 15 in Micoud Saint Lucia is a luxury resort developed by the Galaxy Group, managed by AMResorts, a subsidiary of Apple Leisure Group.

If you dont want citizenship, just buying property

Foreigners are free to invest in real estate. All foreigners must obtain an Alien Landholding License from the government to be able to buy landed property.

These are some realistic prices prevailing in St Lucia.

  • Rodney bay (3 bedroom villa) – $350,000 or $450,000 (4 bedroom with mooring)
  • Luxury villas $650,000 to $1.5 million
Alien Landholding License

Up to 1 acre: $5,000
1 acre to up to 10 acres: $10,000
10 acres to up to 20 acres: $20,000
20 acres to up to 50 acres: $30,000
50 acres to up to 100 acres: $40,000
Over 100 acres: $50,000
0.50% – 1%buyer
Stamp Duty2%buyer
Legal Fee0.5% – 2.50%buyer
Vendor’s Tax2.50% – 10.00%seller
Real estate agent’s commission6%seller

Source: Global property guide

These are the best locations to buy a property in Saint Lucia

  • Castries
  • Marigot Bay
  • Rodney Bay
  • Soufriere
  • Vieux Fort
  • Cap Estate

6. Antigua and Barbuda

Minimum Investment: $200,000
Passport: 3 months

Antigua Citizenship
St. John’s, Antigua and Barbuda town skyline on Redcliffe Quay at dusk.

Antigua and Barbuda offers a very good real estate investment program for citizenship.

When this scheme started in 2014, the CBI program required $400,000 investment, but now this ceiling has been reduced and from now on, property buyers can jointly invest $200,000 each to become citizens. Effective, April 2020, the Government fee has been reduced to $30,000 (reduced from $50,000) to attract more investment into the citizenship property market.

Antigua’s economy has focused on tourism as its primary income, with almost 80% of the workforce directly or indirectly involved with the travel and hospitality industry.

Approved Areas

The Citizenship by Investment Regulations 2013 have approved only certain designated areas for the purpose of real estate investment.

Antigua

  • Fort James to Blue Waters
  • Pillar Rock to Five Islands
  • Pearns Point to Johnson’s Point
  • Falmouth Harbour to Galleon Bay
  • Willoughby Bay to Half Moon Bay
  • Nonsuch bay area
  • Guiana Island and its environs to Crabbs Peninsula to Indian Point
  • Blackman’s Estate (Blackman’s Point)
  • Marble Hill

Barbuda

  • Low Bay to Palmetto Point and Coco Point
  • Coco Point

Like approved areas, you can download the list of approved projects below.

If you dont want citizenship

Foreigners can freely invest in real estate of Antigua and Barbuda. There are no minimums, if you dont want citizenship. You might also get permanent residency buying a real estate.

These are the additional costs you have to bear with property registration, as a buyer

  1. Alien land holding license – 5%
  2. Stamp duty – 2.5%
  3. Legal fee – 2%
  4. Insurance coverage – 2%

Withholding tax

If you are renting the property, there is a withholding tax – 25% of rental income for non-residents.

The typical prices for 2-bedroom houses still average around US$350,000. 3 bedroom and up US$600,000. It would cost atleast $10 million to $25 million to buy a lot and build a luxury beachfront home in nearby Pearns Point.

These are the best prime locations to buy a property in Antigua

  • St Johns (capital)
  • English Harbour
  • Jolly Harbour
  • Half Moon Bay

Foreign expats live around these areas:

  • Falmouth and English Harbor
  • Jolly Harbor and Fryes Beach
  • Half Moon Bay and Browns Bay
  • Cedar Valley, Hodges Bay and Galley Bay, and surrounding areas

7. Montenegro

Minimum Investment: EUR 250,000
Passport: 2 months

Montenegro Citizenship
Panoramic view of Kotor bay (Boka Kotorska) and Kotor city, Montenegro

Montenegro’s special citizenship by investment program launched in 2018 is a 100% real estate program. It is a limited citizenship program only 2000 foreign investors will be given citizenship. Considering Montenegro is candidate country for EU membership and future schengen area member, very cheap property prices, makes the country all the way interesting to invest. Montenegro is by far a beautiful country and 2 million tourists visted last year.

Remember investing in residential properties will NOT make you eligible for citizenship through investment program. The most important requirement is your investment must create jobs. This is why you have to invest in hotels or resorts, most importantly ONLY approved ones.

To apply for citizenship All that is required is

  1. EUR 250,000 (remote areas)
  2. EUR 350,000 (capital podgorica, oceanfront or beachside properties)
  3. EUR 5-10 million (five star hotel projects)
  4. EUR 2 million (agriculture)
  5. EUR 3 million (manufacturing or wood processing)

If you can invest EUR 5 million or more to develop a hotel creating 50 or more jobs, you can fund the hotel project using citizenship program, selling equity shares or individual hotel rooms (with titles) for citizenship.

So far, Montenegro Ministry of Development has approved 4 hotel projects for investments in citizenship.

  • Hotel Breza, Kolasin – EUR 250,000
  • Durimitor Hotel, Zabljak – EUR 350,000
  • Kraljičina plaža, Budva – EUR 350,000
  • Kolašin Resort and Spa Hotel – EUR 250,000

Montenegro has no restrictions on foreigners investing in real estate market. They can freely invest in any residential and commercial properties. Only companies can buy land. Some restrictions apply on protected properties by government on adriatic sea coast and state owned.

  • VAT: 21% (new properties only)
  • Property transfer tax – 3% (old/resale properties, vat exempt)
  • Lawyer + Notary fee – EUR 1,000

Kotor bay, Budva and coastline areas between Herceg Novi and Petrovac are the most popular locations to buy properties, because it is easier to rent, comes with high yields.

RegionAverage Per Square Metre price
Montenegro (average)€1,135
Podgorica (average)€1,086
Coastal region
Bar, Budva, Herceg Novi, Kotor, Tivat and Ulcinj.
€1,451
Central region
Cetinje, Danilovgrad, Nikšić and Tuzi.
€694
Northern region
Andrijevica, Berane, Bijelo Polje, Gusinje, Kolašin, Mojkovac, Petnjica, Plav, Pljevlja, Plužine, Rožaje, Šavnik and Žabljak.
€764

Source: Montenegro Statistics Office – Prices of residential properties in Q4 2019

Do you know?
Kolašin 1450 is one of the biggest ski-resort in Montenegro with excellent transport connections.

8. Dominica

Minimum Investment: USD 200,000
Passport: 3 months

Roseau, the vibrant capital of Commonwealth of Dominica

Dominica launched its citizenship by investment program way back in 1993, after signing visa waiver with EU schengen in 2014, the citizenship program went to to become on of the most popular passport schemes in the caribbean.

Currently an investment of $200,000 in real estate market (residential, commercial including hotels) will qualify for passport.

You can buy $220,000 as shares or fully deeded property available from $320,000

Anichi is a luxury resort located on Picard Beach with 128 suites. Freehold or share ownership options available for property investors in Dominica.

Passport Cost for Family of 4:

  • Cost of share: $220,000
  • Government fees: $35,000
  • Due Diligence fees: $11,500
  • Share registration fees: $9000
  • Government processing fees: $1,000
  • Certificate of Naturalisation, including stamp fees: $1,000
  • Passport fee: $1000
Cabrits Resort
Cabrits Resort Kempinski a five star luxury resort recently opened doors in Dominica funded by CBI program.

If you dont want citizenship

Foreigners can freely invest in real estate market of Dominica, often loved for its natural beauty. There are no minimums and the following are the taxes for property.

The limits imposed for foreigners are they cannot buy more than one acre of residential property and no more than three acres on commercial property.

In general 3-bedroom houses can be bought for an average price of US$500,000

Alien Land holding License (waived for OECS citizens)10%buyer
Legal Fees3% (+15% VAT)buyer
Judicial Fees2.50%buyer
Assurance Fund Fee1%buyer
Insurance1%
Stamp Duty4%
2.5%
buyer
seller
Real Estate Agent´s Fee5%seller

These are the best areas and locations to invest in real estate

  • Capital Roseau (Castle Comfort and Wall House areas)
  • Portsmouth, Salisbury and around the capital Roseau.
  • Calibishie and Marigot towns
  • Residential areas – Canefield, Morne Daniel, Castle Comfort, and Belfast in the north of Roseau

Withholding tax

If you purchase a property and you reside in Dominica for less than 6 months of the year you will be liable to pay withholding tax of 15% if you rent out the property and the money is paid to you outside of Dominica.

Transfer fees payable by the purchaser are made up as follows:

  • 4% stamp duty
  • 2.5% judicial fees
  • 1% assurance fund
  • 3% legal fees
  • The vendor has to pay 2.5% stamp duty

Note: Dominica should not be confused with The Dominican Republic

9. Egypt

Minimum: $500,000
Passport time: 3 months

Egypt is a $1.3 trillion economy connecting Key global markets in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Americas.

Egypt launched a brand new citizenship by investment program in 2019 and subsequent changes to citizenship legislation, reduced the required property investment to $250,000 (donation to state coffers) or $500,000 in property market

Foreigners can freely invest in real estate market of Egypt, only in residential properties and not more than 4000 square metre limitation.

How much it costs?

  • Real Estate investment: $500,000
  • Citizenship application fee: $10,000

Property taxes

Registering a property is quite cheap and inexpensive in Egypt.

  • Registration fee – $350 (buyer)
  • Legal fee – 4% (buyer)
  • Property transfer tax – 2.5% (seller)
  • Capital gains tax – 2.5%

The per square meter property price is $842 in Cairo.

El Gouna is a private coastal town often compared to Venice attracts very wealthy and affluent people and prices here for luxury villas easily in millions. Other resort towns such as Somabay and Sharm El Sheikh are quite popular.

El Katameya and Sheikh Zayed City are also best locations to invest in Egypt.

El Ghouna
El Ghouna is very famous for luxury property market in Egypt
 Per square meter property pricesApartments (USD)Villas (USD)
New Cairo – Fifth Settlement (affluent area)5331,013
6th of October297710
El Sheikh Zayed City515923
Heliopolis – Masr El Gedida396917
Nasr City340527
El Maadi352768
El Oubour256553
El Hadabah El Wosta291
El Zamalek1,234
El Mohandeseen535521
Dokki605780
El Haram157387
El Jizah District192367
Mokattam317879
Helwan183533
Ain Shams154632
Badr City195323
10th of Ramadan157556
Garden City940
Downtown244
El Koba Gardens291
Hadayek El Ahram204288
Shoubra326
El Agouza477
Manial617
El Abbasiya323
15th of May210742
New Heliopolis297975
New Administrative Capital5471,051

Source: Global Property Guide / 2019

Tourist Arrivals

Tourism has a direct impact in the real estate market and pricing in Caribbean and other countries that offer passport programs.

Before you invest in real estate, you must consider the tourism data.

CountryTourist Arrivals (2018)
Cyprus3,939,000
Malta2,599,000
St. Kitts and Nevis125,000
Antigua and Barbuda269,000
St. Lucia395,000
Turkey45,768,000
Grenada185,000
Vanuatu116,000
Dominica63,000
Montenegro2,077,000

Source: World Bank Data 2018

Cruise Visitors2019
Antigua733,526
Dominica229,747
Grenada337,940
St Kitts Nevis603,154
Saint Lucia786,742
Vanuatu152,678
Malta765,596
Cyprus112,268
Montenegro649,038

Source: Data from tourismanalytics.com, government and other news sources

Expert Guide to Vanuatu Citizenship by Investment

Vanuatu Passport
Vanuatu Citizenship and Passport by Investment

The Pacific country of Vanuatu operates a very good citizenship by investment program since 2015. This attractive citizenship program is not very well advertised or promoted, only a few know about its benefits. As of 2020, this scheme remains one of the simplest CBI programs in the world.

Our FREE guide written by experts, provides in-depth information on Vanuatu citizenship by investment program to passport investors.

Benefits of Ni-Vanuatu citizenship

  • Become a Commonwealth citizen
  • No requirement to visit Vanuatu
  • Tax haven (no corporate, capital gains, inheritance, gift taxes)
  • Very fast processing times (approvals within 3 weeks)
  • Powerful passport from a pacific country offering visa free access to UK, Schengen, Russia etc.
  • Simple and easy straight forward application process.
  • Citizenship is a great investment passed to future family generations
  • Privacy for CBI citizens with discrete application process.
  • Best Second Passport for Private investors.
  • Enjoy your Dual citizen status

Citizenship by Investment

Vanuatu currently offers two types of citizenship by investment (CBI) programs with almost identical investment requirements.

  1. Development Support Program (DSP) – USD 130,000
  2. Contribution Program (VCP) – USD 130,000
  3. Real Estate (RE) – Closed

Both the DSP and VCP schemes are legal and official programs run by Government of Vanuatu.

While DSP/VCP schemes are 90% similar, the main difference lies in voting rights and number of agents marketing the schemes. Here are the difference between two schemes.

Vanuatu Contribution Program (VCP)Development Support Program
Donation USD 130,000USD 130,000
CitizenshipOrdinary citizenship Ordinary citizenship
Honorary CitizenshipNoNo
Right to Vote Yes No
Residence requirements NoneNone
Hold Government OfficeYesNo
Real Estate No option No option
Processing times4-6 weeks6-8 weeks
Authorized agents135+
Third GenerationsParents above 50 years can applyParents above 50 years can apply
PassportOrdinary passportOrdinary passport
Oath ceremonyIn Vanuatu or AbroadVanuatu or Abroad

Citizenship Legislation

You can download the various citizenship acts and amendment regulations (pdf) related to the citizenship investment program of the Republic of Vanuatu

Vanuatu Citizenship Act [Cap_112]
Citizenship ACT NO. 34 OF 2018 (Amendment) 
Citizenship ACT NO. 39 OF 2013 (Amendments) 
Citizenship Amendment Act Order No. 18 of 2014 (Amendments) 
Citizenship Amendment Act Order No. 40 of 2014 (Amendments)
Citizenship regulations Order 91-95 of 2018
Citizenship Regulations (Order 32-33) of 2019
Citizenship Regulations (Development Support Program) Order No. 39 of 2020 Citizenship Regulations (Contribution Program) Order No. 38 of 2020
Dual Citizenship Amendment Act 2014
The Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu

Whats new in 2020?

The Vanuatu Government has announced a number of changes related to the economic citizenship program of Vanuatu pursuant after the internal review of the scheme. As of April 2020, the following new rules apply

  • Due diligence fee increased by $3000 per person (now costs $5000 per person)
  • Due to Covid-19 situation all applications now accepted online or by email.
  • Oaths can be taken online (video) or by written declaration
  • FIU processing time increased to 4 days from 2 days.
  • Applications will now be vetted through third party due diligence firms (before only FIU did the checks)

How much it costs for Vanuatu passport?

You can become an economic citizen of Vanuatu by donating a sum of money to the state. Currently it is the only option available. This is an instant citizenship by investment program with very fast processing times (less than 2 months)

Prices DSP/VCP Program
Single Applicant$130,000
Married Couple$165,000
Couple  + 1 Child$180,000
Couple + 2 Children$195,000
Additional Dependents$25,000 per person
Due Diligence Fee$5,000 per person
Oath ceremony$5,000

Note: Additional agent fee $20,000 apply per application. Please contact us for accurate quote.

Vanuatu Citizenship Passport
New Vanuatu Certificate of Citizenship and Passport issued for DSP and VCP Programs as of 2019

For example if you apply as single person, it would cost you $152,000. All fee included.

Vanuatu DSP/VCPPrice in USD
Single person$155,200
Family – 2 Persons (Main + Spouse)$193,500
Family – 3 Persons (Main + Spouse + 1 child < 18)$212,750
Family – 4 Persons (Main + Spouse + 2 child < 18)$222,800
Family – 5 Persons (Main + Spouse + 3 child < 18)$248,200

Additional Service Fees

Drivers License $500
National ID$1500
Bank Account in Vanuatu$5000
Birth Certificate$550
Oath Ceremony Overseas$5000
Oath Ceremony in Vanuatu$1300
Name Change Fee Per Applicant$15000
Citizenship application fee$50
Citizenship certificate fee$100
Passport fee$160/passport

How do i apply?

  1. Start the process paying $10,000 retainer deposit to the Agent. The agent will start working on your application including basic background checks (KYC/Identification)
  2. Pay the second stage agent fee ($10,000) so that agent can file your application to the Citizenship Commission of Vanuatu
  3. Wait for 3 weeks to receive approval letter (FIU checks)
  4. Pay the $130,000 to the Government fund account
  5. Take the Oath ceremony (Skype or video conferencing)
  6. Wait for another week to receive your passport. Collect it from the Agent your at the consulate.

Processing time

3-4 weeks

Important: Please note that Vanuatu does not offer citizenship for buying real estate. If anybody offers you passport for buying property in Vanuatu, it is most likely a scam.

Passport validity

5-10 years

Time for Passport

2 months (8 weeks) from the time of application

Citizenship Privacy

Vanuatu offers complete privacy to citizenship investors. The names of CBI citizens are not published in gazette or anywhere or reported anywhere to public. It is there one of the best known private citizenship by investment programs in the world.

Background to Vanuatu Economic Citizenship

The History of Vanuatu citizenship by investment goes back to 1990’s when passport for sale schemes from pacific islands became very popular. Pacific island tax havens were among the first countries to enter the passport selling business in the 1980s and 1990s. 

Vanuatu ran a passport for sale scheme between 1996-1997 selling 300 passport making $3.3 million, equivalent of 1.5% of GDP at that time. The passports offered several benefits including tax benefits,  overcoming visa restrictions, alternative second passport, and avoiding military service.

Vanuatu government revived the idea of opening new economic citizenship programs (ECP) to boost revenue after being hit by Cyclone PAM. The Cyclone Pam crippled Vanuatu’s infrastructure: an estimated 90 percent of the nation’s buildings were impacted by the storm’s effects bringing damages VT63.2 billion (US$600 million)

2014 – The Capital Investment Immigration Plan (CIIP) which was originally introduced in 2014, The objective of the plan is to create local jobs, stimulate the economy and keep the national budget balanced. The citizenship is for life, and does not require visiting Vanuatu.

2015 – Vanuatu Economic Rehabilitation Program (VERP), a fast track citizenship by investment scheme was introduced after Cyclone Pam (March 2015) to raise additional fund for recovery activities.

2016 – CIIP was replaced by Vanuatu Real Estate Option Program (REO Program) in November 2016

2017 – VERP is replaced by Vanuatu Development Support Program (VDSP) and Vanuatu Contribution Program (VCP) in March 2017.


VDSP offers citizenship to foreign investors against one-time contribution, ranging from USD 200,000 for a single person application to USD 280,000 for a family with elderly parents. The offered “honorary citizenship” has most ni-Vanuatu rights except voting and political involvement. The application process requires a background check, including financial resources and criminal record, and takes between 1 to 2 months, making it one of the most fast-track citizenship programs in the world. However, citizens of North Korea, Yemen, Syria, Iraq, and Iran are not allowed to apply.


REO Program requires applicants to invest USD 230,000 in real estate related investments to obtain Vanuatu citizenship. The government expects the program to help raise substantial revenue, and that the associated private investments that would directly provide employment and expand commercial facilities for a long-term growth.

How Prices were cut in 2018?

The Vanuatu Government made important changes to the Citizenship by investment in 2018 to keep up with the competition with Caribbean programs. The Caribbean countries engaged a race to the bottom cutting prices by 50% to just $100,000 after Hurricane Maria devastated the islands.

The Citizenship by Investment (Development Support Program and Contribution Program) Regulations 91/92 (2018) significantly cut the prices (from $200K) for passports for donation option to USD 80,000 (single person) and USD 100,000 (families)

Significant Amendments introduced in 2019

Vanuatu made significant changes to the DSP citizenship program in 2019. Here are the most important changes done to Vanuatu citizenship by investment program

On 24th April 2019, the Citizenship (Development Support Program) Regulations Order NO.33 of 2019 came into effect set a new threshold of selling prices USD 130,000 by agents

More changes

  • “Honorary Citizenship” terminology is canceled and removed from citizenship certificates. This was replaced by new regulations allowing either the Chairman of the Commission or the Prime Minister himself to sign the required documents cancelling out the “honorary” terminology as both passport schemes are the same.
  •  More agents appointed for two passport schemes – DSP (more than 30 agents ) and VCP (1 agent) 
  • Applications of persons with criminal records will not be considered. There are also restricted countries, who cannot apply – Ineligible candidates
  • Application Processing times significantly increased to less than a month. 

Whats new in 2020?

Vanuatu’s two citizenship by investment programs (DSP/VCP) brought vast economic benefits to the country.

What are the other ways to get Vanuatu citizenship?

Vanuatu provides six paths to obtain Ni-Vanuatu citizenship, as of 2020.

  1. Citizenship by Naturalization (Form A)
  2. Citizenship by marriage – Non-Citizen married to a Vanuatu Citizen (Form B) after 2 years
  3. Citizenship by Entitlement (Form C (a))
  4. Citizenship by Regain (Form C (b))
  5. Honorary Citizenship under Vanuatu Development Support Program
  6. Granting of Citizenship to an individual under Vanuatu Contribution Program

How CBI applicant screening works?

Designated Agent receiving and providing to the Technical Working Group (TWG) the names of the person eligible to be conferred Honorary Citizenship; the TWG then carries out intelligence checks on a person through the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU).

Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU)

The Financial Intelligence Unit is Vanuatu’s national agency, operating within PM office responsible for verifying financial information of applicants to counter money laundering, terrorism financing and suspected proceeds of crime.

The FIU was established in 2020,  regulates all financial institutions in Vanuatu as required by the AML&CTF

  • FIU checks for for criminal conviction, FIU utilises several globally reputable screening databases in its due diligence process including checking INTERPOL database or past criminal conviction records , global blacklisting, sanctions, financial disqualification, corporate solvency, terrorism, individual bankruptcy and political-affluent persons.
  • FIU also monitors of all successful applicants in the Program with rescreeing of checks and provides reports to Vanuatu citizenship commission (VCC) for adverse reports.
  • VCC recommends the applicant to Prime Ministers office, for honorary citizenship

Upon confirmation from the FIU that the person has no criminal record, the TWG submits the name of the person to the Citizenship Commission for due diligence checking.

Next, the Commission submits the name of the person to the Prime Minister who then advises the President on the name of the person to be conferred Citizenship under the VERP.

Ineligible Candidates

Nationals from these 5 countries, may apply for Vanuatu DSP/VCP citizenship by investment scheme with some exception

  •  Afghanistan,
  • Iran
  • North Korea,
  • Somalia
  • Yemen

There is an Exception: Vanuatu may accept nationals from restricted country if they have not resided in restricted countries for more than 5 years and can provide evidence of permanent residence abroad. For example those with permanent residence status in EU schengen, USA, UK, UAE etc.

Citizenship by Investment Legislation

Download the legal texts of the citizenship act and amendments for DSP/VCP programs

Vanuatu Citizenship Office

The Vanuatu Citizenship Office is responsible for administering Development Support (DSP) and Citizenship Contribution Program (VCP)

The Citizenship’s Office and Commission is a statutory entity of the government of the Republic of Vanuatu established by the Vanuatu Citizenship Act [Cap 112]. Its role covers:

  1. Consider and approve or differ or reject applications of Vanuatu citizenships
  2. Revoke a citizenship if it was not granted according to other provisions of the citizenship Act [cap 112] and/or the national constitution and other powers specified or implicatedby the Act.

Its vision is to be recognised as a competent commission and it values strict legal compliance, quality delivery of service, effective leadership and integrity and diligence.

The commission’s mission is to serve the people to the best of its abilities. In doing so, the Citizenship Commission ensures that the granting of Vanuatu citizenship to the applicants must be made in accordance with the relevant laws of the Republic of Vanuatu. The Mission for 2018 onwards:

  •  To enhance the efficiency of Citizenship Office in processing of applications
  •  Strict compliance of due diligence checking with all applicants
  •  Smooth line the procedures in issuing of certificates
  •  Better co-ordination with other governmental departments
  •  Protecting the integrity of Vanuatu Citizenship

The Citizenship Commission continues to carry out its core functions while at the same time raising government revenue through its various programs such as the Honorary Citizenship Program Fees, Honorary Citizenship Fees, Application charges recoveries and other minor fees. These fees account for at least two billion vatu annually. The current demand for honorary citizenship programs is increasing each year as the program expands to other regions. The office is currently manned with 8 of 10 officers under the current organizational structure which is a challenge to effectively and efficiently carry out its duties, given the current increase in demand for the honorary citizenship program.

Loss of Citizenship

A citizen who is of age and of full capacity and is not dual citizen shall lose his Vanuatu Citizenship if he or she exercises the criteria stipulated by the relevant provisions of the Citizenship Act [Cap 112]. Moreover, a person who is found to have obtained citizenship by any false representation, fraud or concealment shall cease to be a citizen 30 days after such finding.

Vanuatu citizenship can be freely renounced completing the appropriate Form and takes an oath.

Dual citizenship

Vanuatu legalized dual citizenship passing amendments to Citizenship legislation in parliament on December 2012 to attract investment into the country.  Further amendments to the Citizenship Act was done once in 2013 and twice in 2014.

What is the passport power of Vanuatu?

Vanuatu offers great passport benefits with a very good passport from pacific. As of 2020, Vanuatu citizens had total access to 127 countries in the world, according to the recently released study of Best passport rankings 2020

  • Visa not required – 80 (using passport)
  • Visa required – 67
  • eVisa – 13
  • Visa on Arrival (VOA) – 29
  • eVisa / Visa on Arrival (both) – 5

These are some of the important countries and territories where Vanuatu passport has visa free access.

Visa not requiredVisa required
United Kingdom / Ireland
EU schengen states
Russia
Indonesia
Israel
Singapore
Hong Kong
Thailand (Visa arrival)
Canada
United States
UAE
South Africa
Taiwan
China
Japan
South Africa
Visa free for Vanuatu passport
Visa free entry requirements for Citizens of Vanuatu

What should you know about Vanuatu?

Vanuatu is a pacific island country,obtained its independence only in 1980 after british and french colonial rule. The country is a member of Commonwealth, UN and maintains close relations with Australia and New Zealand.

Vanuatu has a population of 270,000 of which 98.5% are ethnic Ni-vanuatu citizens. English and french are used widely in Vanuatu.

Do you know?
The Word Vanuatu comes from two words – “Vanua” (homeland) + tu (stand for).

Map of Vanuatu showing its location near to Australia and New Zealand

10 Facts You dont Know About Vanuatu

  1. Vanuatu is the worlds fourth happiest country
  2. Premier vacation destinations for scuba divers exploring spectacular coral reefs, shipwrecks and canyons
  3. English is widely spoken language
  4. Bungee jumping was invented here
  5. Vanuatu is made of Y shaped 80 islands with intense volcanic activity
  6. Efate island was named by Captain Cook
  7. Only 9% of land is used for agriculture 
  8. Vanuatu is the only country in the pacific that sells citizenship for $150,000
  9. Vanuatu remained tax haven until 2008 providing offshore financial services and secret bank accounts
  10. The National dish of Vanuatu is the Laplap.
Eton Beach on Efate Island, Vanuatu, near Port Vila – famous beach on the east coast

Tourist Arrivals

Vanuatu gets around 37,000 tourist arrivals every year (about 25,000 cruise arrivals), most of them 77% for holidays. If you are investing in hotels and resorts in Vanuatu, as an investor you have to consider tourist arrival numbers before investing.

Source: Vanuatu Statistics Office (Tourism arrivals)

The best time to visit Vanuatu is from April to October when the weather is warm and sunny but less humid and therefore more comfortable. 

Real Estate in Vanuatu

Vanuatu property prices still remains the lowest in the world. Property prices have been steadily increasing over the years, especially due to increase in tourism, especially tourist arrivals combined with influx of chinese, australians and other expats.

It is important to remember that lands in Vanuatu are not freehold. Properties can be leased for up to 50 years for residential lots and 75 years for commercial ones. There are no restrictions on foreigners buying property.

Residential property prices are around US$800 – US$970 per sq. m. (VUV 92,250 to VUV 111,850).

A 100 sq. m. property could be bought for VUV 11.2 million (US$97,000), according to Global property guide. To build your house, you should appraise around $850 – $1250 per sq.m

What are the property taxes applicable?

  • 2% Stamp Duty
  • 5% Title Transfer Registration
  • If the buyer is purchasing an existing company, the Stamp Duty is 4% on the Share Transfer Value, and because the shares in the lessee company are transferred, not the title itself, there is no 2% Stamp Duty fee.
  • Legals costs are usually between 0.5% ‐ 1.% of the purchase price.
  • VAT (currently 15%) is not payable by the purchaser on residential property. VAT is payable by a builder or property developers. VAT is payable by the purchaser on the sale of commercial property.
  • Insurance will cost about 0.5% to 0.7% (cyclone, earthquake, volcano eruptions etc)

Property transfers take 2-3 months.

Port Vila, coastal and harbour locations are good areas to buy a residential property. Efate is Vanuatu’s main island, politically, economically, industrially and in terms of population and tourism. 

These are best areas to invest in property

  1. Residential  Port Vila, Tassiriki, Elluk, the Harbourfront, First Lagoon, Second Lagoon, Bellevue, Malapoa and the oceanfront subdivisions near town such as Dream 
  2. Commercial – Main street and central harbour
  3. Agricultural land – Efate and Santo islands

Source: Islandproperty.vu

Dont forget!
Buying a real estate will not make you eligible for Vanuatu Development Support Program (DSP) or Vanuatu Citizenship Contribution Program (VCP). Both programs have only donation option and does not have a real estate option. The Vanuatu Citizenship Office advices all persons who are interested in its Citizenship Programs that there is no Real Estate Option Program attached to any of its Citizenship Programs

Vanuatu Permanent Residency Program

Vanuatu offers permanent residency if you buy a property for $100,000 (known as investor visa) or for retirees who can receive atleast $2500 monthly income.

Vanuatu also offers Land Owner Visa. If you wish to settle in Vanuatu and lease real estate, you can apply for a Land Ownership visa.

Keep in mind that Permanent residence program is not connected with citizenship by investment program. You will get you citizenship by naturalization ONLY after 10 years of living. There is also written Bislama Test which is basically about general knowledge of the Republic of Vanuatu legally, politically, historically and socially.

The DSP/VCP passport program is way better than this. There are no citizenship tests, language requirement or military service.

Taxes in Vanuatu

On 26 June 2018, Vanuatu joins OECD international efforts against tax evasion and avoidance. Vanuatu implemented CRS tax reporting standard with banks sharing the tax details of customers in 2018.

Vanuatu has no corporate tax, no capital gains tax, no estate tax, no wealth tax, no withholding tax, no gift tax

VanuatuTax
Corporate Tax0.00%
Personal Income TaxUpto 17%
Wealth Tax0.00%
Capital Gains0.00%
Inheritance or Estate Tax0.00%
Tax Treaties19 countries
FATCANo

Vanuatu has introduced New Tax Laws, effective from 1 January 2020. The most important changes include

  1. Tax Identification Numbers – Businesses are required to have and use a Tax Identification Number (TIN)
  2. Records – Record keeping obligations for business taxpayers are made clear
  3. Forms – There will be some new forms and some forms will be revised
  4. Modernizing – Electronic filing and paying is facilitated in the new laws
  5. Penalties and Offences – The Act introduces or revises penalties and offences, including a late filing penalty.
  6. DCIR Powers – DCIR’s powers to recover debt and collect information are widened
  7. Transparency – Increased transparency in the way tax is administered
  8. Tax Agents – Tax Agents will need to be registered (from 1 April 2020)
  9. International Tax commitments – There will be increased cooperation with other countries tax administration

Personal income tax is a tax on the income earned by individuals. Income includes salaries and wages, business income (i.e. business profits), investment income, rental income, interest etc. Personal income tax will be imposed at a ‘progressive’ rate (meaning that tax paid as a proportion of income rises with income). Only individuals earning income above a tax-free threshold will pay income tax. People earning less than 750,000 vatu (US$6,000) a year (or 28,846 vatu a fortnight with 26 pay periods a year) will not pay income tax.

Revenues from Vanuatu Passport Program

As of end of 2019, Vanuatu has raised $230 million dollars from citizenship for sale, granting over 4000 passports to CBI citizens.

YearCBI Revenues (USD millions)
2014$0
2015$13.7
2016$22.19
2017$29.1
2018$60.9
2019$104.8

Note: Vanuatu Vatu exchanged to US dollars at March 12, 2020 rate.

Vanuatu DSP Revenues
Vanuatu DSP and VCP Program Revenues – Source: Ministry of Finance Monthly Reports

Vanuatu CBI program has been a significant contributor to GDP of Vanuatu.

Vanuatu passport revenues reached its peak in 2019 exceeding $100 million in revenues for that year alone, equivalent to 11.9 of GDP. This exceeded VAT revenues and even whole year’s of operating surplus of Vanuatu.

The Vanuatu citizenship programs (VERP/DSP/VCP) contributing to GDP of Vanuatu from 2014 to 2019. – Source: Monthly Report from Ministry of Finance

IMF reported in 2018, the revenues of 5.7 billion Vatu revenues from the economic citizenship programs (ECPs) was used for unexpected expenses (Ambae disaster relief, and the mandated restoration of public benefit cuts) and early debt repayments (about 3.2 percent of GDP).

FAQs

How is Vanuatu better than the Caribbean passport programs?

The Caribbean programs take long passports (excess of 3 months) and the application filing is delicate. Vanuatu is a far superior program considering these factors.

Besides Vanuatu is cheaper than St Kitts and Grenada programs.

Who are Ni-Vanuatu citizens?

The Native inhabitants of Vanuatu are called Ni-Vanuatu citizens. Ni-Vanuatu is a large group of closely related Melanesian ethnic groups native to the island country of Vanuatu.  98.5% of inhabitants are Ni-Vanuatu citizens. Ni-Vanuatu means ‘Of Vanuatu’

Can Vanuatu revoke once citizenship is granted?

Yes, if you are on wanted person or bring disrepute to Vanuatu, passport and citizenship may be revoked. So far Vanuatu has stripped 40 persons of passports for illegal activities.

Does Vanuatu accept Bitcoin or cryptocurrencies?

The Government made it clear that Bitcoin or cryptocurrencies will not be accepted for DSP/VCP schemes. But a few agents do accept Bitcoin.

Can stateless people apply for Vanuatu passport?

Yes, stateless persons and their family members are accepted.

Can i visit UK and schengen area?

Vanuatu signed a mutual visa-waiver agreement with the European Union on 28 May 2015 which was ratified on 15 December 2015. This agreement allows all citizens of states that are contracting parties to the Schengen Agreement to stay without a visa for a maximum period of 90 days in any 180-day period.

Vanuatu citizens dont need a visa to visit United Kingdom (6 months) for tourism, business or family visits.

Does Vanuatu offer diplomatic passport for investments?

NO. Only ordinary citizen passports issued under DSP and VCP schemes

Can i add family members in one citizenship application?
  • Yes you can
  • A spouse of the main applicant (must be of opposite gender, same sex not allowed);
  • Unmarried children under 26 years old and parents of the main applicant or his or her spouse who are over 50 dependant upon the applicant.
Are there any flight connections to Vanuatu?

You can fly to Port Vila’s Bauerfield International airport (VLI) directly from, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and Solomon Islands. 

National carrier Air Vanuatu operates regular services to Port Vila from Auckland, Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Noumea and Nadi. Air Vanuatu also provides domestic services to a number of islands in Vanuatu.

Other airlines operating to Vanuatu include Air Calin, Air New Zealand, Virgin Australia, Fiji Airways, Solomon Airlines, and Air Niugini.

Vanuatu’s international ports of entry are Bauerfield Airport on Efate, and Pekoa on Espiritu Santo. The airports are situated 10 minutes from their island’s city centres, being Port Vila and Luganville respectively.

Can i open bank account in Vanuatu?

Once you become a citizen and have passport, you can open bank account in Vanuatu. We offer this service for a fee.

There are 3 popular banks in Vanuatu – ANZ bank, BSP (Bank of South Pacific) and BRED bank.

Does Vanuatu have embassies abroad?

Yes, here is the list of consulates that can help citizens abroad

  1. Vanuatu High commission’s office: Brussels, Europe
  2. Beijing, China
  3. Canberra, Australia
  4. New York, USA
  5. Vanuatu consular services Auckland, New Zealand
  6. Noumea, New Caledonia
  7. Suva, Fiji
Are you an authorized agent for Vanuatu?

We work as a sub-agent for the authorized agent.

What happens if my application is rejected?

You can appeal the decision through your agent. You also entitled for a partial refund minus service charges.

 Please note if the Citizenship Commission rejects the application on the grounds of false information or other good reason, it will forfeit 25% of the fee paid to the Government and return 75%.

What documents are required to apply for this program?

You have to prepare the following documents (* needs apostille or notarization). The Agent will assist you with every step preparing all the documents.

  • Citizenship application form
  • Valid passport (certified copy)
  • Birth certificate*
  • National Identity card (Certified copy)
  • Police clearance certificate from state of origin*+
  • Vanuatu due diligence check
  • Marriage certificate*
  • Medical certificate +
  • Personal profile outlining education and employment history (curriculum vitae)
  • Proof of assets, source of funds
  • Bank references

Note: Police and medical certificates must be less than 6 months old. Police certificate is need from all countries where applicant had lived for more than 1 year in the past 10 years.

What services do you provide in Vanuatu?

We offer the following services to our clients in Vanuatu

  • Incorporation of offshore companies,
  • Vanuatu trust management,
  • Offshore banking,
  • Registrations of ships and vessels and
  • Online gaming. 
  • Real estate (sale/rental)
  • Yacht registrations
  • Accountancy, payroll and tax services
Is the citizenship for investment permanent?

Yes. It is permanent and does not expire.

Can Vanuatu citizens apply for US visas?

Yes, Vanuatu nationals can apply for US immigrant and non-immigrant visas at the nearest Papa New Guinea US embassy which serves Port Vila.

  • B1/B2 visa
  • EB-5 (green card)

Vanuatu citizens require a VISA to visit Canada by any method of travel – plane, car, bus, train, or cruise ship.

Can i transfer payment through legal entity?

Yes, Vanuatu accepts donation payment from personal account or legal entity (companies) bank account.

Does Vanuatu levy taxes on worldwide income?

No taxes imposed on global income, dividends, wealth and inheritance

Does Vanuatu have any extradition treaties?

Vanuatu has extradition treaties with 57 Commonwealth countries based on the London Scheme, including 6 members of the ADB/OECD Initiative (Bangladesh; India; Malaysia; Pakistan; Singapore; and Sri Lanka) and 2 Parties to the OECD Convention (Canada; United Kingdom).

Vanuatu has close relations with China with criminal matters. In past Vanuatu has successfully extradited and deported chinese nationals who had vanuatu citizenship.

When was Vanuatu discovered?

The History of Vanuatu dates back since 500 BCE, and the region was part of the Tongan Empire in the 14th century. 

The first Europeans to visit the islands were a Spanish expedition led by Portuguese navigator Fernandes de Queirós, who arrived on the largest island, Espíritu Santo, one of the largest island of Vanuatu in 1606. 

Does Vanuatu have diplomatic relations with China?

Vanuatu and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) first established official diplomatic relations on March 26, 1982. China established an embassy in Vanuatu in 1989, while Vanuatu established an honorary consulate in China in 1999; it officially became an embassy in 2005.

China lended $220 million in foreign debts and maintains close trade relations with Vanuatu

How many Chinese visit Vanuatu?

 Chinese Visitor numbers to Vanuatu grew by nearly 30 per cent from 2015 to 2018 after China added Vanuatu to its list of tourism destinations. Some 4000 chinese visited Vanuatu in 2018.

Some Chinese have become Vanuatu citizens without even setting foot into the country through the citizenship for sale program

Which countries do not require visas to Vanuatu?

The information is available here in the official website

What are citizen rights with Honorary citizenship?

Honorary citizenship is granted to important persons, purely based on a political decision. But the problem honorary citizenship is not real citizenship, comes with very limited rights and privileges, compared to ordinary citizenship.

Has Vanuatu signed extradition treaty with US?

NO, at the moment of this writing.

Travel and Visa restrictions on Coronavirus (COVID-19)

The Coronavirus outbreak has been announced as Global pandemic by WHO. Since then several countries have imposed strict travel restrictions closing their borders to prevent the spread of the virus.

Recently United States and Turkey have announced entry bans on several EU schengen states.

IATA has compiled visa and entry restrictions for several countries. In most countries the general trend is

* Citizens – Allowed entry but will be isolated for quarantine (14 days)

* Non-citizens – Entry ban for travelers who passed through Italy/Iran/China/South Korea etc. Visas or visa on arrival canceled.

Some countries allow entry only with COVID-19 certificate

ANGOLA – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers and airline crew who have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Portugal or Spain are not allowed to enter Angola. This also applies to passengers and airline crew who have been in contact with people infected by the Coronavirus (COVID-19).
– This does not apply to airline crew and nationals of Angola.
2. Residents of Angola, airline crew and nationals of Angola who arrive from or have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Portugal or Spain will be put in quarantine.
3. A completed sanitary control sheet must be presented to the National Directorate of Public Health of the Ministry of Health upon arrival.

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers and airline crew who have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.) or Singapore in the past 28 days are not allowed to enter Antigua and Barbuda.
2. Nationals and resident diplomats of Antigua and Barbuda who have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.) or Singapore in the past 28 days are allowed to enter Antigua and Barbuda. Airlines must provide their advance passenger information before departure.

ARGENTINA – published 17.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Argentina.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Argentina.

ARMENIA – published 06.02.2020
1. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) with a normal passport are no longer visa exempt.
2. Nationals of Iran can no longer obtain a visa on arrival. They must obtain a visa or an e-visa prior to their arrival in Armenia. The e-visa can be obtained at https://evisa.mfa.am/

ARUBA – published 18.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Aruba.
-This does not apply to residents of Aruba. They must hold an valid Aruban driving license, Aruban ID card or a valid Aruban Health Insurance Card.
-This does not apply to airline crew.
-Passengers must apply self-quarantine for 14 days.

AUSTRALIA – published 20.03.2020
Item 1 is effective 21:00 AEDT 20 March 2020:
1. Passengers are not allowed to transit or enter Australia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Australia.
– This does not apply to the immediate family members of nationals of Australia.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of Australia and their immediate family members.
– This does not apply to nationals of New Zealand residing in Australia.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
– This does not apply to nationals of Cook Isl., Fiji, French Polynesia, Kiribati, Marshall Isl., Micronesia (Federated States), Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa (American), Solomon Isl., Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu when they are transiting through Australia to their home country.
2. Passengers who have transited through or have been in China (People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Australia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Australia and their immediate family members. They will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days from their arrival into Australia.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of Australia and their immediate family members. They will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days from their arrival into Australia.
– This does not apply to nationals of New Zealand residing in Australia. They will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days from their arrival into Australia.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
3. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Iran on or after 1 March 2020 are not allowed to enter Australia for 14 days, from the time they left or transited through Iran.
– This does not apply to nationals of Australia, their immediate family members, permanent residents of Australia and their immediate family members. They will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days.
4. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Korea (Rep.) on or after 2100 AEDST 5 March 2020 are not allowed to enter Australia for 14 days, from the time they left or transited through Korea (Rep.).
– This does not apply to nationals of Australia, their immediate family members, permanent residents of Australia and their immediate family members. They will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days.
5. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Italy on or after 1800 AEDST 11 March 2020 are not allowed to enter Australia for 14 days, from the time they left or transited through Italy.
– This does not apply to nationals of Australia, their immediate family members, permanent residents of Australia and their immediate family members. They will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days.
6. All passengers are required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days from their arrival into Australia. If their duration of stay is less than 14 days, they must self-isolate for the entire duration of stay.
– This does not apply to airline crew with the appropriate personal protective equipment.

AUSTRIA – published 16.03.2020
Passengers and crew members who have been in Hubei Province of China (People’s Rep.), France, Italy, Iran, Korea (Rep.), Netherlands, Russian Fed., Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine or the United Kingdom in the past 14 days must have a medical certificate dated from a maximum of 4 days before their arrival in Austria. The medical certificate must :
– confirm that the person is not affected by Coronavirus (COVID-19), and
– be in German or in English, and
– be obtained at https://infothek.bmvit.gv.at/massnahmen-bei-der-einreise-aus-sars-cov-2-risikogebieten/ .
– This does not apply to nationals of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.
– This does not apply to passengers with a British passport.
– This does not apply to crew members of cargo, emergency, rescue/ambulance or ferry flights.

AZERBAIJAN – published 13.03.2020
1. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) with a normal passport are not allowed to enter Azerbaijan if they do not have a visa obtained before departure.
2. Nationals of Bahrain, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, UAE and USA are not allowed to enter Azerbaijan if they do not have a visa obtained before departure.
3. The issuance of e-visas and visa on arrival has been suspended.

BAHAMAS – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Europe, Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or United Kingdom in the past 20 days are not allowed to enter.
2. Residents of the Bahamas who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Europe, Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or United Kingdom will be subject to immediate quarantine for a maximum of 14 days.

BAHRAIN – published 19.03.2020
1. Visa on arrival has been suspended.
– This does not apply to passengers with a diplomatic, an official, a service or UN passport.
2. Passengers who have been in Austria, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.), Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Iraq, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and USA in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit and enter Bahrain.
– This does not apply to nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Bahrain.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
– This does not apply to military personnel.
– This does not apply to passengers with a special approval from Nationality, Passport Residence Affairs Directorate of Bahrain.
– This does not apply to passengers with a valid letter of Prior Permission Granted which is presented prior to boarding.
3. Passengers who have been in Hong Kong (SAR China), Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Singapore or Thailand in the past 14 days must have a valid visa prior to arrival.
– This does not apply to nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Bahrain.
– This does not apply to passengers with a valid letter of Prior Permission Granted which is presented prior to boarding.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
4. All passengers arriving in Bahrain will immediately be taken to undergo enhanced testing procedures as a preventative measure for Coronavirus (COVID-19) and will be subject to quarantine.
5. Border crossing on the causeway has been temporarily suspended due to Coronavirus (COVID-19).

BANGLADESH – published 17.03.2020
1. The visa on arrival facility has been suspended for all nationalities.
2. Passengers arriving from China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) can no longer obtain a visa on arrival.
3. Passengers arriving from China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) with a pre-arranged visa must have a medical certificate stating that the person is not affected by Coronavirus (COVID-19). The certificate must be duly certified by the embassy.
– This does not apply to nationals of Bangladesh.
4. Nationals of China (Peoples’ Rep.), passengers with a Chinese Taipei (on the cover: Republic of China Taiwan) passport, a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport or a Macao (SAR China) passport traveling to Bangladesh can no longer obtain a visa on arrival.
5. Passengers arriving from China (People’s Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (SAR China) or Macau (SAR China) must fill-in a Health Clearance Form provided by cabin crew.

BELIZE – published 16.03.2020
1. Nationals of Belize who have been in a European country, China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Japan or Korea (Rep.) will be subject to self-isolation.
-This does not apply to airline crew.
2. Residents of Belize who have been in a European country, China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Japan or Korea (Rep.), will be subject to self-isolation.
3. Passengers who have been in a European country, China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Japan or Korea (Rep.) in the past 30 days, are not allowed to enter Belize.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Belize.

BENIN – published 18.03.2020
Passengers are subject to quarantine for 14 days.

BERMUDA – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers will be required to self-quarantine for 14 days.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
2. Bermuda (BDA) is closed for incoming passenger flights from 20 March 2020, 23:59 local time for 2 weeks.

BOLIVIA – published 18.03.2020
Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Spain in the past 20 days are not allowed to enter Bolivia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Bolivia.
Effective from 20 March 2020:
Passengers are not allowed to enter Bolivia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Bolivia.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Bolivia.
– This does not apply to passengers who are in a diplomatic mission.

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA – published 12.03.2020
1- Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.) (Hubei – Wuhan Province), Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) are not allowed to enter Bosnia and Herzegovina.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
2. Nationals and residents of Bosnia and Herzegovina who have been in China (People’s Rep.) (Hubei – Wuhan Province), Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) must complete a health questionnaire and will be put under medical supervision.

BOTSWANA – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers arriving from Austria, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.), Denmark, France, Germany, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, USA or United Kingdom are not allowed to enter Botswana.
– This does not apply to nationals of Botswana.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Botswana.
2. Nationals and residents of Botswana will be quarantined for 14 days.
3. Passengers can no longer obtain a visa on arrival in Botswana..
4. Visas issued to nationals of Austria, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.), Denmark, France, Germany, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or USA are invalidated.
5. Visas issued to passengers with a British passport with nationality “British Citizen” are invalidated.

BRUNEIDARUSSALAM – published 07.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in the Hubei, Zhejiang or Jiangsu Provinces (China People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Brunei Darussalam.
– This does not apply to nationals of Brunei Darussalam.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of Brunei Darussalam.
2. Passengers who have been in Iran or Italy in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Brunei Darussalam.
– This does not apply to nationals of Brunei Darussalam and permanent residents of Brunei Darussalam.
3. Nationals and permanent residents of Brunei Darussalam who have been in China (People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are required to undergo self-isolation for 14 days.
4. Long-term visa holders who have been in regions other than Hubei, Zhejiang or Jiangsu Provinces of China (People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are required to undergo self-isolation for 14 days upon arrival in Brunei Darussalam.

BULGARIA – published 18.03.2020
Passengers arriving from Bangladesh, China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, India, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.), Maldives, Nepal, Netherlands, Spain, Sri Lanka, Switzerland or United Kingdom are not allowed to enter Bulgaria.
– This does not apply to nationals of Bulgaria.
– This does not apply to family members of nationals of Bulgaria.
– This does not apply to passengers and their families with a permanent or long term residence permit issued by Bulgaria.

CAMBODIA – published 20.03.2020
1. Passengers arriving from France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Spain or USA are not allowed to enter Cambodia.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Cambodia.
2. Nationals and residents of Cambodia, diplomats and officials of foreign embassies and international organizations and their family members who have a Diplomatic Visa Type A and Official Visa Type B who live or have been in France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Spain or USA in the past 14 days will be quarantine for 14 days.
– This does not apply to airline crew.

CANADA – published 20.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been outside of Canada or USA in the past 14 days, are not allowed to enter Canada.
– This does not apply to nationals of Canada and their immediate family members.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of Canada and their immediate family members.
– This does not apply to diplomats.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
– This does not apply to the following passengers:
a. Person registered as an Indian under the Indian Act;
b. Person authorized in writing by a consular officer of the government of Canada to come to Canada to reunite with immediate family members;
c. Person who is exempt from the requirements to obtain a temporary resident visa under paragraph 190 (2)(a) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations, and their immediate family members;
d. Person who enters Canada at the invitation of the Minister of Health for the purpose of assisting in the COVID-19 response;
e. Person who arrives by means of an aircraft operated by Canadian Forces or the Department of National Defence;
f. Member of the Canadian Forces or a visiting force, as defined in section 2 of the Visiting Forces Act, and their immediate family members;
g. Protected person, under section 95 (2) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act;
h. French citizen who resides in Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon who has not been outside Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon / Canada / U.S. in the last 14 days;
i. Person or class of persons that the Chief Public Health Officer, appointed under subsection 6 (1) of the Public Health Agency of Canada Act, determines does not pose a risk of significant harm to public health or who will provide an essential service while in Canada;
j. Person whom the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration or the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness determines their presence is in the national interest.
2. Passengers with Coronavirus (COVID-19) symptoms are not allowed to travel to Canada until:
– they have waited for a period of 14 days; or
– they can present a medical certificate that confirms the patient is free from the Coronavirus (COVID-19).
3. Passengers are required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days upon arrival at their final destination in Canada.
4. Passengers who were in the cruise ship ‘Diamond Princess’ are subject to a mandatory 14-day isolation at a quarantine facility upon arrival in Canada.

CAYMAN ISL. – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Cayman Isl.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Cayman Isl.
– This does not apply to passengers arriving from the United Kingdom.
2. Nationals and residents of Cayman Isl. will be isolated for 14 days.
3. Passengers arriving from the United Kingdom will be isolated for 14 days.

CHILE – published 18.03.2020
Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep), France, Germany, Iran, Italy or Spain will be isolated for 14 days.
Effective 19 March 2020:
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Chile.
2. Below listed passengers are allowed to enter Chile:
a. nationals of Chile;
b. residents of Chile;
c. passengers bringing humanitarian help;
d. passengers with a diplomatic visa;
e. passengers with an official ID issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile;
f. passengers with a safe-conduct.

CHINA (PEOPLE’S REP.) – published 19.03.2020
1. All passengers arriving at PEK will be quarantined at the designated hotels in Beijing for 14 days.
2. Passengers who live in or have been in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain , Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom or USA in the past 14 days arriving at Shanghai Pudong (PVG) or Shanghai Hongqiao (SHA) must undergo 14-day quarantine at home or in designated places for medical observation.
3. Passengers who live in or have been in France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Spain or USA in the past 14 days arriving at Guangzhou (CAN) or Shenzhen (SZX) must undergo 14-day quarantine at home or in designated places for medical observation.
4. All passengers arriving at XMN will be quarantined for medical observation at the designated hotels for 14 days on their own expenses.
– This does not apply to passengers under 18 years old, passengers above 70 years old, pregnant women and passengers suffering from illness. They must apply for permission to undergo a 14-day quarantine at home.

CHINESE TAIPEI – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Chinese Taipei.
– This does not apply to passengers with a Chinese Taipei (on the cover: Republic of China Taiwan) passport.
– This does not apply to passengers with an Alien Resident Certificate.
– This does not apply to personnel on diplomatic or official business.
– This does not apply to passengers who can prove they are fulfilling commercial and contractual obligations, or passengers requiring special permission.
– This does not apply to passengers with a visa with “SPECIAL ENTRY PERMIT FOR COVID-19 OUTBREAK” stated on remarks.
2. Passengers who can enter must observe a 14-day home quarantine upon arrival.

COLOMBIA – published 16.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Colombia.
2. This does not apply to nationals of Colombia and passengers who reside in Colombia. They will be required to self-isolate for 14 days.
3. This does not apply to passengers who are in a diplomatic mission. They will be required to self-isolate for 14 days.

COMOROS – published 20.03.2020
All airports in Comoros are closed.

COOK ISL. – published 17.03.2020
Passengers who have transited or been in any country except for Cook Isl. and New Zealand in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Cook Isl.

COSTA RICA – published 20.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Costa Rica.
– This does not apply to nationals of Costa Rica.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Costa Rica.
2. Passengers are not allowed to transit Costa Rica.
– This does not apply to nationals of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden or Switzerland.
– This does not apply to passengers with a British passport.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Costa Rica.
3. Nationals and residents of Costa Rica will be required to be in isolation for a period of 14 days.

COTE D’IVOIRE – published 17.03.2020
1. Passengers arriving from countries with more than 100 confirmed cases of Coronavirus (COVID-19) are not allowed to enter Cote d’Ivoire.
– This does not apply to nationals of Cote d’Ivoire.
– This does not apply to residents of Cote d’Ivoire.
2. Nationals and residents of Cote d’Ivoire arriving from countries with more than 100 confirmed cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) will be put in quarantine for a period of 14 days.

CROATIA – published 20.03.2020
Passengers are prohibited from crossing the borders of Croatia until 18 April 2020.
– This does not apply to nationals of Croatia and to those going to a country where they work and live.
– This does not apply to nationals of the Schengen Member States, passengers form the United Kingdom and their family members.
– This does not apply to passengers with a long-term resident permit or a long-term visa issued by a Schengen Member State or the United Kingdom.
– This does not apply to healthcare professionals, healthcare researchers and collaborators, experts in care for the elderly, and persons requiring urgent medical treatment.
– This does not apply to cross-border workers.
– This does not apply to diplomats, police officers in the performance of their activities, Civil Defence services and teams, international organizations staff and International military personnel in carrying out their functions.

CYPRUS – published 16.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Cyprus.
– This does not apply to nationals of Cyprus and passengers who reside in Cyprus.
– This does not apply to passengers who work in Cyprus.
– This does not apply to passengers with a special authorization issued by the competent ministry of Cyprus.
– This does not apply to passengers attending educational institutions in Cyprus.
2. Nationals and residents of Cyprus must have a certificate of health stating they are free from COVID-19 issued within a maximum of 4 days before departure. They will be quarantined for 14 days.
3. Passengers who work in Cyprus must have a certificate of health stating they are free from COVID-19 issued within a maximum of 4 days before departure. They will be quarantined for 14 days.
4. Passengers who have a special authorization issued by the competent ministry of Cyprus or are attending educational institutions in Cyprus, must have a certificate of health stating they are free from COVID-19 issued within a maximum of 4 days before departure. They will be quarantined for 14 days.

CURACAO – published 19.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Curacao.
-This does not apply to residents of Curacao.
-This does not apply to airline crew.

CZECHIA – published 16.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Czechia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Czechia.
– This does not apply to passengers with a Czech residence permit for stay over 90 days or for permanent stay.
– This does not apply to passengers with a Czech long-stay visa (not including visa stickers with a national comment D/VR/XX).
– This does not apply to passengers with the European Health Insurance Card issued by Czechia.
DENMARK
 – published 14.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Denmark.
– This does not apply to:
a) nationals and residents of Denmark.
b) passengers with one of the following travel purposes: visiting a critically or terminal ill family member; participating in a funeral;
called for a court case; exercising visitation rights with a minor; being a legal guardian for a minor; already in an ongoing health treatment;
being employed in Denmark (documentation needed);
c) passengers in transit or with connecting flights, who have a valid ticket for next destination which must be non-domestic;
d) passengers who can provide documentation for having their vehicle parked at Copenhagen Airport, and who need the vehicle for their ongoing journey out of Denmark (e.g. to Sweden).

DOMINICAN REP. – published 19.03.2020
Flights to Dominican Rep. are suspended until 3 April 2020.

ECUADOR – published 19.03.2020
1. Flights to Ecuador are suspended until 5 April 2020.
2. Passengers are required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days.

EGYPT – published 19.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Egypt until 31 March 2020.

ESTONIA – published 19.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Estonia.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Estonia.
– This does not apply to passengers who are entering Estonia in order to go back home with a transport other than the plane. They must not show any symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19).

EL SALVADOR – published 12.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter El Salvador.
– This does not apply to nationals of El Salvador and residents of El Salvador.
– This does not apply to passengers with a diplomatic, official, service or special passport and their immediate family members.

FALKLAND ISL. (MALVINAS) – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers are subject to isolation for a period of 14 days if they develop symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19). They must contact the local hospital on 28000 for advice.
2. Passengers who arrive from or have been in Wuhan City or Hubei Province of China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy, Daegu or Cheongdo of Korea (Rep.), in the past 14 days, and are not a Falkland Islands resident, should not travel to the Falkland Islands. All such arrivals, including local residents, will be interviewed and medically examined on arrival. They will be required to self-isolate for 14 days.

FRANCE – published 20.03.2020
Passengers arriving from a non-Schengen Member State are not allowed to enter France.
This does not apply to:
– nationals of EEA Member States, Switzerland and passengers with a British passport with nationality “British Citizen”, “British Overseas Territories Citizen” issued by Gibraltar, British Passports with a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom;
– passengers with residence permit issued by France;
– passengers with a residence permit issued by an EEA Member States, Switzerland or the United Kingdom on their way home;
– healthcare professionals, health researchers related to Coronavirus (Covid-19).

FIJI – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers and airline crew who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Europe, Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Spain, USA in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Fiji.
2. Passengers will be required to self-quarantine for 14 days.

FRENCH POLYNESIA – published 19.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter French Polynesia.
-This does not apply to residents of French Polynesia. They must have a “Carte de resident” with a validity of 10 years.

GABON – published 16.03.2020
Passengers who have been in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China (People’s Rep.), Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland (Rep.), Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, USA or the United Kingdom in the last 14 days are not allowed to enter Gabon.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Gabon.

GEORGIA – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Georgia.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Georgia.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
– This does not apply to representatives of diplomatic missions and international organizations and their family members accredited to Georgia.
– This does not apply to mixed families where one of the spouses or their under age child is a citizen of Georgia.
– This does not apply to passengers who are part of the humanitarian mission if trip of such mission (doctors, volunteers) becomes a necessity.
– This does not apply to passengers who have been granted the status of stateless persons by respective authorities of Georgia.
– This does not apply to passengers who are holding status neutral travel documents.
– This does not apply to passengers with a refugee status in Georgia.
2. Passengers with a residence permit issued by Georgia must get an OKTOBOARD before departing for Georgia.

GERMANY – published 18.02.2020
1. Passengers arriving from a non-Schengen Member State are not allowed to enter Germany.
This does not apply to:
– nationals of EEA Member States, Switzerland and passengers with a British passport with nationality “British Citizen”, “British Overseas Territories Citizen” issued by Gibraltar, British Passports with a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom;
– passengers with long-term right of residence (residence permit or longer-term visa) in an EEA Member States, Switzerland or the United Kingdom;
– family members of nationals of EEA Member States, Switzerland and of passengers with a British passport with nationality “British Citizen”, “British Overseas Territories Citizen” issued by Gibraltar, British Passports with a Certificate of Entitlement to the Right of Abode issued by the United Kingdom;
– healthcare professionals, health researchers or elderly care professionals;
– frontier workers;
– transport personnel including crew engaged in transport of goods;
– diplomats, staff of international organizations, military personnel and humanitarian workers in the exercise of their functions;
– passengers traveling for emergency family reasons;
– passengers in need of international protection or for other humanitarian reasons.
2. Passengers must present a completed Public Health Passenger Locator Form upon arrival.

GHANA – published 17.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in countries with more than 200 confirmed cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Ghana.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Ghana.
2. Nationals and residents of Ghana will be subjected to self-quarantine.
3. Any admissible passenger, who exhibits symptoms of Covid-19 will be quarantined and tested.

GREECE – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Greece.
– This does not apply to nationals of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden or Switzerland.
– This does not apply to family members of nationals of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden or Switzerland.
– This does not apply to passengers with a British passport and their family members.
– This does not apply to passengers with a residence permit issued by Greece. A certificate of application for renewal of a residence permit issued by Greece is not accepted.
– This does not apply to passengers with a residence permit issued by Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or United Kingdom.
– This does not apply to passengers with a long term visa issued by Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or United Kingdom.
– This does not apply to the following passengers:
a. Healthcare professionals and health researchers designated to support the national health care system.
b. government members, diplomats, staff of international organizations, military personnel and humanitarian aid workers in the exercise of their duties.
c. passengers in transit.
d. Aircraft flight crew.
e. passengers travelling for imperative family or business reasons provided that the relevant authorization has been obtained by the Greek embassy/consulate.
2. Passengers are required to be in isolation for a period of 14 days.
– This does not apply to airline crew.

GRENADA – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China (People’s Rep.), Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or the United Kingdom in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Grenada.
– This does not apply to nationals of Grenada.
– This does not apply to residents of Grenada.
2. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) are not allowed to enter Grenada.
3. Nationals and residents of Grenada who have been in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China (People’s Rep.), Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or the United Kingdom in the past 14 days will be put in quarantine upon arrival for a period of 14 days.

GUAM – published 18.03.2020
Passengers who have been in a country with confirmed COVID-19 cases for more than one week and do not hold a document recognized and certified by DPHSS (Guam Department of Social Health and Services), which confirms they are not infected with COVID-19, are not allowed to enter. The date of the test must be not more than 72 hours before the date of arrival. Passengers who enter Guam without proper documentation will be quarantined.
-This does not apply to residents of Guam.

GUATEMALA – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Guatemala.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Guatemala.
– This does not apply to accredited diplomats.
2. Nationals and residents of Guatemala must be in quarantine.
3. Accredited diplomats must be in quarantine.

HAITI – published 11.03.2020
Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days, are not allowed to enter Haiti.

HONDURAS – published 15.03.2020
Passengers arriving from Austria, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.), Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom are not allowed to enter Honduras.
-This does not apply to nationals of Honduras.

HONG KONG – published 20.03.2020
1. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) with a passport issued in Hubei Province (China People’s Rep.) are not allowed to enter Hong Kong (SAR China).
2. Passengers who reside or have been in the Hubei Province (China People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Hong Kong (SAR China).
– This does not apply to passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Hong Kong (SAR China).
3. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Iran or the Emilia-Romagna, Lombardy and Veneto regions (covering Bologna, Milan, Venice and Verona) in Italy in the past 14 days, are not allowed to enter if their permitted stay in Hong Kong (SAR China) is less than 14 days.
– This does not apply to passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport.
4. Passengers who reside or have been in the Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Hong Kong (SAR China).
– This does not apply to passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport. – This does not apply to passengers who reside in Hong Kong (SAR China).
5. All passengers who have been outside Hong Kong (SAR China) in the past 14 days are subject to a compulsory quarantine for 14 days.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
– This does not apply when passengers have only been in Chinese Taipei or Macao (SAR China) in the past 14 days.
6. All arriving passengers and crew members must present a completed Health Declaration Form to the Department of Health upon arrival.

HUNGARY – published 20.03.2020
Hungary’s borders are closed.
– This does not apply to nationals of Hungary and EEA nationals with a residence permit issued by Hungary.

INDIA – published 19.03.20201. All visa and e-visa are invalidated.
– This does not apply to diplomatic, official, UN/International Organizations, employment, project visas.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
2. Passengers with an OCI card are no longer visa exempt to India. This is effective till 15 April 2020.
3. Nationals of Japan and Korea (Rep.) can no longer obtain a visa on arrival.
4. Passengers who arrive from or have been in Italy or Korea (Rep.) with a visa issued after 5 March 2020 by India are only allowed to enter if they have a health certificate of being tested negative for Coronavirus (COVID-19) from a designated laboratory authorized by the health authorities of Italy or Korea (Rep.).
5. Passengers who arrive from Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey or United Kingdom are not allowed to enter.
– This does not apply to passengers with a diplomatic, official, UN/International Organizations, employment or project visa.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
6. Passengers who have been in Afghanistan, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey or United Kingdom on or after 15 February 2020 are not allowed to enter.
– This does not apply to passengers with a diplomatic, official, UN/International Organizations, employment or project visa.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
7. Passengers arriving from Afghanistan, Malaysia or Philippines are not allowed to enter India until 30 March 2020.
8. Passengers who arrive from or have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Spain after 15 February 2020, will be quarantined for a minimum period of 14 days.
9. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Kuwait, Oman, Qatar or United Arab Emirates are subject to compulsory quarantine for minimum 14 days.
10. Passengers are required to fill the self-declaration form in duplicate upon arrival.
11. All passengers must go thorough medical screening upon arrival.

INDONESIA – published 20.03.2020
1. All visa exemptions and visa on arrival to foreign passengers are suspended till 20 April 2020.
2. Passengers and airline crew who have been in France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom or Vatican City (Holy See) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter or transit through Indonesia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Indonesia.
3. Passengers with a Permanent Staying Permit (KITAP) or a Temporary Staying Permit (KITAS) are only allowed to enter Indonesia if they have a valid health certification issued by local health authorities in English stating they are fit for travel and free from respiratory disease. The certification must have been issued at latest 7 days prior to departure.
4. Passengers and airline crew who have been in China (People’s Rep.) or Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do Province in Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter or transit Indonesia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Indonesia.
– This does not apply to residents of Indonesia.
– This does not apply to the following passengers:
a. passengers with a visa issued by Indonesian Embassy; or
b. passengers with an Indonesian Permanent Residence Card; or
c. passengers with APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) coming from China (People’s Rep.) if they can show valid Certificate of Health free from Covid-19 from their local health authorities. Health certificate must be in English; or
d. passengers with Diplomatic Residence Permit and Official Residence Permit from China (People’s Rep.), Italy, Iran and Korea (Rep.) if they can show valid Certificate of Health free from Covid-19 from their local health authorities. The health certificate must be in English; or
e. passengers with expired Diplomatic Residence Permit and Official Residence Permit from China (People’s Rep.), Italy, Iran and Korea (Rep.) if they can show valid Diplomat ID card or valid Identity card as employee of Foreign Representative working in Indonesia which issue by Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They must also have valid Certificate of Health free from Covid-19 from their local health authorities. The health certificate must be in English.
5. Passengers who in the past 14 days have been in areas within Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) other than the following mentioned areas must provide a valid health certificate. The certificate must be in English and have been issued at latest 7 days prior to departure from local health authority. It should contain information of (1) fit for travel and (2) free from respiratory disease. – Tehran, Qom or Gilan in Iran; – Lombardi, Veneto, Emilia Romagna, Marche or Piedmont in Italy; – Daegu or Gyeongsangbuk-do Province in Korea (Rep.). This does not apply to nationals of Indonesia.
6. Passengers arriving from Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) are required to complete a Health Alert Card (Kartu Kewaspadaan Kesehatan) issued by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia prior to arrival.

IRAN – published 25.02.2020
1. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) with a normal passport, passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport and passengers with a Macao (SAR China) passport are no longer visa exempt. However, they can obtain a visa on arrival. They are required to clear the medical and health check upon arrival. After that they will be given a certificate.
2. Based on the travel advisory restriction issued by United Arab Emirates Government, nationals of United Arab Emirates are not allowed to travel to Iran.

IRAQ – published 18.03.2020
1.Passengers are not allowed to enter via Baghdad (BGW) until 24 March 2020, 23:00.
2.Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) are not allowed to enter.
3.Nationals of Iran are not allowed to enter.
-This does not apply at Erbil (EBL) and Sulaymaniyah (ISU).
4.Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Macao (SAR China), Singapore or Thailand in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Iraq.
-This does not apply at Erbil (EBL) and Sulaymaniyah (ISU).
-This does not apply to nationals and residents of Iraq who will be quarantined for 14 days.
5. Nationals of Iraq who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Macao (SAR China), Singapore or Thailand in the past 14 days will be quarantined for 14 days.
– This does not apply at Erbil (EBL) and Sulaymaniyah (ISU).
6.Nationals of Bahrain, France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea Rep., Kuwait, Qatar, Singapore, Spain and Thailand are not allowed to enter via Baghdad (BGW), Basra (BSR) and Najaf (NJF).
7.Passengers who have been in Bahrain, China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea Rep., Kuwait, Qatar, Singapore, Spain and Thailand in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter via Baghdad (BGW), Basra (BSR) and Najaf (NJF)
8. Nationals of Iran with a normal passport are not allowed to enter via Erbil (EBL) and Sulaymaniyah (ISU).
9.Nationals of Bahrain and Kuwait with a normal passport are not allowed to enter via Erbil (EBL) and Sulaymaniyah (ISU).
10.Passengers who have been in Iran on or after 1 January 2020 are not allowed to enter via Erbil (EBL) and Sulaymaniyah (ISU).
11.Passengers who have been in Bahrain, China (People’s Rep.), France, Hong Kong (SAR China), Italy, Japan, Korea Rep., Kuwait, Macao (SAR China), Singapore, Spain or Thailand, in the last 30 days are not allowed to enter via Erbil (EBL) and Sulaymaniyah (ISU).
12.Passengers who have been in Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland Rep., Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or the United Kingdom in the last 30 days, when arriving at Erbil (EBL) and Sulaymaniyah (ISU) will be quarantined.
13.Nationals of Iraq who on or after 1 January 2020 have been in Bahrain, China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea Rep., Kuwait, Macao (SAR China), Singapore, or Thailand, when arriving at Erbil (EBL) and Sulaymaniyah (ISU) will be quarantined.

ISRAEL – published 18.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Israel.
This does not apply to nationals of Israel.
This does not apply to residents of Israel.
This does not apply to passengers that have a specific entry approval from the population and Immigration Authority of Israel.

ITALY – published 19.03.2020
1.Passengers traveling as tourists are not allowed to enter via airports in below listed areas.
2.Passengers arriving at airports in below listed areas, are allowed to enter if they are traveling on business, for health reasons, in an emergency or if they reside in one of these areas. A completed “Self-declaration” form must be presented upon arrival.
– Areas: Lombardy region and the provinces of Alessandria, Asti, Modena, Novara, Padova, Parma, Pesaro and Urbino, Piacenza, Reggio Emilia, Rimini, Treviso-Venice, Verbano – Cusio – Ossola and Vercelli.
3. Passengers must report to the regional Health Office upon arrival in Italy and be quarantined for 14 days.
– This does not apply to passengers traveling on urgent working purposes with a written declaration. They are allowed to enter for 72 hours with a possible extension of 24 hours.

JAMAICA – published 16.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Chinese Taipei, France, Germany, Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Macao (SAR China), Singapore, Spain or United Kingdom in the last 14 days will not be allowed to enter Jamaica.
-This does not apply to nationals and residents of Jamaica.
2.Nationals of Jamaica and residents of Jamaica, who have been in the above-mentioned countries in the last 14 days will be subject to health assessment and quarantine.
3.Passengers who have been in the above-mentioned countries and have been granted landing privileges will be assessed by the Ministry of Health and Wellness and:
– those classified as high risk will be quarantined in government facilities;
– those classified as low-risk will be quarantined at home under the supervision of the Parish Health Department.
– those who display any symptom of Coronavirus (COVID-19) will be placed in immediate isolation at a health facility.

JAPAN – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in the Hubei Province or Zhejiang Province (China People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Japan.
– This does not apply to nationals of Japan;
– This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of Japan if they can prove it.
2. Passengers who have been in Cheongdo County or Daegu City in Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Japan.
– This does not apply to nationals of Japan;
– This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of Japan if they can prove it.
3. Passengers who have been in Gyeongsan-si, Andong-si , Yeongcheon-si, Chilgok-gun, Uiseong-gun, Seongju-gun or Gunwi-gun in Gyeongsangbuk-do in Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Japan.
-This does not apply to nationals of Japan.
-This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of Japan if they can prove it.
4. Passengers who have been in the provinces of Alborz, Gilan, Golestan, Isfahan, Lorestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Qom, Semnan or Tehran in Iran in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Japan. –
This does not apply to nationals of Japan.
– This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of Japan if they can prove it.
5. Passengers who have been in San Marino or Aosta Valley, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Piedmont, Trentino-South Tyrol or Veneto in Italy in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Japan.
– This does not apply to nationals of Japan.
– This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of Japan if they can prove it.
6. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) with a passport issued in Hubei Province or Zhejiang Province (China People’s Rep.) are not allowed to enter Japan.
– This does not apply when passengers can prove that they have not been in Hubei Province and Zhejiang Province the last 14 days.
7. Passengers who were in the cruise ship ‘Westerdam’ are not allowed to enter Japan. – This does not apply to nationals of Japan.
8. Visas issued on or before 8 March 2020 by the Embassies, Consulates-General and Consulate of Japan in China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China) or Korea (Rep.) are invalidated.
9. Visa exemptions for passengers with a British National (Overseas) passport, passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport, passengers with a Macao (SAR China) passport and nationals of Korea (Rep.) have been suspended till 31 March 2020.
Effective 19 March 2020:
Passengers who have been in Iceland, Spain (Community of Madrid, Basque Autonomous Community, La Rioja or Chartered Community of Navarre) or Switzerland (Canton of Ticino or Basel-Stadt) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Japan.
– This does not apply to nationals of Japan.
– This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of Japan if they can prove it.

JORDAN – published 18.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Jordan.


KAZAKHSTAN – published 17.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter and exit from/to Kazakhstan starting from 08:00 of 16 March 2020, until further notice (official source http://www.mfa.kz/en/).
– This does not apply to nationals of Kazakhstan, who left the country – upon their return.
– This does not apply to nationals of Kazakhstan, who travelling abroad for treatment – supporting documents from medical institutes are required.
– This does not apply to foreigners departing from Kazakhstan
– This does not apply to staff of the diplomatic service of Kazakhstan and foreign states and members of their families, as well as members of delegations of foreign states and international organizations traveling to Kazakhstan at the invitation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
– This does not apply to crewmembers of train, locomotive, aircraft and sea crews;
– This does not apply to service personnel of foreign cross-border facilities on the territory of Kazakhstan and service personnel of Kazakh cross-border facilities on the territory of neighboring states;
– This does not apply to foreigners (stateless persons), holders of Kazakh residence permits;
– This does not apply to foreigners who are family members of citizens of Kazakhstan (subject to confirmation of kinship – spouses, parents and children).

KENYA – published 18.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Kenya.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Kenya.

KIRIBATI – published 04.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in Australia, China (People’s Rep.), Egypt, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Malaysia, Singapore, Spain, Thailand, USA, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom or Viet Nam are not allowed to enter Kiribati. They must have stayed in a country with no confirmed cases of Coronavirus (COVID-19) for a period of minimum 14 days before entering Kiribati. They must provide a medical clearance to confirm that they are free from the Coronavirus (COVID-19).
2. Passengers must fill-in a “Health Arrival Form” and e-tickets must be provided to the immigration at time of arrival.

KOREA (REP.) – published 18.03.2020
1. Visitors who have been in the Hubei Province (China People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Korea (Rep.).
2. Nationals of China (People’s Rep) with a passport issued in the Hubei Province are not allowed to enter Korea (Rep.).
3. Korean visas issued by the Wuhan Consulate in the Hubei Province are invalidated.
4. A visa is required to transit through Korea (Rep.) for: – nationals of China (People’s Rep.) arriving from China (People’s Rep); and – visa required nationals arriving from China (People’s Rep.).
5. Visitors arriving from Japan who have been in the cruise ship ‘Diamond Princess’ are not allowed to transit or enter (Korea Rep.).
6. Visas issued to nationals of Japan (at Korean Diplomatic Missions in Japan) before 9 March 2020 are invalidated.
– This does not apply to visas issued outside Japan. Such visas remain valid.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
7. Nationals of Japan who do not hold a Korean visa issued on or after 9 March 2020 will not be allowed entry.
8. Passengers arriving from any country will be subject to quarantine procedures. They must install a self-diagnosis application in their personal device and a completed Health Declaration Form and a Special Quarantine Declaration Form must be presented to the quarantine desk upon arrival.
– This does not apply to airline crew.

KOREA (DEM. PEOPLE’S REP.) – published 06.02.2020
1. Passengers traveling as tourists are not allowed to enter.
2. Passengers traveling on business or duty must spend 14 days in quarantine upon arrival.

KOSOVO (REP.) – published 07.02.2020 Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) are not allowed to enter Kosovo (Rep.).
– This does not apply when they travel with a medical certificate proving they are free from Coronavirus (COVID-19).
– This does not apply to airline crew.

KUWAIT – published 12.03.2020
1.Nationals of Kuwait are allowed to enter with a national ID card if they used the card when they departed from Kuwait.
2.Nationals of Kuwait who have been in Bangladesh, China (People’s Rep.), Egypt, Hong Kong (SAR China), India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Korea Rep., Lebanon, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syria or Thailand in the past 14 days must:
– obtain prior approval to enter from Kuwait Immigration Authorities, and – complete Ministry of Health’s form of acknowledgement.
3.Nationals of Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are no longer allowed to enter with a national ID card, they must have a passport.
4.Passengers with a (Hong Kong SAR China) passport and nationals of Italy, Japan, Korea Rep. and Singapore can obtain an emergency visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 7 days if they have not been in Bangladesh, China (People’s Rep.), Egypt, Hong Kong (SAR China), India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Korea Rep., Lebanon, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syria or Thailand in the past 14 days.
5.Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) and Thailand with a residence permit issued by a GCC Member States can obtain emergency visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 7 days if they have not been in Bangladesh, China (People’s Rep.), Egypt, Hong Kong (SAR China), India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Korea Rep., Lebanon, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syria or Thailand in the past 14 days; and – their profession is: doctor, lawyer, engineer, advisers, judge, pilot, member of the public prosecution, university teacher, journalist, press and media staff, system analyst, pharmacist, manager, computer programmer, businessman, diplomatic corps, owner or manager or representative of commercial companies.
6.Passengers who have been in Bangladesh, China (People’s Rep.), Egypt, Hong Kong (SAR China), India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Korea Rep., Lebanon, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syria or Thailand in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Kuwait. – This does not apply to nationals of Kuwait.
7.Immediate family members of nationals of Kuwait are allowed to enter if:
– traveling with the national of Kuwaiti, or
– prior approval to enter is obtained from Kuwait Immigration Authorities. 8.Domestic personnel are allowed to enter Kuwait if traveling with the Kuwaiti Sponsor.
Effective 13 March 2020: All passengers are not allowed to enter Kuwait.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Kuwait.
– This does not apply to the immediate relatives and the domestic workers of nationals of Kuwait.

KYRGYZSTAN – published 20.03.2020
Flights to Kyrgyzstan are suspended.

LATVIA – published 17.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to transit or enter Latvia.
– This does not apply to nationals and permanent residents of Latvia.

LEBANON – published 18.03.2020
Effective 19 March 2020, passengers are not allowed to enter Lebanon until 29 March 2020.

LITHUANIA – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Lithuania
-This does not apply to nationals of Lithuania
-This does not apply to residents of Lithuania
2. Returning nationals and residents of Lithuania are subject to 14 days isolation.
3. Transit through Lithuania is only possible for passengers returning to their country of residence.
4. Effective from 23 March 2020, passengers will not be allowed to transit through Lithuania.

MACAO (SAR CHINA) – published 14.02.2020
1. Visitors who reside or have been in the Hubei Province (Chine People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Macao (SAR China) unless they prove with a valid certificate that they are not infected with the Coronavirus (COVID-19).
2. Passengers with a Macao (SAR China) passport and those residing in Macao (SAR China) who have been in the Hubei Province (Chine People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days must fill-in a Health Declaration Form. 3. Passengers who have been in Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) will be subject to quarantine for 14 days.

MADAGASCAR – published 29.02.2020
Passengers and airline crew who have transited through or have been in China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy, Korea Rep. in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Madagascar.

MALAYSIA – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Malaysia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Malaysia.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of Malaysia.
– This does not apply to passengers with a diplomatic passport.
2.Nationals and residents of Malaysia are required to be self-quarantined for 14 days.
3. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) with a passport issued in Hubei, Zhejiang or Jiangsu Province (China People’s Rep.) are not allowed to enter Malaysia.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Malaysia.
4. Passengers who have been in the Hubei, Zhejiang or Jiangsu Provinces (China People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Malaysia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Malaysia and passengers who reside in Malaysia.
5. Passengers who have been in Hokkaido in Japan in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit and enter Malaysia. – This does not apply to nationals of Malaysia.
– This does not apply to Malaysian permanent residents, Malaysian social pass holders and Malaysian student passes holders.
6. Malaysian Permanent Residents and Pass Holders (Long Term Social Visit Pass and Student Pass) who have been to Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) in the last 14 days must undergo health screening by the Ministry of Health (KKM).
7. Operating Airline Crew who are nationals of China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy and Korea (Rep,) will be subject to health screening upon arrival.
Effective 13 March 2020:
8. Nationals of Iran, Italy and Korea (Rep.) are not allowed to enter.
9. Passengers who have been in Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Malaysia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Malaysia.
– This does not apply to Malaysian permanent residents, Malaysian social pass holders and Malaysian student passes holders.

MALDIVES – published 17.03.2020
1. Passengers and airline crew who have been in Bangladesh, China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy, Malaysia, Spain, United Kingdom or in North Gyeongsang and South Gyeongsang Provinces in Korea (Rep.), Ile-de-France and Grand Est (regions of France) and Bavaria, North Rhine Westphalia and Baden-Wuerttemberg (regions of Germany) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter the Maldives.
– This does not apply to nationals of Maldives and their spouses.
2. A completed “Health Declaration Card” and an “Immigration Arrival Card” must be presented upon arrival.

MALTA – published 20.03.2020
Flights to Malta are suspended.

MARSHALL ISL. – published 17.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Marshall Isl. until 5 April 2020.

MAURITIUS – published 19.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Mauritius until 2 April 2020, 6:00GMT.
– This does not apply to nationals of Mauritius, their spouses and children. They will be placed in quarantine.
– This does not apply to residents of Mauritius, their spouses and children. They will be placed in quarantine.

MICRONESIA (FEDERATED STATES) – published 15.03.2020
Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.) on or after 6 January 2020, are not allowed to enter Micronesia (Federated States).
– This does not apply to airline crew.
– This does not apply to passengers arriving from Guam or Hawaii. They will be subject to mandatory quarantine upon arrival.

MOLDOVA – published 16.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Moldova (Rep.).
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Moldova (Rep.).

MONGOLIA – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Mongolia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Mongolia.
– This does not apply to residents of Mongolia who are direct family members of a national of Mongolia.
2. Nationals of Mongolia will be placed in quarantine for 14 days.
3. Residents of Mongolia who are direct family members of a national of Mongolia will be placed in quarantine for 14 days.

MONTENEGRO – published 15.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Montenegro.
– This does not apply to nationals of Montenegro.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Montenegro.
2. Nationals and residents of Montenegro will be required to self-isolate for 14 days.

MYANMAR – published 18.03.2020
1. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) traveling to Myanmar can no longer obtain a visa on arrival.
2. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) can not transit without visa (TWOV) in Myanmar.
3. Passengers arriving from China (People’s Rep.) on any Chinese airline can no longer obtain a visa on arrival.
4. Passengers who have been in Hubei Province of China (People’s Rep.) and Daegu and Gyeongbuk Regions of Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Myanmar.
– This does not apply to nationals of Myanmar. They are subject to 14-day quarantine upon arrival in Myanmar.
5. Passengers who have been in areas other than Daegu and Gyeongbuk Regions of Korea (Rep.) are required to present a medical certificate that proves no symptoms of acute respiratory illness prior to boarding. They are subject to 14-day quarantine at their home or hotel upon arrival in Myanmar.
6. All passengers who have been in France, Germany, Iran, Italy or Spain in the past 14 days are subject to quarantine for 14 days.
NAURU – published 07.03.2020
1. Passengers who have transited through or have been in China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) in the past 21 days are not allowed to enter Nauru.
2. Passengers must complete a Health Declaration Card and submit it to the Health Personnel when arriving in Nauru. They will undergo health screening before entering Nauru.

NETHERLANDS – published 19.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter The Netherlands
-This does not apply to nationals of EEA Member States and Switzerland.
-This does not apply to British Nationals.
-This does not apply to passengers with a residence permit issued to long term residents of EEA Member States, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
-This does not apply to passengers with a long-stay visa, including persons with a temporary residence permit (Machtiging Voor Voorlopig Verblijf – MVV).
-This does not apply to
– family members of nationals of Switzerland, EEA Member States and of British nationals;
– healthcare personnel;
– frontier workers;
– transport of goods personnel;
– diplomats;
– personnel of international and humanitarian organizations,
– military personnel;
– passengers traveling for emergency family reasons;
– passengers in need of international protection or for other humanitarian reasons.

NEPAL – published 13.03.2020
1. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy, Japan and Korea (Rep.) can no longer obtain a visa on arrival. They must obtain a visa before departure and have a medical certificate proving they are free from Coronavirus (COVID-19).
2. Passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport can no longer obtain a visa on arrival. They must obtain a visa before departure and have a medical certificate proving they are free from Coronavirus (COVID-19).
3. Passengers with a Macao (SAR China) passport can no longer obtain a visa on arrival. They must obtain a visa before departure and have a medical certificate proving they are free from Coronavirus (COVID-19).
4. All visa on arrivals have been suspended till 30 April 2020.
5. Passengers with a visa must submit a swab test PCR health certificate to the immigration office KTM. The certificate must be issued maximum 7 days before their arrival in Nepal.
6. Passengers are subject to self-quarantine for 14 days from the date of arrival.
7. Passengers can only land at Kathmandu (KTM).

NEW CALEDONIA – published 18.03.2020
All passengers arriving in New Caledonia will be self-isolated for 14 days at their home or hotel. Checks will be undertaken by the local the authorities.
Passengers with symptoms (cough and fever) will be placed in quarantine at the hospital until their screening test is negative.

NEW ZEALAND – published 20.03.2020
New Zealand borders are closed from 20 March 2020.
– This does not apply to nationals of New Zealand, permanent residents and residents with valid travel conditions, and their immediate family.
– This does not apply to nationals Australia and permanent residents if New Zealand is their primary place of established residence.
– This does not apply to diplomats accredited to New Zealand and currently resident in New Zealand.

NIUE – published 20.03.2020
Passengers who have been in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China (People’s Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (SAR China), Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Macao (SAR China), Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, USA or United Kingdom in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Niue.
– This does not apply to nationals and resident of Niue and to airline crew.

NORTH MACEDONIA – published 14.03.2020
1. Passengers arriving from China (People’s Rep.), Italy, Iran, Korea (Rep.), France, Spain or Germany are not allowed to enter North Macedonia (Rep.) unless they submit a certificate for regulated quarantine issued by an authorized agency.
2. Nationals and residents of North Macedonia (Rep.) who have been in the last 14 days in the countries listed below will be subject to compulsory 14-day self-isolation: Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China (People’s Rep.), Czechia, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Qatar, San Marino, Singapore, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and USA.
3. Passengers who have been in the last 14 days in the countries listed below will be subject to compulsory 14-day self-isolation:
Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China (People’s Rep.), Czechia, Denmark, Egypt, Greece, Iceland, Israel, India, Iraq, Japan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Qatar, San Marino, Singapore, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and USA.
4.Passengers that do not have a residence in North Macedonia (Rep.) must have evidence of booked accommodation.

NORWAY – published 20.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Norway.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Norway.
– This does not apply to nationals of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and passengers with a British passport if they are residing or working in Norway. If they cannot prove their residency in Norway, they must be able to prove their nationality in one of the countries listed above.
– This does not apply to passengers with a visa issued by Norway after 15 March 2020.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
– This does not apply to passengers in transit.
– This does not apply to passengers who have a particular responsibility to care for residents of Norway or who have strong welfare reasons.
– This does not apply to the following passengers:
passengers with a diplomatic or service passport when they are accredited to Norway;
passengers with an ID card as diplomat or a Schengen residence card issued to diplomatic staff;
transit workers to oil platforms and similar;
NATO staff with travel order;
passengers with a valid flight certificate on duty;
seamen in transit to or from ships;
professional transporters of goods;
media staff on duty;
cruise passengers on cruises that started before 16 March 0800 CET transiting Norway to return home.
2. The following passengers must undergo a 14-day home quarantine:
– nationals and residents of Norway;
– nationals of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and passengers with a British passport if they are residing or working in Norway;
– passengers who have a particular responsibility to care for residents of Norway or who have strong welfare reasons.
3. All crew and passengers must fill out the public health information form and hand it over to the local airport authority upon arrival.
4. Passengers are only allowed to travel to Svalbard after they have stayed in quarantined in other parts of Norway.

OMAN – published 18.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Oman.
– This does not apply to nationals of Oman.

PALAU – published 06.02.2020
Passengers who have transited through or have been in China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China) or Macao (SAR China) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Palau.

PANAMA: published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Panama.
– This does not apply to nationals of Panama.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Panama.
2. Nationals and residents of Panama must be in home quarantine for 14 days.

PAPUA NEW GUINEA: published 18.03.2020
Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy, Japan or Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Papua New Guinea. They must have spent 14 consecutive days in a country that is free from Coronavirus (COVID-19).

PARAGUAY – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter or transit Paraguay.
– This does not apply to nationals of Paraguay.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Paraguay.
– This does not apply to passengers who are in a diplomatic mission.
2. Nationals and residents of Paraguay will be placed in quarantine for 14 days.
3. Passengers who are in a diplomatic mission will be placed in quarantine for 14 days.

PERU – published 17.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Peru.

PHILIPPINES – published 15.03.2020
1. Passengers who have transited through or have been in China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China) or Macao (SAR China) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter the Philippines.
– This does not apply to nationals of the Philippines. They will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days from their arrival into the Philippines.
– This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of the Philippines. They will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days from their arrival into the Philippines.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of the Philippines. They will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days from their arrival into the Philippines.
2.Passengers who have transited through or have been in the North Gyeongsang Province (including Daegu and Cheongdo Country) of Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter the Philippines.
– This does not apply to nationals of the Philippines.
– This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of the Philippines.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of the Philippines.
Effective 16 March 2020:
Passengers who have transited through or have been in Iran or Italy in the past 14 days are required to present a Medical Clearance or Health Declaration Certificate, issued by Health Authority within 48 hours prior to arrival and certifying that the passenger is free from Coronavirus (COVID-19).
– This does not apply to nationals of the Philippines.
– This does not apply to spouses or children of nationals of the Philippines.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of the Philippines.
Passengers who have transited through or have been in Iran or Italy in the past 14 days, are required to undergo a 14-day quarantine.

POLAND – published 15.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Poland.
2. Entry into Poland is still allowed for:
a) Nationals of Poland, their spouses and children.
b) Passengers who are under permanent custody of nationals of Poland.
c) Passengers with a temporary or permanent residence permit.
d) Passengers with a Pole’s Card.
e) Passengers with a voivode’s permit to enter a voivodship to which they are traveling.
f) Heads of diplomatic missions and members of the diplomatic and consular personnel of a mission (with a diplomatic rank).
g) Airline crew.

PORTUGAL – published 20.03.2020
Flights to Portugal are suspended until 17 April 2020.
-This does not apply to flights arriving from Angola, Austria, Belgium, Brazil (Sao Paulo (GRU) and Rio De Janeiro (RIO) airports only), Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mozambique, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sao Tome and Principe, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, USA, United Kingdom or Venezuela.
– This does not apply to flights bringing back nationals and residence of Portugal.

QATAR – published 18.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Qatar.
– This does not apply to nationals of Qatar.

ROMANIA – published 16.03.2020
1. Passengers who transited through or have been in China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) are not allowed to enter Romania.
This does not apply to nationals of Romania and residents of Romania.
2. Nationals and residents of Romania who transited through or have been in China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) in the last 14 days will be put into quarantine/self-isolation and must fill a declaration form.
3. Passengers who show no symptoms and arrive from countries with more than 500 confirmed COV cases will be put into 14 days of self-isolation and must fill a declaration form.

RUSSIAN FED. – published 20.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter Russian Fed.
– This does not apply to nationals of Russian Fed.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of Russian Fed., airline crew, diplomats, official delegations and passengers whose visit concerns death of direct relative.
2. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) are not allowed to enter Russian Fed.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Russian Fed.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
3. Passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) or Macao (SAR China) passport are not allowed to enter Russian Fed.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Russian Fed.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
4. Nationals of Iran and Italy are not allowed to enter Russian Fed.
5. Passengers arriving from Iran or Italy are not allowed to enter the Russian Fed.
– This does not apply to nationals of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russian Fed.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Russian Fed.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
– This does not apply to official delegations.
6. Passengers who have been in Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, China (People’s Rep.), Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom or USA and are planning to stay in Moscow must report to the special hotline by phone. They must stay self-isolated in Moscow for a period of 14 days or for the duration of their stay if less than 14 days.
– This does not apply to crew members.
7. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Korea (Rep.), Iran, Italy or Spain and are staying in St. Petersburg (LED) are recommended to stay self-isolated for a period of 14 days or for the duration of their stay if less than 14 days.
– This does not apply to crew members.


SAMOA – published 05.03.2020
1. All travelers, including returning residents entering Samoa, must have a medical certificate issued by a registered medical practitioner issued within 3 days before their arrival into Samoa.
2. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Bahrain, China (People’s Rep.), Chinese Taipei, France, Germany, Hong Kong (SAR China), Italy, Iran, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Kuwait, Macao (SAR China), Singapore, Spain or Thailand are not allowed to enter Samoa unless they have spent a period of 14 days in quarantine in a country that is free from Coronavirus (COVID-19).They must also have medical clearance in form of a medical certificate issued within 3 days before arrival. The medical certificate must also show proof of a COVID-19 test performed by a registered medical practitioner.
3. Passengers must have a medical certificate issued by a Registered Medical Practitioner within 3 days before their arrival into Samoa.

SAMOA (AMERICAN) – published 18.03.2020
1.Nationals of the USA and residents of Samoa (American) who transited or have been in Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas, Washington or Wisconsin, are subject to Public Health screening and might be medically or home quarantined.
2.Entry Permits, issued by Samoa (American) instead of visas, are suspended.
– This does not apply to residents of Samoa (American) with residence permit or an Immigration Board approval.
3.Passengers arriving from Samoa must:
– obtain a health clearance from Ministry of Health (MOH) 3 days prior to arrival;
– present a completed “DOT Travel Declaration Form” upon arrival.
4.Passengers who transited or have been in countries affected by Coronavirus (COVI-19), when arriving from Hawaii, must:
-spend 14 days in Hawaii; and
-obtain a health clearance 3 days before arrival in Samoa (American); and
-present a completed “DOT Travel Declaration Form” upon arrival; and
-provide itinerary upon arrival.

SAUDI ARABIA – published 15.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Saudi Arabia.
-This does not apply to nationals of Saudi Arabia.

SERBIA – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter and transit in Serbia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Serbia.
– This does not apply to residents of Serbia.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
– This does not apply to passengers with a special permission issued by the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Interior or the Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure.
– This does not apply to accredited members of diplomatic missions, international organizations, humanitarian missions, and their family members.
2. Nationals and residents of Serbia arriving from Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Iran, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, Spain or Switzerland are required to self-isolate for a period of 28 days.
3. Nationals and residents of Serbia arriving from any other country are required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days.
4. Accredited members of diplomatic missions, international organizations, humanitarian missions, and passengers with a special permission issued by the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Interior or the Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure, and their family members, arriving from Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Iran, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, Spain or Switzerland are required to self-isolate for a period of 28 days.
5. Accredited members of diplomatic missions, international organizations, humanitarian missions, and passengers with a special permission issued by the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Interior or the Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure, and their family members, arriving from any other country are required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days.

SEYCHELLES – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers and airline crew who have been in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China (People’s Rep.), Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (SAR China), Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao (SAR China), Malta, Mayotte, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Reunion, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or the United Kingdom in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Seychelles.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Seychelles.
2. Passengers residing in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China (People’s Rep.), Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (SAR China), Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao (SAR China), Malta, Mayotte, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Reunion, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or the United Kingdom are not allowed to transit or enter Seychelles.
– This does not apply to nationals of Seychelles.
3. Nationals and residents of Seychelles who have been in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China (People’s Rep.), Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (SAR China), Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao (SAR China), Malta, Mayotte, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Reunion, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or the United Kingdom in the past 14 days will be put in quarantine for a period of 14 days upon arrival.

SIERRA LEONE – published 24.02.2020
Passengers who have transited through or have been in China (People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days, will be subject to immediate quarantine.

SINGAPORE – published 17.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Spain in the last 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Singapore.
– This does not apply to returning residents of Singapore (Singapore Citizens, Permanent Residents or Long-Term Pass Holders(including holders of Work Pass, Student’s Pass, Dependant’s Pass, and Long-Term Visit Pass)). If they have been in Hubei Province (China People’s Rep.) within the last 14 days, they will be quarantined for 14 days upon entry into Singapore. For others, they will be issued a 14-day Stay-Home-Notice (SHN) upon entry into Singapore.
2. Passengers who have been in Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Lao People’s Dem. Rep., Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Switzerland, Thailand, Vietnam or the United Kingdom in the last 14 days will be issued a 14-day SHN upon entry into Singapore. In addition, they will have to provide proof of the place where they will serve the 14-day SHN, such as a hotel booking covering the entire period, or a place of residence they or their family members own.
– This does not apply to passengers who are transiting in Singapore without leaving the airport transit area.
3. Nationals of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People’s Dem. Rep., Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam will have to submit requisite information on their health to the Singapore Overseas Mission in the country they are resident before their intended date of travel. The submission will have to be approved by Singapore’s Ministry of Health (MOH) before travel to Singapore, and the approval will be verified by the Singapore Immigration and Checkpoints Authority (ICA) officers at the immigration checkpoint for entry into Singapore.
– This does not apply to passengers who are transiting in Singapore without leaving the airport transit area.
4. For work pass holders who have been in Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, France, Germany, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Lao People’s Dem. Rep., Malaysia, mainland China (People’s Rep.), Myanmar, the Philippines, Spain, Switzerland, Thailand, Vietnam or the United Kingdom within the last 14 days, they are allowed to enter Singapore, subjected to the Ministry of Manpower’s (MOM) prior approval. They are required to show the MOM’s approval letter to airline staff upon check-in and before boarding, as well as to ICA officers at the immigration checkpoint upon their arrival in Singapore.
5. Foreign domestic workers (FDWs) are allowed to enter Singapore, subjected to the MOM’s prior approval. They will be required to show the MOM’s approval letter to the airline staff at check-in and before boarding at the point of departure, as well as to ICA officers at the immigration checkpoint upon their arrival in Singapore.
– The entry approval requirement will apply to new and existing FDWs travelling to Singapore. New FDWs will require an In-Principle Approval Letter from MOM. Existing FDWs will require a valid MOM-issued Work Permit (Domestic Sector) Pass.
6. Nationals of China (People’s Rep.) with a passport issued in Hubei Province (China People’s Rep.) are not allowed to transit or enter Singapore.
– This does not apply to returning residents of Singapore (Permanent Residents or Long-Term Pass Holders(including holders of Work Pass, Student’s Pass, Dependant’s Pass, and Long-Term Visit Pass) ). They will be quarantined for 14 days upon entry into Singapore.
7. The issuance of all forms of new visas and previously issued visas to nationals of China (People’s Rep) and Iran have been suspended. During this period of suspension, they will not be allowed entry into Singapore.
8. Passengers and crew members who were on the cruise ship “Diamond Princess” are not allowed to transit or enter Singapore from 19 February 2020 to 18 March 2020.
– This does not apply to returning residents of Singapore (Permanent Residents or Long-Term Pass Holders(including holders of Work Pass, Student’s Pass, Dependant’s Pass, and Long-Term Visit Pass) ). They will be quarantined for 14 days upon entry into Singapore.
9. Passengers with an Approved Letter for Entry from the Singapore Immigration & Checkpoints Authority will not be subject to the above restrictions. However, they may still be subjected to the prevailing health screening requirement upon arriving at Singapore airport. Possession of an Approved Letter for Entry does not guarantee the issuance of a Visit Pass to enter Singapore.

SOLOMON ISL. – published 15.03.2020
1. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong (SAR China), Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Kuwait, Macao (SAR China), Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Qatar, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or Thailand in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Solomon Isl.
– This does not apply to nationals of Solomon Isl.
2. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Congo (Dem. Rep.), Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire, Cyprus, Czechia, Dominican Rep., Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Georgia, Gibraltar, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland (Rep.), Jamaica, Jordan, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Maldives, Mexico, Moldova (Rep.), Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, New Zealand, Nigeria, North Macedonia (Rep.), Oman, Pakistan, Palestinian Territory, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Fed., San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Togo, Turkey, USA, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Vatican City (Holy See) or Viet Nam in the past 14 days may be subject to immediate quarantine or isolation as applicable.

SOMALIA – published 16.03.2020
Passengers arriving from China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) are not allowed to enter Somalia.

SOUTH AFRICA – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Spain, USA or United Kingdom are not allowed to transit or enter South Africa.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of South Africa.
2. Passengers who have been in Hong Kong (SAR China), Portugal and Singapore are subject to extra screening.
3. A completed health questionnaire must be presented to Port Health upon arrival.

SRI LANKA – published 18.03.2020
All the airports are closed from 04:00 local time on 19 March 2020 until 23:59 local time on 25 March 2020.

ST. HELENA – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter St. Helena.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of St. Helena.
– This does not apply to passengers with a long-term permit.
– This does not apply to temporary contractors.
– This does not apply to sponsor Technical Cooperation Officers.
– This does not apply to passengers to Ascension.
– This does not apply to persons authorized in advance by the Governor.
2. Self-isolation for 14 days is mandatory when entering St. Helena.

ST.KITTS AND NEVIS – published 19.03.2020
Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Singapore, Spain or United Kingdom will be screened and put into a mandatory quarantine of 14 days if deemed necessary.

ST. LUCIA – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Singapore, Spain or United Kingdom in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of St. Lucia.
2. Passengers who have been in the USA and who develop respiratory signs and symptoms will be isolated and tested for COVID-19.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of St. Lucia.
3. Nationals and residents of St. Lucia with a travel history to China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), France, Germany, Iran, Japan, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Singapore, Spain, USA or United Kingdom will be quarantined for 14 days.

ST. MAARTEN – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter St. Maarten.
-This does not apply to residents of St. Maarten or Saint Martin (FWI). They must hold a proof of residence, which can be a St. Maarten/ Saint Martin driving license or a St. Maarten ID/ Saint Martin carte d’identite or a St. Maarten/Saint Martin registration document.
-This does not apply to airline crew.
-This does not apply to passengers who are specialists with evidence of traveling at the invitation of the Government of St. Maarten.
2. Residents of St. Maarten must self-quarantine for 14 days.
3. Airline crew that are overnighting must undergo a mandatory self-quarantine.


ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES – published 24.02.2020
Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Japan, Korea (Rep.), Macao (SAR China) or Singapore in the past 14 days will not be allowed to enter St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

SUDAN – published 17.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to transit or enter Sudan.

SWEDEN – published 20.03.2020
Passengers not arriving from Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia or Spain are not allowed to enter.
– This does not apply to nationals of Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.
– This does not apply to passengers with a residence permit issued by Sweden.
– This does not apply to passengers with a national visa issued by Sweden.
– This does not apply to the following passengers:
a. healthcare personnel;
b. border workers;
c. personnel transporting goods and other personnel in the transport sector to the necessary extent;
d. persons covered by Chapter 2. Section 10 of the Aliens Act (2005: 716);
e. persons working in international organizations, military personnel and relief workers;
f. passengers in transit;
g. persons with urgent family reasons;
h. persons in need of international protection or for other humanitarian reasons.

SWITZERLAND – published 19.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Switzerland.
– This does not apply if arriving from Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia or Sweden.
– This does not apply to nationals or residents of Switzerland.
– This does not apply to passenger with a cross-border commuter permit, a visa issued by Switzerland for the purpose of “business meetings” as specialists in the field of health or “official visit” of great importance, or who have an assurance of a residence permit.
– This does not apply to passengers who are entitled to freedom of movement and have a professional reason for entering Switzerland and have a confirmation of registration.
– This does not apply to passengers who are of great importance as specialists in the health sector.

TAJIKISTAN – published 19.03.2020
Passengers who have been in Afghanistan, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.), Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, Iran, Italy, France, Korea (Rep.), Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Norway, the Netherlands or USA will be quarantined for up to 14 days upon arrival.

THAILAND – published 20.03.2020
Items 1 and 2 are effective 00:00 local time 22 March 2020:
1. Nationals of Thailand must have a ‘FIT TO FLY’ medical certificate issued by a Thai Embassy or Consular.
2. All passengers other than nationals of Thailand must have:
– a Health Certificate and Lab Test COVID-19 to prove they are free from Coronavirus (COVID-19). The Health Certificate and Lab Test COVID-19 must be valid for not more than 72 hours prior to departure.
– a medical insurance with coverage of 100,000 USD.

3. Passengers arriving from China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) must have a Health Certificate as well as Lab Test COVID-19 to prove they are free from Coronavirus (COVID-19). The Health Certificate and Lab Test COVID-19 must be valid for not more than 2 days prior to departure.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
4. Passengers arriving from China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) must have a medical insurance with coverage of 100,000 USD.
– This does not apply to nationals of Thailand.
– This does not apply to airline crew.
5. Passengers and crew members must present a completed T.8 health questionnaire to Health Control Office upon arrival.
6. Crew members not based in Thailand arriving from China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) will be quarantined at the hotel until next departure schedule.
7. Crew members based in Thailand arriving from China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) will be quarantined at home until next departure schedule.
– This does not apply when they only transited through China (People’s Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China).
8. Based on the travel advisory restriction issued by United Arab Emirates Government, nationals of United Arab Emirates are not allowed to travel to Thailand.
9. Nationals of Bulgaria, Bhutan, China (People’s Rep.), Cyprus, Ethiopia, Fiji, Georgia, India, Kazakhstan, Malta, Mexico, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu and passengers with a Chinese Taipei (on the cover: Republic of China Taiwan) passport can no longer obtain a visa on arrival.
10. Nationals of Italy are no longer visa exempt.

TONGA – published 27.02.2020
1. Passengers and airline crew arriving from or transiting through China (People’s Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (SAR China) or Macao (SAR China) are not allowed to enter Tonga. This does not apply if they have stayed in a country with no confirmed cases of Coronavirus (COVID-19) for a period of minimum 14 days before entering Tonga. They must have an official medical clearance undertaken within 3 days prior to arrival in Tonga.
– This does not apply to nationals of Tonga and their immediate family members.
– This does not apply to permanent residents of Tonga and their immediate family members.
– This does not apply to airline crew on direct flights from China (People’s Rep.) who have been using appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE).
2. Passengers must complete a ‘Traveler’s Arrival Health Declaration Card’ and submit it to the Ministry of Health Border Control when arriving in Tonga.

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO – published 19.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to enter Trinidad and Tobago.
-This does not apply to nationals of Trinidad and Tobago.
-This does not apply to residents of Trinidad and Tobago.

TUNISIA – published 15.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Tunisia.
– This does not apply to nationals of Tunisia, their partners and children.
2. Nationals of Tunisia, their partners and children who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Iran, Italy or Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days will be put in quarantine for 14 days.

TURKEY– published 19.03.2020
1. Nationals of Austria, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.) Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.), Netherlands, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Arab Emirates are not allowed to enter Turkey.
2. Passengers with a British passport are not allowed to enter Turkey.
3. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Austria, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.), Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Korea Rep., Netherlands, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates or United Kingdom in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Turkey.
– This does not apply to nationals of Turkey and residents of Turkey.
4. Passengers arriving from Austria, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.), Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Korea Rep., Netherlands, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates or United Kingdom in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Turkey.
– This does not apply to nationals of Turkey and residents of Turkey.

TURKMENISTAN – published 10.03.2020
1. Nationals of Afghanistan, Australia, Bahrain, Belgium, Cambodia, Canada, China (People’s Rep.), Croatia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Kuwait, Libya, Malaysia, Nepal, North Macedonia (Rep.), Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Russian Fed., Singapore, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, USA, United Arab Emirates and Viet Nam are not allowed to enter Turkmenistan.
2. Passengers with a British passport are not allowed to enter Turkmenistan.
3. Passengers with a Chinese Taipei (on the cover: Republic of China Taiwan) passport are not allowed to enter Turkmenistan.
4. Passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport are not allowed to enter Turkmenistan.
5. Passengers with a Macao (SAR China) passport are not allowed to enter Turkmenistan.

TURKS AND CAICOS ISL. – published 20.03.2020
1. Passengers who have been in Austria, Belgium, Czechia, China (People’s Rep.), Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao (SAR China), Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Singapore or Vatican City in the past 21 days are not allowed to enter Turks and Caicos.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Turks and Caicos.
2. Nationals and residents of Turks and Caicos who have been in Austria, Belgium, Czechia, China (People’s Rep.), Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macao (SAR China), Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Singapore or Vatican City in the past 21 days are subject to quarantine for 14 days.

UGANDA – published 20.03.2020
1. Flights from Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China (People’s Rep.), Czechia, Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Israel, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, USA and United Kingdom are suspended.
2. Nationals and residents of Uganda are subject to quarantine for 14 days.
3. Passengers arriving in Uganda are subject to physical and temperature screening.

UKRAINE – published 15.03.2020
International passengers will not be allowed to enter and/or transit Ukraine. Passengers will not be allowed to enter Ukraine for a period of two weeks, until 3 April 2020.
– This does not apply to nationals of Ukraine, to residents of Ukraine, to spouses and children of Ukrainian nationals, to representatives of official international and diplomatic organizations (and their family members), to crewmembers, and to representatives of humanitarian missions (and their family members).
On 17 March 2020, at 00:00 local time (GMT+2), all border crossing points will be closed (for any international border crossing) for a period of two weeks, until 3 April 2020. This does not apply to border crossings required to safeguard national interests, and to representatives of diplomatic organizations and humanitarian missions. Nationals of Ukraine should return to Ukraine as soon as possible. Those who do not have time to do so for objective reasons, should contact the Ukrainian consulate. In cooperation with Ukrainian authorities, they will be returned home by non-scheduled flights. After 3 April 2020, the Ukrainian government will review whether this restriction should be extended for a longer period.

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES – published 19.03.2020
1. Passengers are not allowed to enter United Arab Emirates.
– This does not apply to nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.
– This does not apply to passengers with a diplomatic passport.
– This does not apply to family members (including father, mother, son, daughter, wife, husband, grandparents, grandchildren and domestic helpers) of nationals of United Arab Emirates. They must travel together. Airlines are required to contact the local immigration for prior approval before boarding.
2. Visas issued before 17 March 2020 by United Arab Emirates have been invalidated.
3. Passengers arriving from Italy must have departed from Fiumicino (FCO) or Ciampino (CIA). All passengers and crew must go through a COVID-19 screening process.
4. Passengers arriving from China (People’s Rep.) must have departed from Beijing (PEK). All passengers and crew must go through a COVID-19 screening process.
5. Nationals of the United Arab Emirates are allowed to enter with a national ID card if they left before 28 February 2020.
6. Nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman and Saudi Arabia are no longer allowed to enter the United Arab Emirates with a national ID card, they must have a passport.
7. Based on the travel advisory restriction issued by United Arab Emirates Government, nationals of United Arab Emirates are not allowed to travel to Iran or Thailand.
8. Passengers arriving on a direct flight at Abu Dhabi (AUH) from Italy, Lebanon and Syria must go through a COVID-19 screening process and obtain a proof of screening slip before continuing to Immigration.

URUGUAY – published 18.03.2020
1. Passengers arriving from Argentina, China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Singapore or Spain are not allowed to enter Uruguay.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Uruguay.
2. Passengers can only land at Montevideo (MVD) and Punta del Este (PDP).
3. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Singapore or Spain in the past 15 days will be placed in quarantine for 14 days.

USA – published 17.03.2020
1. Passengers who have transited or have been in Austria, Belgium, China (People’s Rep.), Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or in the United Kingdom (excluding overseas territories outside of Europe), in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter the USA.
-This does not apply to:
a. nationals of the USA;
b. permanent residents of the USA;
c. passengers arriving in the US on flights that departed before 23:59 EDT on 13 March 2020;
d. the spouse of a national of the USA;
e. the souse of a permanent resident of the US;
f. the parent/legal guardian of an unmarried and younger than 21 years national or permanent resident of the USA;
g. the unmarried and younger than 21 years brother or sister of a national or permanent resident of the USA, who is unmarried and younger than 21 years;
h. the child/foster child/ward of a national or permanent resident of the USA;
i. passengers with an IR-4 or IH-4 visa;
j. passengers with a C-1, D, or C-1/D visa;
k. passengers with an A-1, A-2, C-2, C-3, E-1, G-1, G-2, G-3, G-4, NATO-1 through NATO-4, or NATO-6 visa;
l. members of the U.S. Armed Forces, spouses, and children of members of the U.S. Armed Forces;
m. passengers with evidence of traveling at the invitation of the USA government for a purpose related to the containment/mitigation of the Coronavirus (COVID-19);
n. passengers with documents issued by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, or U.S. Department of State indicating that the passenger is exempt from the restriction.
2. Passengers who have been in one of the countries listed in bullet number 1 in the past 14 days but are exempt from the restriction to enter the USA, must arrive at one of the following airports: Atlanta (ATL), Boston (BOS), Chicago (ORD), Dallas, (DFW), Detroit (DTW), Honolulu (HNL), Los Angeles (LAX), Miami (MIA), New York (JFK or EWR), San Francisco (SFO), Seattle (SEA) and Washington (IAD).

UZBEKISTAN – published 17.03.2020
Passengers are not allowed to transit or enter Uzbekistan.
– This does not apply to nationals and residents of Uzbekistan.

VANUATU – published 09.03.2020
1. Passengers must complete an Incoming Passenger Health Declaration Form before boarding.
2. Passengers who have been in China (People’s Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Macao (SAR China) or Singapore in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Vanuatu.
– This does not apply to nationals of Vanuatu.
– This does not apply to residents of Vanuatu.
3. Passengers who have transited through or have been in China (People’s Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Macao (SAR China) or Singapore since 31 December 2019 but who have spent the previous 14 days outside of China (People’s Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Macao (SAR China) or Singapore must complete the medical certificate from a registered medical practitioner certifying that they are free from any respiratory illness suspected of Coronavirus (COVID-19).
4. Nationals and residents of Vanuatu who have been away in any other country excluding China (People’s Rep.), within the last 2 months, can transit through Hong Kong (SAR China) or Singapore to Vanuatu if the transit time is not more than 8 hours. They must stay in the airport terminal.
5. Nationals and residents of Vanuatu transiting for more than eight hours in Hong Kong (SAR China) or Singapore or have left the terminal must be self-quarantined for 14 days outside of Vanuatu before traveling into the country.

VIET NAM – published 19.03.2020
1. All visa on arrivals are suspended.
2. Passengers who have been in or transited through Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland or United Kingdom in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Viet Nam. This does not apply to passengers who travel for diplomatic or official purpose.
– This does not apply to nationals of Viet Nam.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Viet Nam.
3. Passengers who have been in or transited through China (People’s Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Viet Nam. This does not apply to passengers who travel for diplomatic or official purpose.
– This does not apply to nationals of Viet Nam.
– This does not apply to passengers who reside in Viet Nam.
4. All passengers must fill out a quarantine form prior to arrival.
5. Passengers who travel for diplomatic or official purpose will undergo a medical examination at the border before allowed to enter Viet Nam.
6. Nationals of Italy and Korea (Rep.) with a normal passport are no longer visa exempt.
7. Nationals of Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Spain, Sweden and passengers with a British passport are no longer visa exempt.
8. Passengers with a Certificate of Visa Exemption issued by Viet Nam are no longer visa exempt if they reside in China (People’s Rep.), Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Norway, Spain, Sweden or United Kingdom.
9. Visa exempt passengers and passengers with a Certificate of Visa Exemption issued by Viet Nam must submit a document certifying they are not tested positive for the Coronavirus (COVID-19). It must be issued by local competent authority accepted by Vietnam authority.
– This does not apply to passengers with a diplomatic, an official or a service passport.
10. Passengers who have been in or transited through Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore or Thailand in the past 14 days will be placed on quarantine at a designated facility for 14 days upon arrival.
11. Passengers who have been in or transited through Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland (Rep.), Italy, Korea (Rep.), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom or USA in the past 14 days will be placed on quarantine at a designated facility for 14 days upon arrival.

Source/Credit: IATA Visa Update

NOTE: The information is correct to the best of IATA’s knowledge at the time of publication and is being reviewed and updated on an ongoing basis by IATA staff, given the rapidly evolving nature of the international response to the COVID-19 outbreak IATA cannot guarantee its accuracy and can accept no liability for any errors or omissions. IATA reserves the right to add or change information at any time. Links to third party websites of third parties are offered as a courtesy. IATA expresses no opinion on the content of the websites of third parties and does not accept any responsibility for third-party information. You should make your own independent inquiries before relying on any information or materials contained on these pages.  

How your EU citizenship is involuntarily lost?

Today we will look at loss of citizenship in EU member states through involuntary (without conscious control or will). Sometimes you wont even know you lost your citizenship.

Involuntary loss is the worst way to lose your citizenship without even knowing it, especially you are spending your life abroad..

Involuntary loss may occur due to either automatic lapse of citizenship from the citizen for failure to take some action to retain citizenship, or active withdrawal of citizenship by the country.

Summary

  • Citizenship can be revoked on grounds of treason or disloyalty. (in 15 EU countries)
  • Deprival of citizenship happens, if they take service in a foreign army (in 12 EU countries)
  • Prolonged residence abroad is grounds for the involuntary loss of citizenship in 10 EU countries.
  • Dual citizenship restrictions (acquisition of another citizenship) may cause loss of citizenship in 9 EU member states

Prolonged residence abroad

Prolonged residence abroad is also very important for many citizens, who tend to forget or not really aware they are losing citizenship. This applies to two types of citizens.

  • Naturalized citizens only – Cyprus, Ireland and Malta,
  • Citizens born abroad only – Belgium, Denmark, Spain and Sweden
Involuntary loss of citizenship in EU
Source: European Commission / GlobalCIT

The involuntary loss of citizenship is caused by 4 modes in EU member states

Austria

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Belgium

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Bulgaria

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Croatia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – NO

Cyprus

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Czechia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Denmark

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) –
  • Service in a foreign army –
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Estonia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Finland

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

France

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES

Germany

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Greece

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Hungary

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Ireland

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Italy

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Latvia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Lithuania

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Luxembourg

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Malta

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Netherlands

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Poland

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – NO


Portugal

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Romania

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Slovakia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Slovenia

  • Residence abroad – NO
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – YES
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Spain

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – YES
  • Service in a foreign army – YES
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – YES


Sweden

  • Residence abroad – YES
  • Acquisition of other citizenship (dual nationality) – NO
  • Service in a foreign army – NO
  • Disloyalty/ treason – NO
  • Fraudulent acquisition – NO

Which EU countries require citizenship tests?

Citizenship Test

The citizenship laws of some EU member states require immigrants to prove they are able to to integrate, have knowledge of local language, history and culture.  

All immigrants must pass to gain EU citizenship. 

The Standardised citizenship test (civic test) helps to assess applicants’ knowledge about the country, its legal and constitutional system, as well as attitudes and views on key cultural issues. These tests come in oral or written exams.

About half, 14 out of the 28 EU member states require a citizenship test for naturalization.

Here is the full list of countries.

Citizenship Test Required

  1. Austria
  2. Denmark
  3. Estonia
  4. France
  5. Germany
  6. Greece+
  7. Hungary
  8. Latvia+
  9. Lithuania
  10. Netherlands+
  11. Romania
  12. Slovakia
  13. Spain+
  14. United Kingdom+ (exiting EU from 2021)

Citizenship test NOT Required

  1. Belgium
  2. Bulgaria*
  3. Croatia
  4. Cyprus*
  5. Czechia
  6. Finland
  7. Ireland+
  8. Italy
  9. Luxembourg+
  10. Malta*
  11. Poland
  12. Portugal+
  13. Slovenia
  14. Sweden

*These countries run citizenship by investment programs
+These countries run golden visa programs

Source: European Commission Report

110 Countries that offer Visas for Investment

Visas for investment
The Beautiful Hungarian Parliament across the Danube river

How many countries in the world that offer visas for investment? We have answers for you!

We have compiled extensive list of investor visa schemes in 110 countries and territories in the world. The list includes big economies and small islands. These are probably the most popular immigration schemes in the world for investors.

These visas come in four types leading to either residence or passport.

  1. Short Visa – Short term visas (less than 90 days)
  2. Residence Visa – Long term visas issued for temporary residency
  3. Permanent Residence – Very long term residence permits (5 years or more)
  4. Citizenship/Passport – Investor citizenship programs

Currently, there are 196 countries and 61 territories in the world. This means out of 257 countries and territories, 110 of them offer visas for investment.

From our study, we conclude 42% of world is open for investment immigration.

1. Albania

  • Albania has the second largest oil deposits in the Balkans and the largest onshore oil reserves in Europe.
  •  “D/AE” investor visa for engagement in independent economic activity.
  • No minimum investment specified
  • Citizenship after 5 years of living
  • May open citizenship by investment in the future.
  • Albania is an official candidate for accession to the European Union
  • Albania passport ranks 49th powerful passport with visa free access to EU and other 114 countries.

2. Andorra

  • Passive Residence by investment scheme
  • €400,000 in Property, bank deposit, Government debt securities/bonds (subjected to immigration quota’s).
  • Permanent residence after five years
  • Citizenship after 20 years of living
  • Andorra passport is rare, ranks 19th powerful passport, with visa free access to 168 countries including US, Canada.

3. Antigua & Barbuda

Antigua offers both residency and citizenship by investment options.

  • Permanent residence scheme (have annual income of $100,000 and spend 30 days a year)
  • Instant Citizenship by investment scheme ($100,000 NDF donation or $200,000 real estate)
  • Antigua passport ranks 27th powerful passport with visa free access to 150 countries (UK, Europe etc)

4. Anguilla

  • Anguilla is a British overseas territory (BOT) in the caribbean
  • Launched new ARBI  Residence by investment program in 2018
  • Donation of $150,000 to Capital fund or $750,000 real estate
  • Permanent resident status with path to BOTC citizenship after five years of uninterrupted residence

5. Argentina

  • Investment visa
  • Requires Investment of 1.5 million pesos ($45,000)
  • One year multiple entry visa
  • Permanent residency after 3 years
  • Citizenship after five years of living
  • Argentine passport is 17th powerful passport in the world with visa free travel to 170 nations including Europe, Russia, UK, New Zealand

6. Armenia

  • Special Residency Status issued to distinguished foreigners engaged in economic and cultural activities in Armenia. This status valid for ten years and exempt from military service and will be issued a Special Armenian passport.
  • Naturalize for citizenship after three year period of residence status, along with knowledge of language and constitution
  • Armenia passport ranked 80th powerful passport in the world with visa waived to 61 countries.

7. Australia

Australia offers residence by investment schemes for business innovation and investment.

  • Investor stream (A$ 1 million)
  • Significant investor visa (A$5 million)
  • Premium investor visa (A$15 million
  • Entrepreneur/Business visa for entrepreneur activities
  • Australian citizenship after four years (permanent resident for 2 years)
  • Australia passport ranked 7th powerful passport with visa free access to 183 nations.

8. Austria

  • Self employed residence visa (must show adequate financial means of EUR 50,000 or more)
  • Red-White-Red Card issued for temporary residency
  • Permanent residence after 5 years
  • Austria has the 5th best passport in the world with visa waived to 186 countries.
  • Naturalise for Austrian citizenship after 10 years of legal residence.
  • Dual citizenship is restricted must renounce previous citizenship becoming Austrian citizen.

9. Barbados

  • Special entry and residence permit valid for indefinite time
  • HNW investors with $5 million in assets
  • Retired property owners can qualify
  • Permanent resident status after 5 years.
  • Barbados citizenship after 7 years of living by registration
  • Barbados passport ranked 61st in world rankings with visa free access to 161 countries.

10. Bahamas

  • Economic permanent residency program (fast track)
  • Invest BS$1.5 million (US$1.5m) in property (home) for residence
  • Bahamian citizenship after 6-9 years
  • Bahamas passport ranks 23rd best passport in the world with visa free access to 155 countries.

11. Bahrain

  • Self Sponsorship Residence Permit issued to foreign retirees,  foreign property owners and the foreign investor.
  • Golden visa issued to property investment BHD 50,000 ($130,000) or more
  • Foreign investors must invest BHD 100,000 ($265,000) or more
  • Ten year investor visas with 100% foreign ownership.
  • Foreigners ineligible for citizenship

12. Bermuda

  • Richest British Overseas Territory (BOT)  in the North Atlantic
  • CARICOM member off the east coast of North Carolina.
  • Global entrepreneur work permit /Fintech business permit
  • Permanent residence status after 20 years of residence

13. Brazil

  • Foreign investor scheme R$ 500,000 (USD 125,000)
  • Permanent residence visa R$ 500,000 (property investment)
  • Business Investment: R$ 600,000 (brazil company)
  • Permanent residence after 5 years
  • Brazil citizenship after four years of residence in Brazil.
  • Brazil passport ranks 16th powerful passport with visa free access to 161 countries.

14. Brunei

  • Business visa issued for the purpose of investment or business related activities in Brunei Darussalam.
  • Brunei has visa waiver with United States (ESTA)
  • Brunei passport ranks 20th best passport in the world, with visa free access to 165 countries including US, Canada, China, Russia, Europe, UK.
  • Brunei citizenship after 12 years of living (subjected toHis majesty by registration)

15. British Virgin Islands (BVI)

  • Residency for persons with independent means including retirees with a net worth of $25 million or more.
  • Wealthiest caribbean island with expensive real estate prices.
  • Permanent residence after 20 years of living
  • British overseas territory citizenship (BOTC) and passport
  • Chinese nationals given visa free access to visit BVI for business or tourism.

16. Belize

  • Qualified Retirement Program (QRP) for retirees who have $2000 monthly income to permanently live and retire and relax in Belize.
  • Qualifies for QRP Resident Card
  • Remain in Belize for a minimum of 30 consecutive days annually.
  • Permanent resident card after five years
  • Belize citizenship possible for permanent residents after 5 years
  • Belize passport ranks 53rd in the world with visa free access to 101 countries

17. Bulgaria

  • Permanent residence scheme EUR 512,000 (Government bonds/Real Estate)
  • Business Investment (EUR 100,000)
  • Bulgaria citizenship by investment EUR 1 million (after 1 year)
  • Bulgaria passport ranks 18th best passport in the world has visa free travel to Canada, UK, Europe, Australia etc. total of 169 countries
  • Bulgaria has EU membership and currently in the process of joining the Schengen area

17. Bangladesh

  • Permanent residence investing $75,000
  • Citizenship by investment $500,000
  • Dual citizenship permitted under limited circumstances.
  • Weak asian passport with visa free access to less than 40 countries.

18. Cambodia

  • Citizenship by donation USD 250,000 cash to the economy of Cambodia
  • Khmer Citizenship by investment program Article 12 Cambodian Law of Nationality 1996
  • Cambodia permits dual citizenship
  • Cambodia also offers entry level e-visa option for tourists
  • Cambodia passport ranks 87th in the world with visa free access to only 54 countries

19. Canada

  • Express entry program for skilled workers
  • Quebec immigrant investor program ($1.2m)
  • Startup visa program
  • Provincial entrepreneur program ($200,000 or more)
  • Canadian citizenship after 3 years of living.
  • Canada has sixth powerful passport in the world with visa free travel to 185 countries

20. Cayman Islands

  • Cayman Islands is a British overseas territory (BOT)
  • Richest caribbean island with expensive property prices.
  • Permanent residence scheme for independent persons $2.4 million invested in real estate
  • Residence certificate for $1.2 million invested in real estate
  • BOTC (British overseas territory citizenship) after 5 years

20. Croatia

  • Investors residence scheme (employed/self-employed) with minimum investment of HRK 200,000
  • Temporary residence permit issued for investor family
  • Permanent residence status after 5 years
  • Croatia is EU member state but not part of schengen area
  • Croatia has 20th powerful EU passport in 2019 with visa free travel to 168 countries
  • Citizenship after 10 years of living

21.Chile

  • Temporary Investor and Businessperson Visa
  • Investor visa issued for one year
  • Permanent residency after one year of living
  • Chilean citizenship after 5 years
  • Chile has 14th powerful passport in the world with visa free access to 174 destinations (Europe, UK, Ireland, US visa waiver, Russia, Mexico and Canada)

22. Cyprus

  • Permanent residence scheme (EUR 300,000 in real estate)
  • Citizenship by investment scheme (EUR 2 million in real estate or government bonds)
  • Startup visa scheme
  • Cypriot has 15th powerful passport in the world with visa free access to 173 nations (Canada, UK, EU etc)

23. Czechia

  • Significant investment visa (CZK 75 million or USD 3.2 million)
  • EU member state and part of schengen zone
  • Long term residence permit for investors  with family
  • Permanent residence after five years of living
  • Citizenship after 10 years of living
  • Czech passport ranked 8th powerful passport in the world with visa free access to 182 world countries including US, Canada, Mexico, Europe, UK etc..

24. Colombia

  • Resident investor visa granted to foreigners for a direct foreign investment ($100,000 or more)
  • Investor visa for acquisition of real estate or property ($200,000 or more )
  • Permanent residence after five years of lawful living
  • Citizenship/passport after 10 years in total, with exception of spanish nationals (2 years of living), Latin america and caribbean nationals (1 year of living)

25. Costa Rica

  • Investor residency program
  • $200,000 investment in property housing, business, securities, shares etc
  • Permanent residence after three years of legal living
  • Citizenship after 7 years of lawful resident.
  • Costa rican passport is 28th powerful in the world with 149 visa free destinations including UK, Ireland, EU. Visa required for travels to US and Canada.

26. Cuba

  • Business visa by investment
  • No minimum investment specified
  • Cuban passport recognized in 65 countries (visa free travel)

27. Denmark

  • Danish Startup visa scheme
  • Danish residence permit for foreign entrepreneurs (team of 3 people)
  • Permanent residence after five years
  • Danish citizenship after 9 years of legal residence
  • Denmark has the fourth powerful passport in the world with 187 visa free destinations

 28. Dominica

  • Citizenship by investment scheme (CBI) since 1993
  • Donation to Government fund ($100,000) or Real estate ($200,000)
  • Instant citizenship and passport to family
  • No requirement to live in the country
  • Dominica passport ranked 37th powerful passport to 137 visa free countries (EU, UK etc..)

29. Dominican Republic

  • Residence by investment scheme
  • Direct Investment in companies established in Dominican Republic $ 200,000
  • Bank Deposit: $ 200,000
  • Real Estate Investment: $ 200,000
  • Residence permit issued for 1 year with extensions
  • Citizenship by naturalization after just 1 year or less.
  • Foreign income not taxed in Dominican republic.
  • Major tourist and luxury holiday destination in the Caribbean

 30. Ecuador

  • Resident investor program
  • Property investment of $30,000
  • Business company share capital invested with minimum salary $26,500
  • Citizenship after three years of permanent resident
  • Ecuador passport ranks 55th in the world with 93 visa free destinations including China, Russia.

 31. Egypt

  • Deposit Residence by investment scheme
  • Deposit EGP 7 million Egyptian pounds (US$391,000) in local Egyptian banks
  • Scheme offers path to Egyptian citizenship after 5 years
  • Egyptian passport has visa free travel to only 49 visa free destinations

 32. Estonia

  • Foreign investor residence permit ( €1 million)
  • Startup visa scheme (EUR 65,000) for five year TRP
  • E-residency scheme
  • Estonia has 12th powerful passport in the world with visa free access to 178 countries

 33. Ethiopia

  • Ethiopia investment visa
  • Visa issued to foreign nationals  engaged in investment activities (max 12 months)
  • Ethiopian passport has visa free access to 42 countries.

 34. Fiji

  • Investor permit $120,000  issued for 7 years
  • Real estate investment $1 million
  • Citizenship after five years
  • Fiji has visa waiver with 90 countries including China, Russia etc..

35. Finland

  • Startup  permit
  • Entrepreneurs permit
  • Permanent settlement after four years of legal residence
  • Citizenship after 5 years of residence.
  • Finland has 4th best passport in the world with visa free to 187 nations

 36. France

  • Economic investment visa ( EUR 300,000 talent passport scheme)
  • Innovative enterprise (visa issued for 4 years)
  • Business investor residence permit (entrepreneur)
  • Permanent residence after 5 years
  • Citizenship after residence of five consecutive years.
  • French passport #3rd powerful in the world with visa free access to 188 nations

 37. Georgia

  • Investment residence permit (GEL 300,000 or USD 112,000) immediate permanent residency issued for indefinite term
  • Property investor permit in real estate (GEL 350,000)  issued for short term
  • Georgian citizenship after five years of living
  • Georgia has 50th powerful passport with visa free travel to 112 countries
  • Dual citizenship legalized in 2018

 38. Germany

  • Business investors or self employed person can receive residence permit § 21 AufenthG (€100,000)
  • Self employment permit
  • No minimum investment specified in the Law.
  • Temporary residence permit issued to holder to pursue an economic activity.
  • Permanent residence after 5 years of lawful living
  • Citizenship after eight years of uninterrupted residence
  • German passport #3rd best in the world, with visa free access to 188 nations

 39. Gibraltar

  • British overseas territory of the UK
  • HNW individual with CAT2 status
  • Requires £2 million in net assets and minimum tax of £22,000 and maximum tax of £27,560 annually

 40. Greece

  • Golden visa scheme property investment (EUR 250,000)
  • Strategic investment activity (minimum EUR 250,000)
  • Permanent residence permit for investor and family
  • Greek citizenship after 7 years of legal living
  • Greece has 7th powerful passport with visa free travel to 183 countries.

 41. Grenada

  • Citizenship by investment + Permanent residence
  • Donation to Government fund ($150,000 onwards)
  • Real estate investment ($220,000)
  • Grenadian passport has visa free access to 144 countries, ranks 33rd best passport in the world.

42.  Guernsey

  • Residence by investment scheme for High-Net-Worth persons
  • Invest in the Bailiwick of Guernsey amounting to no less than £1 million
  • Guernsey passport holders will be impacted by Brexit after the UK leaves EU in March 2019

43. Hong Kong

  • HKSAR Entrepreneur investor program
  • Startup visa for businesses
  • No minimum investment specified
  • Nationals of China, Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Laos, Nepal cannot apply
  • Permanent settlement after 7 years of living
  • HKSAR citizenship after 7 years of settlement status
  • Hong Kong passport ranks 17th powerful passport with visa free access to 170 countries worldwide.

 44. Hungary

  • Residence permit for business and gainful activity (Hungary entrepreneur residence program HER)
  • Permanent settlement card after 3-5 years of living
  • Naturalise for Hungarian Citizenship after 8 years
  • Hungary passport ranks 10th powerful passport in the world with visa free travel to 188 nations.

45. Ireland

  • Immigrant investor program (EUR 1 million in enterprises, investment fund, real estate trustr)
  • Startup entrepreneur visa scheme (EUR 50,000)
  • High Potential Start-Up (HPSU) (EUR 1 million plus create 10 jobs)
  • Permanent residence after 5 years
  • Irish citizenship after 5-6 years
  • Ireland passport 6th powerful in the world with visa free access to 185 nations.

46. Israel

  • B5 investor visa (minimum $100,000)
  • Startup visa for foreign innovative entrepreneurs
  • Permanent residency after five years
  • Naturalize for citizenship after five years.
  • Dual citizenship allowed.
  • Israel has 21st powerful passport in the world with visa free access 161 countries
  • E-2 treaty approved with United States

46. Isle of Man

  • British crown dependency between Ireland and Great Britain
  • Tier1 Investor visa (£2,000,000)
  • Tier1 Entrepreneur visa (£200,000)
  • Permanent settlement after five years
  • Citizenship after 6 years

47. Italy

  • Startup investor visa (€500,000) issued for two years
  • Italian companies investment (€ 1 million)
  • Italian government bonds (€ 2 million)
  • Philanthropic donations (€ 1 million)
  • Permanent residence after 5 years
  • Italian citizenship after ten years of legal residence in Italy
  • Italy has 4th powerful passport in the world with visa free travel to 187 countries

48. Japan

  • Investor/Business Manager visa (¥ 5 million or $45,000)
  • Permanent residency minimum 5 years to 10 years of living.
  • Japanese citizenship after 5 years of residence.
  • Japanese passport No.1 in the world with visa free travel to 190 world nations.

49. Jersey

  • Investor scheme £2 million
  • High value resident £1.75 million in a property
  • Permanent residence after 5 years of living.
  • Jersey passport is a British passport issued by the Passport Office of the Jersey Government in St Helier to British citizens connected to the Crown Dependency of Jersey.

50. Jordan

  • Citizenship by investment ($1.5m in bank deposit, bonds or securities, $1m in enterprises)
  • Residency by investment ($200,000 in property)
  • Citizenship or Permanent residence after 5 years of living
  • Jordan passport has access to 50 visa free destinations, ranks 91th for best passport

51. Kazakhstan

  • A5 investor visa (minimum investment of $100,000)
  • Business visa (B1/B3)
  • Citizenship after 5 years of legally living in the country.
  • Kazakhstan passport has visa free access to 76 countries, ranks 69th in the HPI rankings

52. Kyrgyzstan

  • Investment visa (“I” type) issued to foreigners for SOM 10 million ($140,000) invested for three years
  • Family and children can qualify
  • Permanent residence permit after five years
  • Citizenship after 5 years of living with permanent resident status.
  • Kyrgyz passport ranks 78th, with  63 visa free destinations.

53. Laos

  • Business visa for foreign investors (NI – B2) including Startups
  • Business in Laos with an investment value of at least US$500,000 can also apply for permanent residency after five years.
  • Lao citizenship after 10 years of living.
  • Lao passport has visa free access to 52 destinations.

54. Latvia

  • Golden visa scheme offers residency to foreign investors
  • Real estate investment (€250,000 plus 5% state fee)
  • Interest free government bonds (€250,000)
  • Permanent settlement card after five years
  • Citizenship after 9 years of legal residence
  • Latvia passport ranks 11th powerful in the world, with visa free to 179 countries (US, UK, Canada, Europe)

55. Liechtenstein

  • Startup Business visa with gainful employment
  • Permanent residence permit after five years of legal residence
  • Citizenship after 30 years of living
  • Liechtenstein passport is rare ranks 12th powerful passport with visa free to 178 countries in HPI 2018

56. Lithuania

  • Startup visa for entrepreneurs
  • Business residence permit for two years
  • Permanent residence permit after five years of living
  • Apply for citizenship after 10 years of legally living
  • Lithuania has 11th best passport in the world with 179 visa free destinations

57. Luxembourg

  • Golden visa /Residence by investment scheme (RBI)
  • EUR 500,000 in a new business or Investment funds (EUR 3 million) or Bank Deposit ( EUR 20 million) for five years
  • Investors permit issued for maximum of three years.
  • Permanent residence after five years
  • Citizenship after five years of living (knowledge of luxembourgish language)
  • Luxembourg passport 5th powerful in the world with 185 visa free destinations

58. Macedonia

  • Investor permit
  • Temporary residence permit for work/self-employment/business
  • Permanent residency after three years of legal residence
  • Citizenship after five years of living
  • Macedonia passport has visa free travel to 125 countries, 43rd best passport in the world.

59. Macau

  • Macau Investment residency scheme (MOP 1 million capital or $125,000)
  • Temporary residency for investors (hotels, manufacturing, services etc..)
  • Permanent resident status in Macau after continuously living for 7 years.
  • Macau passport is the 33rd best passport in the world with visa free travel to 144 countries. (UK, Europe etc)

60. Malaysia

  • MM2H Investor Residency program (My Second Home)
  • Investors: Financially capable of RM500,000 ($120,000) liquid assets and offshore income of RM10,000 per month (below 50 years)
  • Retirees: financial proof of RM350,000 ($85,000) in liquid assets and offshore income of RM10,000 per month.
  • Investors qualify for 10 year multiple entry visa
  • Malaysia has 10th powerful passport in the world with visa free access to 180 countries (UK, Europe etc)
  • Foreign nationals who have lived in Malaysia continuously for 5 years, can apply for permanent residency.
  • Citizenship to foreigners who have lived more than ten years.

61. Maldives

  • Maldives investor visa for investors valid for five years
  • Investment Investors with USD 50 million or more invested in Maldives
  • Bank deposit: Investors maintain a bank deposit of USD 1 million at Maldivian bank for a period of not less than 2 years or who has invested in a financial security
  • Real estate: investors who have invested at least USD 1 million in a real estate, approved by the government authorities.
  • Maldives citizenship after five years of living.
  • Maldivian has 58th powerful passport with visa free access to 87 countries

62. Malta

  • Malta Residency Visa Programme (€250,000 Government bond/stocks) offers permanent residency
  • Malta Individual Investor Programme (€900,000) offers citizenship to foreign investors
  • Family and children also qualify
  • Rent or buy a home under both schemes
  • Maltese passport 7th powerful in the world with visa free access to 183 countries in the world

63. Mauritius

  • Investor Residence permit ($100,000)
  • Real estate  investment permit ($500,000)
  • Permanent residence after three years
  • Citizenship after five continuous years of living
  • Mauritius passport has visa free travel to 58 countries

64. Maldives

  • Cooperate resident visa
  • Invest $1 million in Bank deposit or Real Estate
  • Five year residence permit with extensions

64. Mexico

  • Temporary resident investor visa
  • Property: Real estate investment ($220,000) in the territory of Mexico
  • Investor: Investment in company shares/stocks for $110,000 and own personal property of atleast  €148,000
  • Permanent residence after four years of living as temporary resident.
  • Naturalization in Mexico for citizenship requires five years of residency prior to the application date
  • Mexico has 22nd powerful passport in the world with visa free travel to 158 countries (Canada, Europe, UK etc)

65. Moldova

  • Residence permit for entrepreneur activity or foreign investments
  • Newly opened Citizenship by investment scheme in 2018 for Donation to Government fund (EUR 100,000), Real Estate (EUR 250,000) or Government Bonds (EUR 250,000)
  • Moldova passport has visa free travel to 122 countries, ranks 46th powerful passport

66. Morocco

  • Investor category visa (MAD 200 million or $21 million)
  • Business visa
  • Certificate of residence after 10 years of living
  • Morocco passport has visa free travel to 61 countries in 2018

67. Monaco

  • €1 million Business capital transfer in a Monaco company
  • €1 million real estate purchase
  • €500,000 in a bank deposit and €500,000 property purchase
  • Permanent residence after five years
  • Monegasque citizenship after ten years of living
  • Monaco passport is rare and 14th powerful passport with 174 visa free countries

68. Mongolia

  • T1 Investor permit
  • Citizenship after living five years (with knowledge of mongolian language)
  • Mongol passport has visa free access to 61 countries

69. Montenegro

  • New citizenship by investment scheme launched in 2018
  • €250,000 in real estate plus €100,000 state fee for citizenship
  • €450,000 in hotel or tourism in Podgorica plus fees
  • Permanent residency issued in 3 weeks
  • Montenegrin citizenship after 6 months
  • Montenegrin passport has visa free travel to 123 countries, ranks 45th best passport in the world

70. Montserrat

  • Economic residence by investment in British overseas territory (BOT)
  • USD 150,000 in Bank deposit, Property or Government bonds
  • Permanent residency is  possible after five years of living in the island.
  • Montserrat passport is a BOTC passport.

71. The Netherlands

  • Start up visa
  • Foreign investor scheme requires capital investment of €1.25 million in Dutch companies
  • Residence permit issued for three years
  • Permanent settlement after five years of legally living
  • Dutch citizenship after five years
  • Dutch passport is fifth best in the world with  visa free travel to 186 countries

72. New Zealand

  • Startup entrepreneur work visa (N$ 100,000 or US$ 70,000)
  • Entrepreneur residence visa (N$ 500,000 or US$350,000)
  •  Business Investor visa (Investor 2) N$ 3 million or US$ 2m
  • Business Investor visa (Investor 1) N$ 10 million  or US$ 7m
  • Acceptable investments: Bonds, Equities in companies, Properties non personal use
  • Permanent residence after two years of living.
  • New Zealand citizenship after five years of residence.
  • New Zealand has 8th powerful passport with visa free travel to 182 countries in 2018

73. Oman

  • Investor residence visa
  • No minimum investment specified
  • Permanent residency or citizenship not possible for foreigners
  • Omani passport has visa free travel to 78 countries

74. Panama

  • Business investor visa ($160,000)
  • Pacific investor visa ($250,000)
  • Economic permanent residence visa ($300,000 in bank deposit or real estate)
  • Movie investor visa ($150,000)
  • PR after five years of living
  • Citizenship after three years with PR
  • Panama passport has visa free travel to 141 countries ranks 35th best passport in the world.

75. Papa New Guinea

  • Permanent residence for Business investment (K 10 million or US$3m) or
  • Retired persons of $15K per annum
  • Passport has visa free travel to 82 countries

76. Paraguay

  • Paraguay permanent residence valid for five years issued for economic activity
  • Bank deposit ($5000)  or Real estate property
  • Citizenship after three years of residence
  • Paraguay passport has visa free travel to 143 countries (UK, Russia, Europe), ranks 34th best passport in the world.

77. Portugal

  • Startup visa scheme
  • Golden visa residence permit for investment activity (€350,000 property) or Business (€250,000)
  • Permanent residence after five years
  • Citizenship after five or six years.
  • Portugal has the fifth powerful EU passport in the world with visa free travel to 186 countries

78. Philippines

  • Special investor residence visa (SIRV) for Business investment (US$ 75,000 or more)
  • Visa validity for unlimited or investment expiry
  • Live, work and also retire in Philippines
  • Live outside the country and reenter anytime
  • Citizenship after 10 years of living.
  • Philippines passport has visa free travel to 66 countries

79. Qatar

  • Richest country in the Middle East.
  • Residence by investment scheme
  • Investor residence visa (property owners)
  • Business visa
  • Business or property investment
  • Exempted from income tax for ten years
  • Permanent residence after 20 years of living (Law No. 10 of 2018)
  • No citizenship for foreigners

80. Romania

  • Business visa long stay visa (D/AE) for economic activities
  • Expedited Citizenship for EUR 1 million investment after 2 years of living
  • Permanent residence after five years
  • Citizenship after 8 years of living (ordinary)
  • Passport ranks 18th best with 169 visa free countries.

81. Russia

  • Business visa (multiple entry valid for 90 days)
  • Simplified citizenship for investment $10 million invested in Far east
  • Discretionary naturalization ($160,000)
  • Permanent residence after three years of living
  • Russian has 47th powerful passport in the world with visa free travel to 119 countries
  • Citizenship in 3 years through fast track naturalization.
  • Dual citizenship allowed with permission

82. San Marino

  • Economic Residence by investment scheme (elective residency) limited quota for 50 per year
  • Property investment of €500,000
  • Sammarinese Government bonds € 600,000 for 10 years (non-interest bearing)
  • Residency for economic reasons (create 3 jobs and guarantee  € 75,000 deposit)
  • Reside in in the territory of San Marino for a minimum of 10 years for citizenship
  • San marino passport ranks 19th powerful in the world with 168 visa free destinations (US, Canada, UK, Ireland, Australia etc).

82. Saudi Arabia

  • New investor permanent residence scheme introduced in 2019 (Special Privilege Iqama )
  • Premium residence scheme : SR 800,000 ($220K)  for permanent permit (Green card)
  • Limited residence scheme: SR 100,000
  • No citizenship for foreigners and no free movement in GCC countries

83. Slovenia

  • Residence permit on economic interest (no minimums)
  • Permanent residence after five years
  • Citizenship after 10 years but there is a provision for exceptional naturalization for citizenship in state’s interest
  • Slovenia is a EU member state and participates in schengen area
  • Slovenia has 10th powerful passport in the world with visa free access to 180 nations.

84. Slovakia

  • Major investment scheme (EUR 100 million) creating 300 jobs adding economic benefit to slovakia
  • Investors receive residence permit to live and work in Slovakia
  • Slovakia also has provisions for discretionary naturalization for citizenship in state’s interest
  • Permanent residence after five years
  • Citizenship through naturalization after 8 years
  • Slovakia has 10th powerful EU passport in the world with access to 180 countries

85. South Korea

  • Immigrant investor scheme  with F-2 resident status (KRW 500 million ($450,000) in public deposit fund or development projects)
  • Immigrant Investor Scheme for Real Estate (IISRE) with minimum KRW 500 million
  • F-5 permanent resident status after five years of maintaining the investment.
  • Naturalize for citizenship after five years.
  • South Korean passport ranks #3rd powerful passport in the world with visa free access to 188 destinations.

86. South Africa

  • Business visa (R 5 million or $350,000) invested in south african economy.
  • Permanent residence permit after five years.
  • SA citizenship after being permanent resident for 10 years.
  • South african passport 52nd powerful in the world with 102 visa free destinations.

87. St Kitts & Nevis

  • Richest caribbean island
  • Citizenship by investment (CBI) for $150,000 (donation) or $200,000 (real estate)
  • St Kitts has a powerful passport ranks 27th powerful passport with visa free access to 151 countries.

88. St Lucia

  • Citizenship by investment for $100,000 (donation) or $300,000 (real estate) or $500,000 (government bonds)
  • Temporary residence permit / Business visa
  • St Lucia has 31st best passport in the world with visa free travel to 146 countries (EU, UK, Ireland etc)

89. Samoa

  • Temporary residence permit (business) or
  • Citizenship by investment scheme for SAT $4 million ( USD 1.5 million )
  • Citizenship issued after 3 years with PR status
  • Samoa has 40th best passport in the world with visa free travel to 129 countries (Canada, Europe, UK, Russia etc)

90. St Maarten

  • Dutch territory and popular caribbean island with tourism.
  • Investors permit issued for property or business for NAG 900,000 or USD 500,000)
  • Permanent residence after five years of residence
  • Dutch citizenship after five years of living (Dutch nationality law)

91. Seychelles

  • Residence permit for business or economic activity
  • Permanent residence after one year for $1 million investment in business or real estate
  • Citizenship after legal resident for five years.
  • Seychelles has 25th best passport in the world with visa free travel to 152 countries

92. Singapore

  • Entrepass scheme for foreign entrepreneurs
  • Global investor program for investors and entrepreneurs (SG$ 1.5 million) with permanent residence
  • Citizenship after eight years of living
  • Singapore has second powerful passport in the world with 189 visa free destinations.
  • Singapore does not allow dual citizenship

93. Spain

  • Golden visa scheme requires €500,000 property investment, €2 million in Government debts/bonds, €1 million in businesses
  • Permanent residence after five years
  • Citizenship after 10 years for most countries, reduced to three years for spanish speaking country nationals
  • Spain passport 4th powerful in the world with visa free travel to 187 countries

94. Switzerland

  • Business visa for investment in swiss companies (€500,000 to €1 million)
  • Lump sum taxation residence  (Pay tax CHF 400,000 to CHF 600,000 per year depending on canton. You cannot work )
  • Permanent residence after ten years of living in Switzerland
  • Swiss Citizenship after 12 years of legally living
  • Swiss passport is one of the best and exclusive passports in the world. In 2018, swiss passport ranks sixth powerful in the world with visa free travel to 185 countries.

95. Sri Lanka

  • Beautiful and culturally rich country in Southern Asia
  • Foreigners investors eligible for Resident Guest Scheme Visa program (RGSVP)
  • Bank deposit / Economic Investment – USD 250,000
  • RGS Permanent Residence visa issued for 5 years with extensions
  • Sri lanka permits dual citizenship
  • Naturalize to become Sri Lankan Citizen after 10 years of living.

96. Sweden

  • Self employed residence permit (SEK 200,000 living expenses plus business plan)
  • Permanent residence after five years of living
  • Swedish citizenship after five years with PR status
  • Sweden passport 4th powerful in the world with 187 visa free countries

97. Taiwan

  • Entrepreneur visa (NT 2 million or US$ 65,000)
  • Resident visa for investment (US$ 200,000) issued to foreign investors
  • Permanent residence after 5 years
  • Taiwan permits dual citizenship but naturalized citizens must renounce previous citizenship
  • Taiwanese citizenship after five years
  • Taiwan has 29th powerful passport in 2019 with visa free travel to 148 countries

98. Thailand

  • Non-Immigrant Visa Category “IB” (Investment and Business Visa)
  • Thailand Elite Residence Visa  costs $15,000 (issued for 5 years) or $32,000 (issued for 20 years)
  • Naturalize for citizenship after five years of living in Thailand
  • Thailand passport has visa free travel to 77 countries in the world

99. Turkey

  • Turkey citizenship by investment (TCBI) program in 2018
  • Real estate property investment ($250,000) or Government bonds or business ($500,000) qualifies for citizenship
  • Turkey passport has visa free travel to 111 countries ranks 51st best passport in the world
  • E-2 treaty with United States
  • Turkey is the 19th biggest $2 trillion GDP economy.

100. Turkmenistan

  • Residence permit for investment in economy above $500,000 US dollars
  • Turkmenistan passport has visa free travel to 53 countries
  • Dual citizenship not recognised

101. Turks & Caicos Islands

  • British overseas territory (BOT)
  • Permanent residence for purchase of $300,00 home or $750,000 in business enterprise
  • Citizenship after physically present in the Turks and Caicos Islands 5 years before the application date
  • British overseas territory citizenship and passport (BOTC)

102. Ukraine

  • Investor Residence permit in Business activity (€100,000 or more)
  • Permanent residence after five years of legally living
  • Citizenship after five years of living in the territory of Ukraine
  • Ukraine passport has visa free travel to 128 countries ranked 41st best in the world

103. United Kingdom

  • UK tier1 innovator or startup visa for foreigners £50,000
  • UK tier1 investor visa (£2,000,000) in bonds or businesses
  • Startup visa (launching in 2019)
  • Permanent resident status (ILR) after five years of living without absence
  • UK citizenship after 6 years of living with PR status
  • United Kingdom has 6th powerful passport in the world with visa free access to 186 nations in 2018

104. United States

  • B1 visa for Business
  • E-1/E-2 visa for treaty traders and investors
  • L1 visas for corporate intra-transfers
  • EB-5 immigrant investor visa for creating jobs ($500,000 onwards)
  • Permanent residence (green card) after five years of living
  • US citizenship after five years of uninterrupted living
  • US passport fifth powerful in the world with visa free access to 186 countries

105. United Arab Emirates

  • New Gold card visa scheme launched in 2018 .
  • Property Investment: AED 5 million  ($1.36 million) will receive five year residence visa
  • Business Partnerships: AED 10 million ($2.7 million) will receive ten year residence visa renewed every ten years
  • Entrepreneurs: AED 500,000 ($136,000) will receive five year visa
  • Permanent residence, citizenship or passport not possible for foreigners
  • UAE passport has visa free travel to 161 countries in the world.

106. Uruguay

  • Real Estate: $1.8 million investment in development projects
  • Business: $5.6 million in capital investments with job creation
  • Economic Tax residence: $200,000 (from Mar 2020)
  • Citizenship after 3 years
  • Very good south american passport.

107. Uzbekistan

  • Investor Residence permit for property or business investment ($200,000)
  • Golden visa (ten year visa will start in 2019)
  • Citizenship after five years with PR status.
  • Uzbek passport has visa free travel to 59 countries

108. Vietnam

  • DT Foreign investor visa in business
  • Permanent residence after three years (renewed thereafter)
  • Apply for citizenship after five years with PR card
  • Vietnam passport has visa free travel to 51 countries

109. Vanuatu

  • DSP contribution citizenship by investment program ($160,000)
  • Land owner residence visa (property for VUV 10 million or USD 88,000)
  • Self funded visa (pay VUV 20,000 annually)
  • Foreign investor visa
  • Vanuatu passport has visa free travel to 129 countries (UK, schengen etc) ranking 40th powerful in the world.

110. Zambia

  • Investors permit for business (US$250,000)
  • Permanent residence with investors permit after three years
  • Citizenship after ten years of living
  • Zambia passport has visa free travel to 68 countries in the world.

111. Zimbabwe

  • Investor residence permit ($100,000 in a joint venture or $300,000 in a business venture or $1 million above)
  • Permanent residence after five years of living
  • Citizenship after being a resident for five years (renounce previous nationality)
  • Zimbabwe passport has visa free travel to 64 countries

Free Guide to Citizenship by Investment

We give you important tips and advice on what to look for in a passport from the best experts working in the field. Take a look below on the ultimate guide to citizenship by investment (CBI) programs.

This is a Free Guide to Citizenship by investment programs with lot of downloadable resources to make your decision. We give away all this for FREE!

Table of Contents

What is Citizenship by Investment?

Citizenship by investment (CBI) is the process by which investors are given fast tracked citizenship within months in exchange for investments in the country (eg. Donation to state, Real estate, buying state debt etc).

The established CIP legislation requires all applicants including family members are required to pass strict background checks including AML/KYC checks before being issued of passports.

Every country has established its own regulations. Some countries even dont require a physical visit, considering many CBI economic citizens, actually live in diaspora and do not immigrate physically to the second country.

CBI schemes are common referred as “Economic citizenship” in Americas , “Investor Citizenship” in Europe by the European commission. The news and media outlets call “Golden passports”, as many wealthy individuals have acquired second passports by investing.

How BIG is the Citizenship by investment industry?

Citizenship by investment is estimated by industry experts to be worth $5 billion annually with Cyprus receiving good chunk of investments. By 2025, the demand for investment passports are projected to double.

CBI Investments
CBI Annual investments by country/region in Billions of US dollars

Revenues from Citizenship by Investment (CBI)

The Revenues from Citizenship by investment schemes has amassed a total of $15 billion until so far, according to our calculations we did from various financial and news reports.

CBI Revenues
Top 5 countries with highest CBI Revenues, according to our calculations. Please note official figures is not published by some countries in the Caribbean.

The three Biggest CBI schemes are

  1. Cyprus
  2. Turkey
  3. St Kitts and Nevis
CBIRevenues*
Antigua$287 million
Dominica$675 million
Grenada$170 million
Saint Lucia$37.2 million
St Kitts Nevis$1.75 billion
Turkey$2.7 billion
Malta€1.2 billion
Cyprus€9.6 billion’
Vanuatu$230 million
Montenegro€1.75 million
Moldova€0.5 million

*Latest approximate unofficial estimates of CBI revenues generated from passport sales until 2019

These surplus CBI revenues were used by Governments to reduce debt, disaster recovery funds, hospitals, schools, public infrastructure, housing and pensions for the local population.

History of Economic Citizenship Programs

The Economic Citizenship by Investment programs have been around for more than 40 years, they rose to popularity in the 1980’s when a number of small caribbean and pacific countries selling passports for $50,000. Most of these schemes were dismantled after 2001 due to security concerns at that time. It was not until a decade by 2010, the St Kitts and Dominica programs quickly rose to popularity. At that time the prices were still high, St Kitts was selling a passport for $250,000 and Dominica passport was only $75,000 (before securing schengen visa waiver) .

Not long ago Comoros passport program was popular remained the cheapest citizenship by investment for $50,000. The program was closed couple of year ago.

Ireland did sell passports for 1 million euros in the 1990’s but the scheme was closed after backlash. Ireland joined European Union in 1999.

Cyprus was the first EU country to install the citizenship for investment scheme in 2007. Later joined by Bulgaria in 2010 and then Malta in 2014.

Do you know?
The Two European states Moldova and Montenegro launched citizenship for sale schemes in 2018. Note that these countries are not part of European Union only part of Europe

How much it costs to buy a passport?

Please see below the latest prices of the citizenship and passport by investment (CPBI) schemes. Prices start from $100,000

Note:*: Applicants must pay additional fee such as agent fee, due diligence fee, application fee.
Montenegro requires Investment ($300K) + Donation ($110K). Vanuatu has no real estate option. Moldova is suspended until Q3 2020

Why second passports are hugely popular?

A passport, is must in the wealth management portfolio for High-net-worth individuals. It is also considered as an insurance policy of the twenty first century for asset protection. These shiny new gold standard investment passports have become an ultimate luxury item – a future investment for family generation.

Recent KnightFrank wealth survey reveals two out of three HNW individuals have already invested in a second passport, while the rest are considering one.

Citizenship by investment schemes provide an an excellent opportunity for wealthy families to become dual citizens by investment. One important benefit for dual citizens, is they are allowed to carry two or more passports.

For many a passport gives new identity and new life making you truly a World Citizen. A World without borders opens up for you!

Do you Know?

A World citizen is a person who places global citizenship above any nationalistic or local identities and relationships.

Albert Einstein described himself as a world citizen and supported the idea throughout his life, famously saying “Nationalism is an infantile disease. It is the measles of mankind”

What are the Second passport benefits?

  • You can call a country second home, visit anytime you want
  • Greater travel freedom and mobility
  • Get out of your country, when there is Global crisis
  • Access to best healthcare and education systems for your children outside your country.
  • Access to international financial freedom (open bank accounts)
  • Retirement and to receive pensions
  • Todays citizenship investment will be passed to future family generations.
  • Live, work, study and do business anywhere you want.
  • Greatly Reduce your taxes with clever tax planning.
  • Expand your business opportunities attending events, conferences, trade shows across the globe.

Half of the US population are worried about about being a victim of terrorism. The threat is REAL. The State Department warns As terrorist attacks, political violence (including demonstrations), criminal activities and other security incidents often take place without any warning, U.S. citizens are strongly encouraged to maintain a high level of vigilance and practice good situational awareness when traveling abroad. What can you do about it?

A Legally acquired second passport can be used as “camouflage” passport giving you full citizen privacy. For example, You can hide your US citizen status showing a second passport instead of US passport.

US taxes are a nightmare. No other country in the world is so hungry for Taxes. If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien, the rules for filing income, estate, and gift tax returns and paying estimated tax are generally the same whether you are in the United States or abroad. Your worldwide income is subject to U.S. income tax, regardless of where you reside

FATCA Act is another nightmare for American expats and accidental americans designed to identify and collect the appropriate tax from US Persons holding financial assets outside the United States.

IRS has been powered to cancel passports of Americans who hold delinquent debt above $50,000.

For these reasons, thousands of Americans renounce their citizenship and go in search for new life that comes with real freedom

Which countries offer Citizenship by Investment?

As far as we know and the information we have compiled, there are 18 citizenship by investment programs in total, spread across Asia, Europe, Caribbean and the Pacific.

PriceStatusInvestmentTime (months)
1Austria€10mdefunctStates Interest12
2Cyprus€2mActiveReal Estate7
3Bulgaria€1mActiveGovt Bonds18
5Turkey€250,000ActiveReal Estate3
6Antigua and Barbuda$100,000ActiveDonation3
7St Kitts and Nevis$150,000ActiveDonation3
8Vanuatu$130,000ActiveDonation2
9Grenada$150,000ActiveDonation3
10Saint Lucia$100,000ActiveDonation3
11Dominica$100,000ActiveDonation3
12Cambodia$250,000UnknownDonation12
13Samoa$1.2mActiveBusiness20
14Egypt$250,000ActiveReal estate3
15Jordan$1.5mActiveCapital12
16Moldova€100,000SuspendedDonation3
17Montenegro€350,000ActiveReal Estate3
18Comoros$50,000ClosedDonation2

You have to decide for yourself whether you want a passport or just residency.

What investment options available for citizenship by investment?

Citizenship by investment regulations provide 5 types of investment options to acquire immediate citizenship.

  1. Lump sum Donation to State (one time)
  2. Real Estate Investment (no less than $200K)
  3. Government bonds / Treasury securities
  4. Business Investment
  5. Bank cash deposit

The first and most popular option for most citizenship investors is Lump sum donation . We have seen over 80% of the clients, go through this route because it easy, simple, cheap and fast.

The second most popular option with clients is real estate investment. This option attracts more wealthy and HNW investors who want to profit from real estate investment yields. You must hold on to the property for 3-5 years before selling it off in the market. After you sell the property you can still keep citizenship and passport.

The third option is financing the government bonds. At the moment 7 CBI programs offer buying Government bonds or securities in exchange for passport. Cyprus has scrapped this option since 2019. For example you could finance Bulgaria €1m worth of Govt bonds only for a total €250,000 spread over 5 years (you only pay 5% interest). It would cost even less for Turkey and St Lucia.

Bank deposit is also an very interesting option if you want to risks with your liquid cash. At the moment only Turkey and two other countries have this option. The problem with this approach is the amount is too high and some nationals may also face problems opening bank accounts.

The final option available is Business investment. This is a great option if you have business background, already successful investor and you can create jobs. Antigua and Saint Lucia are the only two caribbean countries that award citizenship by investment to business investors making atleast $1.5m or $5m jointly. Under the joint investment plan, each investor making $400K qualifies for passport. For Turkey all you have to do is create 100 jobs to become a citizen.

We compiled a nice comparison of investment options available for citizenship by investment program, so that you would know where and how much to invest.


DonationReal EstateGov BondsBank depositBusiness
Antigua$100K$200Kxx$1.5m
Dominica$100K$200Kxxx
Grenada$150K$200Kxxx
St Kitts$150K$200Kxxx
St Lucia$100K$300K$500Kx$1.5M
Vanuatu$130Kxxxx
Malta€650Kx€150Kxx
Cyprusx€2Mxx€2M
Bulgariax€500K€1Mx€1M
Montenegrox€250Kxx€5M
Moldova€100K€250K€250Kxx
Jordanxx$1M$1M$750K
Egypt$250K$500K$750K$250K$400K
Turkeyx$250K$500K$500K$500K

Note: For Malta you must pay Donation + Bonds. For Montenegro there is €100,000 fee per application above real estate investment.

You can read our free real estate guide to citizenship by investment

Citizenship VS Residency

Be clear to under the difference between citizenship and residency (permanent)

BenefitsCitizenshipPermanent Residency
What you get?PassportVisa /Residence permit
TravelWorldwideRegional (schengen area)
PriceCheap (starts $100K)Expensive (starts $250K)
Personal VisitNOYES
CitizenshipIncludedNaturalization (slow)
Real Estate OwnershipNo restrictionsLimited
Rent a placeNOYes
Renewals5-10 years2-5 years
Must liveNONO (yes if you want citizenship)
Education, Healthcare, EmploymentEqual rightsEqual rights
Family membersImmediateImmediate
Banking AccessYesYes
Taxes*NO (unless you live)Yes
Rights*Full Citizen RightsRestricted (eg. No right to vote)
DeportationNoYes
Embassy helpYesLimited

*Please seek professional advise.

Why Citizenship is so much better on the long run?

Citizenship is often so much better than residency for thousands for reasons.

  1. Cheaper than residence schemes
  2. Hassle free
  3. Application package completed within 3 months (all family and children get passports)
  4.  No visit to country required (saves you lot of money).
  5. Mitigate your taxes (prepare in advance)
  6. Collect your passport from agent or at consulate.
  7. Enjoy your full citizenship rights across the globe
  8. Citizenship once granted is also passed to future generations. (you did not waste your money, you only invested in your future family)

Why you should not confuse Citizenship with Golden visas?


Golden visa schemes only offer permanent residency (no instant citizenship) buying real estate. Greece and Portugal are the most popular ones.

Secondly Citizenship schemes are much cheaper (half the price) than golden visas.

Prices for Golden visas start with $300,000 (in dollars) for the most popular program Greece

Greece – €250,000
United States – $900,000
Portugal – €350,000
Malta – €250,000
Canada – $1.2 million
Spain – €500,000

Golden visa programs attract two types of clientele

  1. Those who are not interested in second citizenship or passport
  2. Nationals who come from a country where dual citizenship is restricted (eg. India, China etc)

If you dont want citizenship or passport, then you can go for golden visa residence schemes. Note that only passport is accepted travel document worldwide. The residence permits issued by schengen states is not a passport so can only be used within the schengen region.

We will not go into deep on golden visas in this article.

How to protect yourself from passport scams?

It is also very important you only apply for legally running and official programs and you do not fall into a passport scams. Follow these 3 cardinal rules.

Rule 1: Do not buy real estate or pay full Government contribution before receiving Letter of approval from the Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU) of Government. This should take 2-3 months. Most agents will only ask you to pay initial retainer deposit which consists of agent fee and due diligence fee. If your application is refused you dont need to pay the contribution. Dont let yourself be conned!

Rule 2: You are only supposed to pay the donation or contribution ONLY directly to the Government bank account. Don’t pay to third parties.

Rule 3: Don’t invest in real estate developments that are not approved or authorized by Government. CIUs are required to publish list of approved property developments in their website. You wont qualify for citizenship/passport investing in unapproved developments. These are likely scams to lure investors. Governments running CBI programs, have moved establish escrow legislation to protect property investors.

A Word of Advice

Don’t fall for cheap passport scams, these might involve $10K-$15,000. You will be disappointed and lose what you bargained for! Look for the red flags! Seek a trusted legal advisor

For example. there are no south american countries that offer instant passports for investments. The only way to become a citizen is to become a resident and naturalize, atleast not before 3 years.

What to look for when buying a passport?

With so many CBI programs around, often it can be more confusing to clients to pick the right passport for the right price. It is important that you do not overspend and pay only what you need for.

We will give you 10 important tips.

1. Price factor

Price is the first most important factor for clients applying for investment citizenship schemes.

The most expensive passport may not be the best passport for you. You have to find the right balance between the price you pay and the passport benefits. Always pick the right one for you and family. Dont overpay for the passports.

We plotted a graph between the passport power and the prices. As you can see see in the graph, Cyprus, Malta and Bulgaria are the most expensive passports. Look closely in the 140 mark there are cluster of programs around Grenada. These are the cheap and best passports that are in the market. You also have to keep in mind that the more family members you add, prices rise exponentially.

CBI price chart
Passport power VS Pricing – Comparison of Citizenship by Investment

2. Application process and time

A significant number of clients have asked us about which citizenship programs have simple application and fast processing times.

We have always told them the same answer. Allow 3-4 months and apply as early as possible.

We have seen applications approved in 80 days and Vanuatu has simple and super fast application processing times. We have seen letter of approvals issued by Citizenship commission, as early 4 weeks.

If you want the fastest program, our suggestion would be Vanuatu. All caribbean passport schemes takes atleast 3-4 months.

3. Passport power

The strength of a passport to visit many countries without visas, especially to most important six BIG countries in the world is equally important.

Visa FreeUnited StatesUnited KingdomRussiaChinaEU SchengenCanada
Maltaˣˣ
Cyprusˣˣˣ
Bulgariaˣˣˣ
Grenadaˣˣ
Antiguaˣˣˣ
Saint Kittsˣˣˣ
Saint Luciaˣ
ˣˣ
Dominicaˣˣˣ
Vanuatuˣˣˣ
Montenegroˣˣˣˣ
Moldovaˣˣˣˣ
Turkeyˣˣˣˣˣˣ

Please note Canada and United States impose Electronic travel authorization (ETA) on visa waiver countries.

Another important thing to remember for clients, they should pick the right passport, that has visa free access to the country they frequently visit. For example if you have business ties or family or children studying in United Kingdom, it would not make sense to apply for Montenegro or Moldova passport.

You should also be able to spot minor difference with visa free access using CBI passport. For example. Turkish passport is an excellent passport to visit Japan or South Korea

South AfricaIsraelJapanSingaporeSouth Korea
Antigua and Barbuda
Bulgaria
Dominica
Grenada
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Cyprus
Turkey
Malta
Moldovae
Montenegro
Vanuatu
Jordan
Egypt

e – eVisa
√ Visa not required
ₓ Visa required

Which CBI passports have access to overseas territories?

There are some 61 territories (dependent colonies) in the World. Some are British, French, Dutch and

For example you may want to travel to british colonies such as Bermuda , Cayman Islands, British Virgin Islands (BVI), or US colonies such as US Virgin Islands (USVI). Sint Maarten is also worth mentioning a Dutch territory. These wealthiest islands are beautiful attract many wealthy millionaires often travel to these locations for holiday vacations.

We have compiled visa requirements for these territories for 14 CBI passports.

Disclaimer / Note : Visa requirements often change from time to time. Please always check with your nearest embassy before travels. The above information is for knowledge purpose only.

4. Passport Validity

Passport validity is a very important to consider when applying for citizenship by investment programs. Some countries issue passports for 5 years or 10 years.

Passports with ten year validity is more convenient to clients, as they dont have to go through hassle of renewing passports quickly.

Note that Antigua, St Lucia and Grenada have passport validity of 5 years. All other passports come with 10 year validity. Antigua is a special case, once you renew the passport first time, the passport validity extended to 10 years.

CBIValidity
Antigua5 years
St Kitts10 years
Dominica10 years
St Lucia5 years
Grenada5 years
Vanuatu10 years
Turkey10 years
Malta10 years
Cyprus10 years
Bulgaria10 years
Moldova10 years
Montenegro10 years

5. E-2 Visa to enter United States

Access to E-2 investor visa is a very important benefit that comes from Citizenship by investment (CBI) schemes to enter US.

E-2 visas are cheaper alternative to EB-5 in terms of processing speed and cheaper investment. Certain countries such as China, Vietnam, Nigeria, Russia do not have E-2 treaty direct with US, so citizens from these countries can take advantage of CBI schemes as backdoor entry to US. Remember E-2 visas are non-immigrant visas and even family members can apply.

Here are some of the important difference between E-2 and EB-5 visas.

E-2EB-5
Visa CategoryNon-immmigrantImmigrant Visa
Min. Investment$100,000 – $200,000$900,000 to $1.8 million
Visa validity2-5 yearsTemporary Green card (2 years)
Green cardNoYes
Job creation5 jobs10 jobs
Waiting time3 weeks2-15 years
CitizenshipNoYes
Residence conditionsNoneMust move and live in US.
Not absent for 6 months per year
Quotanone10,000 annual limit
WorkingFull timeDirector
Work permitSpouse onlySpouse and children < 21
Application paperworkEasyComplicated / Strict rules
Who can apply?E-2 treaty countriesNo restrictions
Taxes on Worldwide income*May beYes
Visa fee$205$3,675 (I-526 petition)
Legal costs$10,000 to $20,000$50,000 to $100,000

*Please seek professional tax advise before your immigrate to US.

There are only 7 CBI countries that have E-2 treaty investor signed with United States.  All other Citizenship by investment programs (CIP) do not offer this benefit

  • Montenegro
  • Turkey
  • Bulgaria
  • Grenada
  • Moldova
  • Egypt
  • Jordan

6. Right to Vote

The Citizenship by Investment Regulations of Antigua, St Kitts, Vanuatu do not permit right to vote to CBI citizens. All other countries offer voting rights and even holding government positions.

7. Citizenship transferable to Generations

These citizenship by investment programs allow transferring citizenship rights upto three family generations only.

  • Dominica
  • St Lucia
  • St Kitts and Nevis
  • Vanuatu

Except these four programs, all other CBI programs offer full lifetime citizenship.

8. No personal visit

Citizenship Programs that have no personal visit requirements for passports are much more attractive and desirable to clients.

Imagine you live in UAE, the Caribbean or Vanuatu is still far way and you dont want to spend thousands of dollars in flight bookings to take your family just for a passport. This is unrealistic, especially the world is reeling with the outbreak of coronavirus. It is really not a good time to travel during disease outbreaks.

Except 5 CBI programs, all other countries require a personal visit atleast once

CBIValidity
Antigua5 years
St Kitts10 years
Dominica10 years
St Lucia5 years
Grenada5 years
Vanuatu10 years
Turkey10 years
Malta10 years
Cyprus10 years
Bulgaria10 years
Moldova10 years
Montenegro10 years

9. No Residence conditions

Citizenship by investment programs that have zero or no residence conditions are more attractive to many clients.

All countries (except caribbean and vanuatu) issue residence permits before issuing naturalization certificate under CBI.

CBIResidence
Antigua5 days*
DominicaNone
GrenadaNone
Saint LuciaNone
St KittsNone
TurkeyOnce
VanuatuNone
MaltaOnce
CyprusOnce
MontenegroOnce
EgyptOnce
JordanOnce

*Antigua imposes 5 day residence requirement when you renew your passport after 5 years. If you dont visit Antigua, your passport will be canceled. For Turkey, formalities can be completed by issuing Power of Attorney

10. Healthcare / Education / Safety

European countries are superb when it comes to education and healthcare, especially Malta, Cyprus and Bulgaria. These countries also have low crime rate and high safety rankings. Moldova and Montenegro are okay catching up to european standards but they have a long way to go.

Caribbean countries still struggle with crime and do offer affordable healthcare. They also have some nice universities eg. St George Medical University in Grenada and the newly opened University of West Indies campus at Antigua.

You should only consider this if you want to move and live the country. If you just want a passport for mobility, probably you can ignore these.

11. Quotas

You must also seriously consider limited quotas with citizenship by investment schemes. This is because once the quota reaches the limit, the schemes wont reopen again and you missed the opportunity to acquire citizenship through investments.

These are limits currently imposed on certain CBI schemes. The Caribbean passport schemes do not have any limits

MaltaTotal quota 1800 (to be extended)
MontenegroTotal quota 2000 (expires in 2022)
Vanuatu600 per year
Turkeyno limits
Cyprus700 per year
Moldova5000 (total quota)
Jordan500 per year
CaribbeanNo limits

12. Tourist arrivals

Tourist arrivals is an important indicator on the attractiveness of country to apply for citizenship.

Tourism plays an important role in driving revenues, economic growth and prices in the real estate market. You may want to consider this data when investing in hotels and resorts.

Tourist arrivals in CBI countries
Tourist arrivals in countries running citizenship by investment programs for 2018 – Source: World Bank Data
CBITourist Arrivals (2018)
Bulgaria9,273,000
Cyprus3,939,000
Malta2,599,000
St. Kitts and Nevis125,000
Antigua and Barbuda269,000
St. Lucia395,000
Turkey45,768,000
Grenada185,000
Vanuatu116,000
Egypt11,196,000
Jordan4,150,000
Dominica63,000
Montenegro2,077,000

Source: World Bank Data 2018

How much it would cost to BUY a passport?

These are some of the rough estimates on how much it would cost to buy a passport under citizenship by investment programs.

Please expect accredited Agents charge you upto $20,000 (not added in the list below) per application. It depends on whether you are applying single or group as family.

Single personsMain + Spouse + 1 Child < 18Main + Spouse + 2 children < 18
Antigua$132,800$125,000$125,000
Dominica$109,950$200,000$200,000
Grenada$158,500$200,000$200,000
St Kitts and Nevis$157,750$195,000$195,000
Montenegro€365,000€385,000€395,000
Vanuatu$130,000$175,000$190,000
St Lucia$109,500$165,000 $190,000
Turkey$270,000$270,500$272,000
Malta$895,000€975,200€1.05m
Cyprus€2.16m€2.16m€2.16m
Bulgaria€300K€300K€300K

Note:

– Above prices are the cheapest options calculated. There can be no less than this.
– Turkey, Montenegro, Cyprus ONLY offer real estate option since there is no donation.
– Montenegro Government requires 100,000 fee per application.
– Real estate option not included in the above prices for Caribbean. This route costs more
– Bulgaria financing option for Government bonds.

How do family members influence passport prices?

Family members have a BIG impact on the prices of CBI schemes. The costs increase when more family members according to the framework of CIP legislation established by Governments.

How much it costs under donation?

We compare the six most popular low cost CBI schemes, assuming main investor, spouse and children under 18, apply for citizenship by investment schemes.

Family citizenship by investment
Take a look on the price variations for family citizenship by investment programs for Main applicant, Spouse and number of children below 18 years included in the application for donation route.
Family123456
Antigua137,800 $145,600 $145,900 $145,900 $188,500 $201,800 $
Dominica109,950 $200,000 $216,850 $200,000 $244,750 $271,200 $
Grenada158,500 $200,000 $218,000 $200,000 $247,000 $274,000 $
St Kitts157,750 $195,000 $207,250 $195,000 $217,750 $228,000 $
Vanuatu130,000 $175,000 $176,000 $190,000 $225,000 $242,000 $
St Lucia109,500 $165,000 $206,500 $190,000 $233,500 $259,500 $

How much it costs to buy a citizenship under real estate?

These are our rough price calculations to buy a passport depending on the number of family members.

Assuming 1 main application, 1 spouse, and number of children under 18 added below, here are the rough estimates of minimum real estate investment required. For example 1 main applicant, spouse and 3 children < 18, make the total family members five.

CBI Real Estate costs
Approximate calculations for buying real estate under citizenship by investment depending on family members
Real Estate12345
Antigua$237,800$245,600$245,900$246,800$247,000
Dominica$234,950$250,400$251,850$253,300$255,000
Grenada$278,500$286,500$288,000$290,000$292,000
St Kitts$242,800$267,100$277,400$287,800$289,000
St Lucia$349,500$365,500$366,500$366,500$366,500
Montenegro$406,000$417,000$428,900$430,000$432,000
Turkey$270,000$275,000$277,500$279,000$280,000

Please contact us for accurate price quotes. We work with trusted real estate partners with citizenship by investment and golden visa programs.

Read our Free Guide to Citizenship by Real Estate Investment

Why prices of CBI schemes dropped in 2017?

After the 2017 Hurricane season, in a desperate attempt to bring revenues, caribbean countries engaged a race to the bottom cutting prices for CBI schemes. As a result the price dropped by almost 50% making passports affordable to average and middle class population.

The 2017 has been the most important year for the CBI industry, because so many engaged price cuts. First the Caribbean countries then followed by Vanuatu and Turkey.

Turkey dramatically cut the prices for passport down to just $250,000 from $1 million. It is just a huge price cut for citizenship!

Looking on the flip side!
This only benefited the clients and helped to increase the popularity of the passport by investment schemes.

Prices of Citizenship by Investment Programs Before and After 2017

How important are visa waivers?

Visa waivers fuel demand for passports that come with visa free movement. It has become the most important marketing factor to attract clients applying for passports. Imagine with one powerful second passport, you could visit all the 196 countries in the world.

You will see below the soft visas (eVisa, ETA, VOA etc) and hard visas required to visit 196 countries in the world for CBI passports. Clearly Malta is powerful and Caribbean passports are not far behind.


Visa not requiredVisa requiredeVisaeTAVisa on arrivaleVisa / Visa on arrivalTotal Access
Malta118301331814166
Austria117301231321166
Cyprus117331511614163
Bulgaria110341511719162
Antigua9854111264140
Saint Kitts9953102274142
Grenada9259131264136
Saint Lucia9060122274135
Dominica8761141275134
Vanuatu8067130295127
Montenegro74681602314127
Samoa7869130296126
Moldova72761402013119
Turkey6579922216114
Cambodia17127190201167
Jordan16130181181164
Comoros1413810024957
Egypt16132160211063

Source: Best Passport Rankings Study 2020

On 28 May 2015 the EU signed short-stay visa waiver agreements with St Lucia, the Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, St Vincent and the Grenadines, the Republic of Vanuatu, the independent State of Samoa and the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

Canada revoked visa waiver agreements for all Caribbean countries selling passports by 2015 citing citizenship for sale pose a serious risk to Canada’s borders.

We noticed when Canada revoked visa waiver and imposed visa restriction on Antiguan citizen in 2017, the applications for CBI passport took a nose dive. This goes on to show how important are visa waivers for citizenship by investment programs.

But the Caribbean countries have managed to expand their visa waiver agreements to Russia and other countries in an effort to boost tourism and passport revenues.

Who are CBI citizens?

CBI citizens are a new class of diaspora population created by citizenship by investment programs.

Approximately less than 10,000 people become CBI citizens every year, and an estimated 50,000 CBI citizens living in diaspora. These are small communities of wealthy individuals live in United Arab Emirates, China, Europe, Americas and Africa.

Here are a brief numbers of CBI population that exist as of 2020

St Kitts and Nevis18,000
Grenada3,300
Antigua and Barbuda3,500
Dominica6,000
Malta1,200
Cyprus4,500
Vanuatu2,000
Turkey5,100
Montenegro5*

*Note: Approximate unofficial figures calculated based on passports/applications approved for investors. For Dominica PWC report

What you should know about EU citizenship?

The European Union (EU) citizenship, first of all does not exist as its own, it a supplemental citizenship conferred by member states of the EU. The Citizenship of the European Union shall not replace national citizenship and is automatically lost if revoked by the member state.

EU citizens can also be dual citizens. Most EU states do grant citizenship through ordinary naturalization meeting conditions such as long term residency, integration, passing civic and language tests.

Only three member states (Malta, Bulgaria, Cyprus) grant expedited citizenship based on investment. Of all Cyprus has the fastest citizenship time (6 months)

  • Bulgaria – €1m (Government bonds, financing possible)
  • Malta – €900,000 (€650K Donation + €150K Bonds + Processing fee)
  • Cyprus – €2m (real estate)

Bulgaria remains the cheapest option, while other programs are only suitable for High-net-worth investors costing excess of one million euros.

What rights do EU citizens enjoy?

  • Right to free movement, settlement and live anywhere across the EU.
  • Right to trade and transport goods, services and capital freely through EU borders ( no restrictions on capital movements)
  • Right to vote in and run as a candidate in local elections, european elections and european citizens initiative 
  • Right to consular protection by embassies of other EU member states when embassy is not present
  • Right to equal pay, discrimination at workplace,
  • Right to legal protection, data protection and privacy.
  • Full citizen rights including protection from deportation
  • Favourable tax regime (requires advance planning)

Non-EU Nationals

Iceland, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Norway are not part of European Union therefore these country nationals are not EU citizens. Although these countries are not members of the EU, their nationals can work in the EU on the same footing as EU nationals, since they belong to the European Economic Area.

EU/EFTA/Schengen
EU/EFTA/Schengen and candidate countries

Do You Know?
Swiss citizens are not EU citizens. Swiss nationals are free to live and work in the EU.

UK citizens cease to be EU citizens from 2021. The Brexit transition period ends on 31 December 2020.

Common Myths Debunked

We will debunk some of the common myths many think about citizenship by investment programs (CIP)

Myth 1: Citizenship by investment (CBI) schemes offer diplomatic passports.
Reality: CBI schemes issue ordinary passports have nothing to do with diplomatic passports. Diplomatic passports can only be issued to citizens according to Vienna convention. Diplomatic immunity is only available to certain classes of high level diplomats (not to all).

Myth 2: Only criminals or money launders acquire passports by investment
Reality: All applicants must pass due diligence checks before being given passports. High risk clients are rejected. It is a fact that 99% of the the people applying are genuine families, they ONLY benefited from these schemes, getting a new life and identity. Less than 1% of those unscrupulous persons known to abuse the citizenship schemes.

Myth 3: No background checks are done for passport investors.
This is completely false. Due diligence forms the heart of the industry protecting the integrity of citizenship by investment programs. Infact over 90% of work done on applicants involve these checks. Some do abuse the passport programs bringing negative reputation to the CBI industry. All immigrant investor programs (including US EB-5) have issues. No vetting system is 100% perfect, but it is a constant struggle to improvise the checks.

Can stateless people apply for citizenship by investment?

Citizenship by investment programs do not restrict stateless people from applying for passport programs. As far as we know, at the moment only 4 CBI programs accept stateless people

  1. Vanuatu
  2. Dominica
  3. Turkey
  4. Cyprus
  5. Antigua

There are 12 million stateless people around the world who do not have any form nationality. Stateless people are denied basic human rights such as right to education, healthcare, employment and freedom of movement, due to lack of papers and identity.

Citizenship by investment schemes who can afford to make investment, provide stateless people new identity, healthcare and other righteous benefits.

Statelessness is caused by collapsing states, discrimination against particular ethnic/religious groups, gaps in nationality laws, stripping of citizenship or states that not let women pass on their nationality.

The UN Human Rights agency has pledged to end statelessness by 2024.

Best Citizenship by Investment Programs

We will give you a quick review analyzing 15 most popular citizenship by investment programs. We will also tell you the Pro’s and Con’s with each of the programs.

1. Grenada

Grenada citizenship by investment
Beautiful Caribbean sunset and beaches in Grenada
Donation
$150K
  • One time
Real Estate
$220K
  • Hotels / Resorts

Pros

  • Grenada established itself No.1 citizenship by investment in the world.
  • Only Caribbean country that has visa free access to all these countries China, Russia, United Kingdom, Schengen states
  • Grenadian citizens have access to E-2 investor visas to visit United States (cheapest alternative to EB-5). It is a non-immigrant visa.
  • No requirement to visit Grenada and Zero residence requirements.
  • Passports delivered through Authorized agents.
  • Permanent residence card at additional cost.

Cons

  • Costwise it may be slightly expensive, but you get what you pay for in terms of quality of passport.
  • Grenada may refuse applicants who are rejected already applying for CBI programs in other countries.

2. Vanuatu

Vanuatu Citizenship by Investment
Eton Beach on Efate Island, Vanuatu, near Port Vila – famous beach on the east coast
DSP Program
$130K
  • One time Donation
Contribution Program (VCP)
$130K
  • One time Donation

Pros:

– Fastest application approval times (3 weeks)
– Passport issued within 2 months (entire process completed)
– Easy and straight forward application process (no personal visit needed)
– Very good passport from a pacific country with visa free access to UK, Schengen, Russia etc.
– Non FATCA country, may interest american expats.
– Pure tax haven, no corporate taxes or income, wealth or inheritance taxes.
– Full privacy to citizenship investors (names not disclosed to public)

Cons:

– Slightly expensive compared to the caribbean passport programs
– Visa required to visit Japan, South Korea, Canada, Australia, South Africa etc.

Expert Guide to Vanuatu Citizenship by Investment Program

Citizenship Act and Legislation

Vanuatu Citizenship Act [Cap_112]

Citizenship regulations Order 91-95 of 2018

Citizenship Regulations (Order 32-33) of 2019

3. Dominica

Dominica Citizenship by Investment
Roseau, Capital of Commonwealth Dominica
Donation
$100K
  • Cheapest
Real Estate
$200K
  • Hotel / Resort

Pros

  • Cheapest citizenship by investment program for single persons
  • Processing time only 2-3 months
  • Visa free access with EU schengen area, United Kingdom, Russia etc
  • Beautiful lush green country with springs and forests.

Cons

  • Expensive program for families under donation route
  • Visa required to visit UAE, Japan, Canada, Nigeria, Lebanon, Mexico etc.
  • Names of CBI citizens are published in Government Gazette to public, twice a year, creating privacy issues.

4. Saint Lucia

Citizenship by Investment in Saint Lucia
Pitons are the landmark of St Lucia featured in numerous movies and films.
Donation
$100K
Real Estate
$300K

Pros

  • Beautiful country very popular for holiday destination in the Caribbean
  • Cheapest and low cost passport program for single persons
  • Citizenship program very popular with Americans
  • Applications are processed within 80 days if paperwork is intact.
  • No person visit required and zero residence requirements.

Cons

  • Price tag little expensive for families applying for passports
  • Real estate requirement is high compared to other caribbean passport programs (Canelles resort and Alpina Hotel by Desert Star Holdings are approved developments)
  • Names of CBI citizens available to public in St Lucia.
  • $500K Government bonds option is available as additional option but most applicants do not use this route due to non-availability of financing option.

5. Turkey

Turkey Citizenship for Investment
Turkey’s $2.3 trillion economy is the 19th biggest economy in the world, attracts all sorts of investment into the country.
Real Estate
$250K
Bank Deposit
$500K

Pros

  • Biggest and popular citizenship by investment program in Eurasia
  • Very popular among Arab investors
  • Best real estate investment for citizenship
  • Turkish Passport within 4-6 months
  • VAT for foreign property buyers exempted, makes the program all the way attractive.
  • Candidate country for EU already in the process of incorporating EU legislation into national law.
  • Easy application process and no restrictions on who can apply
  • Turkish nationals working legally in an EU country are also entitled same working conditions as the nationals of that country.

Cons

  • Passport is weak. No visa free access to EU schengen area, United Kingdom or Russia.
  • Visa free access to Turkish citizens available to Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, South Africa, Hong Kong.
  • Applicants must apply for residence card before becoming a citizen.
  • Property prices still high above EU countries in some areas.

6. St Kitts and Nevis

St Kitts and Nevis
Oldest and most trusted citizenship by investment program in the world
SGF Donation
$150K
  • One time payment
Real Estate
$200K
  • Hold for 7 years

Pros

  • Richest caribbean country renowned for tourism, beauty and holidays
  • Trusted citizenship by investment program since 35 years
  • Very Strong and powerful passport in the Caribbean.
  • Special visa free regime with Israel, South Korea, Ukraine, Turkey and Taiwan, Russia
  • No residence or physical visit required.
  • No oaths required
  • Simple and efficient application process.
  • Cheaper for very big families over 5 or 6 dependants
  • Low real estate investment (reduced to $200,000)
  • Fast track passport processing (AAP) available for additional payment. Decisions on citizenship taken within 45 days.
  • Pure tax haven with no personal income taxes.

Cons

  • Slightly expensive program
  • Real estate must be held for 7 years before selling.
  • No E-2 visa treaty with United States
  • Visa required to visit Canada, South Africa, UAE and Thailand

Legal text for St Kitts Citizenship by Investment Legislation

7. Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua made important changes to citizenship by investment program from April 1, 2020. As a result donation option slightly expensive by $5000 and real estate becomes cheaper by $20,000. Some country restrictions (Iraq) has been lifted and can now apply for passports.

Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship
English Harbour in the South of Antigua
Donation
$100K
  • One time
Real Estate
$200K
  • Joint investment

Pros

  • Cheapest family citizenship by investment program with big price difference, remains attractive for families acquiring second passports
  • Beautiful and fastest growing caribbean country, famous holiday destination in the Caribbean.
  • Powerful passport in the Caribbean with visa free access to Schengen, UK, Russia and over 150+ destinations.
  • Special visa waivers exist with South Africa, Qatar, Serbia
  • Citizenship is private and not reported to public.
  • Most transparent citizenship by investment program in the Caribbean
  • Popular with families from China, Bangladesh, Libya and Russia.
  • Pure tax haven, no personal income taxes

Cons

  • Antigua imposes 5 day residence condition when you renew the expired passport. This is a problem for many clients.
  • Passport validity is low issued only for 5 years
  • No right to vote or hold government offices.
  • Visa required to enter Canada, UAE, Japan, Israel, Mexico etc.
  • Name change is not allowed after acquiring citizenship.

8. Cyprus

Cyprus
Cyprus is a EU member state since May 2004 and uses Euro. Cyprus to join schengen area and likely to get US waiver in the future
Real Estate
2m
Investment
2m

Pros

  • Best citizen by investment program in the European Union
  • Fastest passport in 6 months.
  • Must buy a home for €500,000
  • Limited quota of 700 applicants annually
  • Full EU citizen rights including right to vote in European Parliament elections
  • Strong EU passport with visa free access to Canada, United Kingdom and full rights to live, work, study in 28 Member states.

Cons

  • Very expensive, only suitable to UHNW millionaires.
  • No Government bonds investment option.
  • VAT 19% is very high, you would essentiate waste money buying real estate for €2m. You have to structure investment properly to pay less VAT.
  • Investors have to pay additional €150,000 donation to research and housing development.

9. Montenegro

Montenegro Citizenship by Investment
Montenegro uses Euro, a candidate country to join EU and Schengen area by 2025
Real Estate
250K
  • Application fee $100K
Five Star Hotels
5m
  • Resort Development

Pros

  • Picturesque country visited by over 2 million tourist arrivals.
  • Montenegro opened brand new economic citizenship program in 2018.
  • Rock bottom lowest property prices in Europe.
  • Passport and permanent residence issued within 3 months.
  • E-1 and E-2 treaty with United States
  • Visa free agreements with Schengen, Russia, Turkey, Israel, South Korea etc.

Cons

  • Limited quota of only 2000 investors get citizenship until Dec 2021.
  • Weak passport with no visa waiver agreement with United Kingdom, Canada and Ireland
  • No option to invest in residential properties, currently only hotel investments allowed.
  • Application fee very high exceeding €100,000 along with other fees.

10. Malta

Malta IIP
Malta launched Individual investor program in 2014
1.Donation Fund
650K
2. Bonds/Stocks
150K

Malta offers excellent opportunity to become EU citizen by investment through IIP program. You have to make donation + stocks/bonds (1+2) both under the IIP regulations.

Malta citizenship doesnt come cheap. For example for a small family of 3 with main applicant, spouse and 1 child under 18, the costs would come down to €975,000 without agent fee. The more family members you add, it would exceed €1m plus other fees.

Pros

  • Ideal Citizenship by Investment program for HNW families
  • You will become a full EU citizen under Maltese investor program.
  • Malta citizenship program popular with Russia, Middle East investors.
  • Powerful european passport with visa free access to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, Japan, South Africa etc..
  • Excellent education system and world class healthcare standards.

Cons

  • Very expensive program not suitable for small and middle class families.
  • Not a 100% real estate investment program.
  • Refusal rates are very high (25-30%) complying to very strict vetting standards.
  • No privacy for citizenship buyers, as names are published in Gazette available for public.
  • Residence requirement imposed for 12 months. (e-residence card must becoming a citizen)
  • Takes atleast 14-16 months to get Maltese passport (very slow)
  • Property prices extremely high in Malta makes the scheme unpopular for property buyers
  • Malta has no visa waivers signed with Russia, China.

11. Bulgaria

Bulgaria investor citizenship program
Bulgaria is a member country of the EU since January 1, 2007 comprising of 1.4% of EU population. Bulgaria to join schengen area in the future.

Do you know about Bulgaria?
We have one special citizenship by investment program to tell you about. Thats Bulgaria. It low profile investment citizenship scheme is not widely promoted and least known to many investors.

Fast track citizenship
275K
  • Financing Govt Bonds
Fast Track citizenship
1m
  • Business Capital

Bulgaria, probably the cheapest citizenship by investment program in Europe, you can possibly think of

The trick here is financing Government bonds.

At 5% interest rate you only have to pay around €275,000 (includes €250K financing cost for 5 years and other €250,00 legal charges to finance €1m Government stocks/bonds.

It is still cheap considering you get EU passport and it is 4x times cheaper than Malta

Pros

  • Bulgaria offers excellent opportunity to become EU citizen by investment
  • Fast track investor citizenship scheme still running and not abolished yet.
  • Cheapest EU citizenship by investment program
  • Bulgaria has powerful EU passport with visa free travel to Canada, United Kingdom and other countries.
  • Immediate permanent residence card
  • Excellent healthcare and education benefits
  • Corporate tax haven in Europe with low taxes and cost of living.
  • One personal visit required. No requirement to permanently stay in the country.
  • Citizenship privacy CBI citizens as it is not reported to public.
  • No requirement to open bank account.
  • No country restrictions on who can apply

Cons

  • Hold permanent residence for one year before applying for citizenship
  • Bulgaria not yet in schengen area likely to join in the future.
  • Passport takes 18 months to receive.
  • Citizenship is revoked is investments not maintained for 5 years.
  • If citizenship is refused by president, cannot be appealed.

12. Moldova

Moldova Citizenship by Investment
Above Chisinau at sunset. Chisinau is the capital city of Republic of Moldova
Donation
100K
Real Estate / Bonds
250K

Moldova opened first citizenship by investment scheme (MCBI) in Oct 2018, to drive economic investments into the country. The Government expected to raise €1.3 billion euros from the citizenship by investment scheme by handing out fast track citizenship to approximately 5000 economic investors from abroad.

The scheme remains suspended currently until Sep 2020 and the fate of the scheme after that is unknown.

Moldova received 36 applications and so far only 5 investors received citizenship before the scheme was placed on moratorium.

Moldovan passport has visa waiver arrangement with the EU schengen area, Russia, Turkey, Israel, Ukraine etc.. Moldova still has NO visa free access to United Kingdom, Ireland and Canada.

13. Austria

Austria is one of the best countries in the world ranks highly for peace, freedom and highest living standards.

Austria citizenship
16th-century Alpine houses and alleyways in Halstatt, Austria

Austria does not have any official citizenship by investment program.

Article 10(6) of the Citizenship Act does specify economic investment as the criteria for discretionary naturalization in the interest of the state waiving all residence and language conditions. Few investors received Austrian citizenships for investments before 2012, after this this program disappeared into unknown.

Austria does grant exceptional citizenship for extraordinary contributions in the interest of state in the fields of arts, music, research, science, sports and medicine.

Currently the only for investors to acquire Austrian citizenship is through the residence program. Foreign Investors can apply for self employment permit with Red-white-Red card which offers temporary residence. After 10 years of living, you will get to become Austrian citizen. One problem with Austria is dual citizenship is not permitted, so you have to probably renounce previous nationality.

No doubt Austria has world class and strongest passports in the World.

14. Comoros

Comoros Citizenship
Great Mosque in Moroni, Comoros

Comoros launched Citizenship by Investment Program in 2008 based based on Article 19 of the 2001 Constitution of the Union of the Comoros making it the first citizenship by investment scheme launched in Africa. Further amendments to the citizenship by investment scheme were made in 2013.

Comoros ran the passport for sale program from 2009 to 2016 requiring foreign investors to pay just $40,000 donation per application plus additional fees

The Government officially announced from 2009 to 2016, a total of 52,000 passports were sold as part of the economic citizenship program. Most of these Comorion passports were issued to large number of stateless people in UAE and other countries.

Since May 2016 the citizenship by investment program in Comoros remains closed, after alleged abuse of the scheme.

15. Egypt

Egypt Citizenship by Investment
Egypt history dates back to thousands of years back from Pharoah’s boasts of $1.3 trillion economy
Donation
$250K
  • Treasury Donation
Real Estate
$500K
  • Fast track citizenship

In June 2019, the Egyptian parliament approved Citizenship for Investment Law aimed at attracting foreign investors to reside in Egypt. The New Law granted the Prime Minister has the power to grant Egyptian citizenship to any foreign national who buys a state-owned property or a private property to establish an investment project.

Subsequent amendments to the citizenship law reduced the investment and time for citizenship. There is a $10,000 filing fee per online application submitted to the Special citizenship by investment unit setup by the Government.

Pros

  • Brand new African citizenship by investment scheme
  • Egypt is a $1.3 trillion market connecting Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Americas.
  • Fast track Citizenship decision made within 90 days for investment
  • E-2 investor visa treaty with United States
  • Bank deposit option also available ($750K)
  • Egypt permits dual citizen status

Cons

  • Weak passport in terms of visa free travel to less than 50 countries.
  • Investment ceiling is too high for real estate and donation.
  • Scheme is not popular yet.

16. Samoa

Samoa Citizenship Investment
Samoa lies about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand, has $1.2 billion GDP with 200,000 population.
Business
$1.4m
  • SAT 4 million
Real Estate
$1.4m
  • SAT 4 million

Samoa (Western Samoa) opened a citizenship by investment scheme in 2017, under the Citizenship Investment Act and Regulations of 2016. Under the scheme foreign investors must invest $2.4 million to become a citizen.

This program did not become popular and remains unknown to many, due to several issues with the program. However the scheme is still open for investors who want to invest in energy, real estate, IT, agricultural and fisheries manufactories and communication tech fields. All applicants are subjected to due diligence.

The program is administered by Ministry of Commerce. The citizenship investment program received 5 applications from agents and investors according to the 2018 annual report.

Pros

  • Exclusive and unique citizenship by investment program.
  • Powerful second passport with visa free access.
  • Samoan passport visa free access to 130+ countries including Canada, Russia, United Kingdom and Schengen states.
  • Financially secretive tax haven
  • Entire investment can be withdrawn leaving only 15% after PR.

Cons

  • Very high investment threshold
  • 15 day residence requirement
  • Investors must prove networth of atleast $1m
  • Passport takes a very long time more than 2 years, only issued after you become permanent resident.
  • Passport valid only for 5 years with extensions.
  • 70% of the investment must be paid upfront along with the application.

17. Jordan

Jordan citizenship by investment
Jordan is a $100 billion economy with 98% Arab population out of 10 million residents crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. 
Business
750K
  • 3 years
Permanent Residency
280K
  • Real estate

Jordan approved the regulations for citizenship by investment in 2018 and the next year the program was relaunched in 2019 with reduced investment requirements. It is the first citizenship by investment program launched in Middle east remains attractive for some investors.

Pros

  • Citizenship attractive to Arab investors
  • Jordan is at strategic geographic location for trade and business
  • Bank deposit option available for $1m
  • Passport issued for 10 years
  • Visa free access to 50 countries including Malaysia, South Africa, Egypt Lebanon
  • 30 day application process
  • Dual citizenship not restricted

Cons

  • High investment thresholds compared to other programs in the market
  • Weak passport. No visa free access to Schengen/UK
  • Citizenship cannot be passed through mothers (only father)
  • Limited Quota of 500 investors per year

What You should Know about Due Diligence?

Due diligence is the heart beat of the investment immigration industry collecting $15 billion in investments through CBI and Golden visa schemes.

Governments have maintained highest standards of due diligence keeping out high risk applicants to protect the integrity of the migration schemes.

Agents first do preliminary due diligence and background checks before passing the files to Governments. Governments and CIUs do various profiling checks for sanctions, source of funds and other risk tools to identify risk. Third party due diligence reports from Thomson Reuters, Exiger, Refinitiv, S-RM are sought by Governments before a decision is made on approvals. Sometimes this takes atleast 2-3 months. Over 90% of the work involved for passport applicants lies in screening for risk. High risk applicants including Politically exposed persons (PEPs) are subjected to Enhanced due diligence (EDD)

We have compiled list of financial due diligence firms offering background checks for the citizenship by investment industry. Agents, Governments, Risk and compliance analysts and Banks can hire services from the following trusted due diligence firms.

  1. Exiger 
  2. Thomson Reuters 
  3. Sterling Diligence 
  4. BDO, USA 
  5. S-RM Intelligence and Risk Consulting 
  6. Kroll 
  7. Wealth-X 
  8. Refinitiv
  9. Corporate Resolutions Inc

Citizenship Applications are refused in the following cases

  • Failing background checks
  • Previous Criminal record
  • Visa rejections from visa waiver countries.
  • Individuals or entities subjected to sanctions.
  • Wanted persons by Interpol or other law enforcement agencies.
  • Failing to explain sources of income.
  • Applicants from a country subjected to sanctions (eg. Iran, North Korea, Sudan)

Applicants for Caribbean passport programs undergo common vetting by the Joint Regional Communication Centre (JRCC) along with Enhanced due diligence (EDD) checks. JRCC the sub agency for Caricom IMPACS (Implementation agency for crime and security).

The JRCC assists regional law enforcement personnel in the detection of persons who are traveling with stolen, lost and fraudulent travel documents, along with the identification of and monitoring the movements of persons of interest, including those who may be a high security threat to the safety and security of the Region.

The Legislation of Citizenship by Investment Act empower authorities to revoke citizenship of applicants, any time after granting citizenship, if found to be

  • Imprisoned abroad for 12 months or more
  • Bringing disrepute to the country engaging in illegal activities
  • Wanted person or subject of interest to international law enforcement

Cyprus, Malta, Saint Lucia, Antigua, St Kitts and Nevis, Malta, Bulgaria have a history of revoked passports and stripped citizenship on applicants who acquired citizenship through investments.

Malta, Cyprus and Bulgaria do not accept applicants subjected to OFAC (US), EU or UK sanctions.

MaltaSt LuciaSt KittsGrenadaDominica*Antigua*CyprusVanuatu
Afghanistan Chad Eritrea
Iran Kyrgyzstan Libya Myanmar (Burma), Nigeria, North Korea,  Somalia,  Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Venezuela, Yemen
Iran, North KoreaCuba,
Iran,
North Korea, Burma/Myanmar Sudan.
Case-by-caseIran North Korea SudanAfghanistan Iran
Iraq North Korea Somalia Yemen Sudan
EU sanctions, OFAC, UN sanctions, PEPsAfghanistan, Iran North Korea, Somalia Yemen

Note: Nationals of countries such as Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Somalia are restricted for some Caribbean citizenship by investment schemes* unless they live outside these countries for over 10 years and have no financial connections to these countries. In some cases, applications from high risk countries are considered on case-by-case basis.

All countries that run economic citizenship programs have extradition treaties with commonwealth nations (eg. Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, India) and also with other countries such as China, Russia making it easy to extradite criminals and wanted persons who abuse passport schemes.

What about Taxes with Citizenship by investment?

Taxes are an important subject with citizenship by investment . In most countries, taxation is based on residence (183 days a year) and not based on citizenship. Tax laws in most countries are extremely complex and varies for dual citizens.

Vanuatu, St Kitts and Antigua are only three countries that have NO personal income taxes on both local and foreign income. If you pursue a  passport that comes with no personal income tax, these countries are the most desirable ones. All other CBI countries in the Caribbean will exempt you from personal income taxes ONLY if you are a non-resident citizen.

Here is a quick summary of how taxes apply in CBI jurisdictions

CBICorporate TaxPersonal Income TaxWealth TaxCapital GainsInheritance or Estate TaxTax Treaties
Antigua25%0%000Caricom, UK
St Kitts33%000% (< 1yr)0CARICOM, Monaco, Switzerland, UK
Dominica25%Residents only000Caricom
St Lucia30%Residents only (upto 30%)000Caricom, Switzerland
Grenada28%Resident/Non-residents income within Grenada (15%)000Caricom,UK
Vanuatu0%Upto 17%00019 countries
Turkey22%15-35%yes22.00%1-30%94 countries
Malta35%Upto 35%012%076 countries
Cyprus12.5%Upto 35%020.00%065 countries
Bulgaria10%10-18% + SS000.4-0.8%86 countries
Moldova12%12% + SS0.80%10.00%050 countries
Montenegro9%9-12%09.00%5.00%42 countries
Egypt22.5%Upto 22.5%002.50%50 countries
Jordan20%Upto 14%00 (except company share sale or depreciable assets)032 countries

Source: Deloitte and other sources

In 2018, OECD listed 16 countries including Caribbean and European CBI/RBI schemes as non compliant jurisdictions for CRS tax sharing. If you already a CBI citizen, banks might ask you to disclose tax number from your home country.

  • Did you obtain residence rights under an CBI/RBI scheme?
  • Do you hold residence rights in any other jurisdiction(s)?
  • Have you spent more than 90 days in any other jurisdiction(s) during the previous year?
  • In which jurisdiction(s) have you filed personal income tax returns during the previous year?
CBIOECD blacklist
Antiguaͯ
Bulgariaͯ
Cyprus
Dominica
Grenada
Malta
Montenegroͯ
Moldovaͯ
Turkeyͯ
St Kitts
St Lucia
Vanuatu
Jordanͯ
Egyptͯ
Samoaͯ

Malta Government announced they will spontaneously exchange information about individuals that have obtained residence/citizenship through such schemes

Do you know?
Three countries were NOT listed in the OECD list as of today. These are Turkey, Moldova and Montenegro. This might change in the future.

Why invest in Real estate for citizenship?

Investing in real estate for passport has distinct advantages.

  1. You get permanent residence card + citizenship + passport.
  2. You get permanent home address, proving strong ties to the country.
  3. Sell the property shares later in 3-5 years, you would still be citizen.
  4. You can also invest in hotels or resorts for equity shares.

Prices for real estate to acquire passport starts from $200,000 in the Caribbean much higher in Europe.

Remember ONLY investing in Government approved developments will qualify you for citizenship.

Property prices in CBI jurisdiction
Average property prices in USD per sq.m in countries that run citizenship by investment programs – Source: Global property guide

Remember Caribbean citizenship by investment programs levy additional Government fee (upto $50K) if you want citizenship and passport for buying real estate. This does not apply for Turkey or Cyprus.

The Cheapest real estate citizenship by investment programs for small families, according to our calculations (see above) are

  1. Dominica
  2. St Kitts and Nevis
  3. Turkey
  4. Grenada
  5. Antigua

Lets say you you buy a equity share in a five star resort under construction in Dominica for $200,000 and you pay $50,000 government fee and $20,000 agent fee for your passport. All in all you pay $270,000 but after 3 years you decide to sell your share for $210,000 with a profit of $10,000. This means you only have paid $60,000 for your passport. Thats a great deal, but only if you make profit with real estate. But remember you will be at a loss when the property prices fall. Like any other investment decision, real estate market also carries risk. But it is your choice to decide!

These are some of the best five star real estate projects we recommend for buyers. Some of these projects are under development

  1. Six Senses LaSagesse Hotel / Kawana Bay, Grenada
  2. Canelles Resort / Alpina Hotel, St Lucia
  3. Kolasin Hotel / Durmitor Hotel, Montenegro
  4. Non Such bay, Antigua
  5. Park Hyatt / Marriott, St Kitts and Nevis
  6. Jungle Bay Villas / Secret Bay, Dominica

Why is Dual Citizenship important?

Dual citizenship is a subjective and debatable topic. Many highly developed asian and middle-east countries still restrict dual citizenship, while americas and europe are open to the subject of dual nationality.

These are some examples with

  • Restrictions: India, China, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, Austria etc..
  • Requires permission: Russia, South Africa, Sri Lanka
  • Partial Restrictions: Pakistan, Latvia (only with treaty countries)
Dual Citizenship Map World
Map of Dual Citizenship accepted worldwide as of 2020

Why is this important?

The reason why dual citizenship has become so important is, dual citizens are permitted to carry two or more passports while traveling. In addition, dual citizens get plethora of benefits such as pension, education, healthcare

If you are national of country where dual citizenship is prohibited, you have to watch out you dont automatically lose previous citizenship, when taking up second citizenship. You must seek legal advice!

There are laws to denaturalize or strip citizenship if you are involved in terrorism or illegal activities. Several caribbean countries already revoked citizenship of CBI citizens before. This is important because, if you already renounced your previous citizenship and the second country revokes your citizenship for any reason, you would become stateless.

Consular protection during emergency may be limited for dual citizens in some cases. For example if you are Chinese-Canadian dual citizen, you have limited consular protection at canadian embassy in china for some emergency.

Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies

If you ask if it is possible to pay citizenship by investment using bitcoin, the answer is NO and YES.

No Governments officially accept Bitcoin or any other cryptocurrencies for citizenship by investment programs. However some agents do accept Bitcoin for agent fees and some handful of property developers in Europe and Caribbean take bitcoin.

Most agents will ask you to convert the coins to fiat currency (EUR, USD) to pay for passports.

The Biggest problem with accepting crypto-currencies is identifying the source of funds and beneficial owner which is critical for Due diligence and KYC. There is a risk that this money could be laundered or finance terrorism or procured through illegal activities (hacking, malware etc)

Privacy coins because of their anonymous nature, makes it difficult to identify the wallet owners.

Another issue is Crypto cleansing, when dirty money is converted to cryptocurrency coins and then used to buy several altcoins through several crypto exchanges.

Despite many crypto friendly countries like Switzerland, Germany, Japan, Malta, Portugal have enacted blockchain and virtual currency regulations to encourage fintech startups, it gets difficult to open a bank account as virtual coins present a high-risk to banks.

Prominent early bitcoin investors Roger Ver and Calvin Ayre have connections to citizenship by investment.

Roger Ver renounced his United States citizenship in 2014 after he became a citizen of Saint Kitts and Nevis through the citizenship by investment scheme. He is the creator of Bitcoin Cash (BCH), CEO of Bitcoin.com and one of the five founders of the Bitcoin Foundation. He invested over a million dollars into new bitcoin related startups including Ripple, Blockchain.info, Bitpay and Kraken.

Calvin Ayre supporter of BitcoinSV and CEO of CoinGeek.com was appointed as an Economic Envoy for Antigua and Barbuda in 2017 to advise on developments in cryptocurrency. Ayre, revealed plans in 2018 to build a $100 million five-star resort on Antigua’s Valley Church beach mostly from bitcoin trading profits as early investor. Ayre actively promotes Citizenship by investment program for crypto investors.

How to use your dual passports for travel?

So now you have become a proud dual citizen carrying more than one passport. Now what!

The key is using the right passport!

Millions of dual citizen travel each day, using their passports for travel. It is perfectly legal. In fact you can expand your visa freedom, making use of two passports. For example one passport has visa free travel to Canada and the other passport could have visa waiver to China. This way you can travel between these two countries maximizing your passport power

Follow these cardinal rules when you use more than one passport for travel.

  1. You must enter and exit the country using the same passport
  2. If you enter a country where you are citizen, use that passport to enter and exit. For example if you are US citizen, you must use US passport to enter and exit United States.
  3. Do not disclose your second passport, where dual citizenship is prohibited. Instead show your residence card, or travel through a neutral visa free country.

This is where dual citizenship comes into play. Dual citizens carry more than one passport for exit and reentry.

We will explain two situations

Dual citizenship accepted: If your country allows dual citizenship, things get much easier, you can fly directly from country A to country B using the destination country B passport.

Dual Citizenship not permitted: Things get complicated if your country do not allow dual citizenship and you are prohibited carrying two passports. You should not disclose two passports in that case as it makes it illegal.

Use of dual passport works best, in two ways

  1. Show your origin country passport with destination country’s residence card, visa to exit from Country A flying directly to Country B (or)
  2. Travel through a neutral third country (C), eg Dubai, Istanbul, Hong Kong etc. to reach Country B from Country A

Remember airlines will only ask you to show your passport for destination country. It is their job to check whether you meet the entry requirements. You must book the ticket same passport number. The airline and immigration are two different.

Here is a very good example using dual passport to travel.

Lets say you are US/UK dual citizen, your destination is United States. Fllowing the above cardinal rules we mentioned above.

  1. You present the US passport to airline during checking
  2. You show British passport to exit United Kingdom
  3. Show US passport to US border officers (CBP) to entry
Dual passports to travel
How to use your two passports to cross borders! Showing the right passport to airline and passport control is the key!

Benefits of Commonwealth citizenship

Eight citizenship by investment (CBI) programs offer commonwealth citizenship as a supplemental citizenship. CBI citizens of these states are also Commonwealth citizens.

EuropeCaribbeanPacific
Malta, CyprusAntigua & Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St Kitts and Nevis, Saint LuciaVanuatu

Please note: Turkey, Montenegro, Moldova do not have commonwealth membership. Egypt and Jordan may join in the future

One important benefit Commonwealth citizens get is they may receive consular assistance from British embassies and consulates in foreign non-Commonwealth nations where their home countries have not established diplomatic or consular posts. 

Many Commonwealth countries do not treat citizens from other member states as foreign nationals. The rights that Commonwealth citizens are entitled to differ depending on country. They are eligible to apply for British emergency passports, if their travel documents have been lost or stolen and permission has been given by their national governments. In some member states, they may also be issued non-passport travel documents when they are unable to present their national passports

When residing in the United Kingdom, Commonwealth citizens are generally exempt from registering with local police,may be employed in non-reserved Civil Service posts, and are eligible to enlist in the British Armed Forces.

Commonwealth Citizen
The Commonwealth of Nations has 53 members,of which 31 are small states covering roughly 1.5 million citizens. Nearly all of them are former British colonies or dependencies of those colonies.

Most commonwealth states (except a few) have visa free access to United Kingdom for business, tourism or visiting family.

Commonwealth citizenship status is automatically lost if the citizenship is lost from the member state.

Embassies and Consulates

CBI citizens can seek consulate or embassy help through diplomatic missions abroad. These missions will provide you services such as

  • Passport renewals or loss of passport
  • Urgent services such as emergency certificate for travel
  • Investment and trade
  • Notarization and Power of Attorney
  • Citizenship by investment services

We have compiled list of embassies and consulates of countries of all the countries running citizenship by investment programs.

What you should know about Agents?

Governments that run citizenship by investment schemes issue licenses to two types of agents

  1. International Marketing Agents
  2. Authorized agents

Marketing agents are responsible for marketing or promotion of the passport schemes following the Government rules. They should also have an agreement with authorized agents.

Authorized agents are responsible for filing applications on behalf of client with Citizenship by Investment Units (CIUs). Authorized agents must be resident and citizen of the country. It is also possible sub-agents work with authorized agents on commission basis.

How many licensed agents are there in the citizenship by investment industry?

At the time of this writing we estimate, more than 1000 agents serving the citizenship investment industry. No official data available for Turkey, Bulgaria and few other countries.

CBIAgents
Malta130
Cyprus611
Montenegro3
Antigua33
Dominica50
St Kitts63
St Lucia16
Grenada20
Vanuatu32
Moldova9
TurkeyNA
BulgariaNA
Samoa2

Source: Figures from Citizenship by Investment Units (CIU)

Please note Bulgaria, Turkey, Samoa have not published official list of authorised agents for citizenship by investment

Governments pay $10,000-$15,000 commissions for each case approval for Caribbean programs, depending on volume of cases are filed and how big is the family. Agents also charge professional fee ranking $15,000 to $20,000 depending on single person or the size of the family.

As with Malta, Cyprus the agent fee floats around €50,000 to €60,000 euros.

How to prepare the documents?

Documentation part is very important and time consuming and you should be prepared very well before applying for CBI programs, and your agent will help you to arrange these documents from their side.

All in all we ask you to prepare well one month in advance because any missing documentation will lead to approval delays from Citizenship Investment Units (CIU)

Documents that are issued by within EU states are automatically recognized within European Union and no special certifications needed, makes it easy and simple. For example if a document issued in Germany, it is automatically accepted by Malta or Cyprus.

For other countries you should think about APOSTILLE seal or Super-legalisation. The common problem is one document issued in one country may not be accepted by other.

To solve this problem, documents that carry apostille seal issued by parties to Hague convention, automatically accepted by other member parties. Currently there are 118 countries that are parties to Hague agreement. For example, these countries issue apostilled documents between each other.

  • India
  • China
  • United States
  • Vanuatu / St Kitts / St Lucia / Grenada / Dominica
  • Russia
  • Turkey

An Apostille is a certificate that authenticates the origin of a public document (e.g., a birth, marriage or death certificate, a judgment, an extract of a register or a notarial attestation).

Apostille replaces slow process of legislation which requires chain of individual authentications of a public document. This process involves officials of the country where the document was issued as well as the foreign Embassy or Consulate of the country where the document is to be used.

These are the important documents needed for CBI programs in advance.

  • Passport, visa copies with travel history*
  • Identity cards, driving license
  • Birth certificates *
  • Marriage/Divorce certificate*
  • Education certificates*
  • Police certificate* (must be less than 3 months valid)
  • Health certificate* (must be less than 3 months valid)
  • Bank references and statements for one year.
  • Source of Income, background and business experience

*Apostille may be required. You can find here where to get apostille in your country.

You have to prepare these documents in advance and digital copies are accepted by agents.

Citizenship by Investment Units (CIU)

The Governments, in accordance to the citizenship by investment regulations have established CIU’s as a separate agency to oversee smooth operations and and functioning of CBI programs.

The role of CIUs’ include

  1. Application acceptance approvals
  2. Policy changes and regulations to strengthen the schemes
  3. Approval of real estate projects
  4. Handle due diligence operations of the subjects
  5. Agent and marketing agent approvals
  6. Rules for Marketing and promotion of schemes.
  7. Recommend approved investors for citizenship to the minister
  8. Notify Passport office to issue passport for approved investors.
  9. Organize events and conferences
  10. Provide training and consultation for agents
  11. Publishing reports and statistics pursuant to the CBI

Dominica CBIU

Dominica CBIU
Dominica Citizenship by Investment Unit – www.cbiu.gov.dm

The Citizenship by Investment Unit (CBIU) of the Commonwealth of Dominica the Government authority within the Ministry of Finance that deals with all matters regarding citizenship by investment program.

.The CBI Unit will be dedicated to the effective management and processing of the applications that are received by the Government.

CIU St Kitts and Nevis

CIU St Kitts and Nevis
ciu.gov.kn

The Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU) of St Kitts and Nevis was established in 1984 is responsible for processing of all applications and overseeing all matters concerning Citizenship by Investment in the Federation

CIU Antigua and Barbuda

CIU Antigua
CIU Antigua – cip.gov.ag

The Antigua Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU) was established by the Honourable Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda pursuant to the 2G of the Citizenship Investment Act and is the sole Government authority responsible for processing all applications for Agent’s Licenses, and all applications for Citizenship by Investment by applicants and their family.

Grenada CBI Committee

Grenada CBIC
Grenada CBI Unit – cbi.gov.gd

The Grenada Citizenship by Investment Committee (CBIC) is the Government body responsible for overseeing the processing of applications for citizenship by investment or by permanent residence. The CBIC assesses each application in accordance with the Grenada Citizenship by Investment Act, 2013. It then makes recommendations to the Minister, who has the final say on whether to approve, deny, or delay the granting of Grenadian citizenship.

The CBIC comprises of seven persons, all of whom answer to the Minister. One of these individuals leads the CBIC as committee chairman. This diverse group of professionals possesses a wealth of experience in areas such as law, finance, trade, and administration – allowing the CBIC to make informed decisions on citizenship matters.

CIP Saint Lucia

CIP Saint Lucia Board
Saint Lucia CIP Unit – cipsaintlucia.com

The Saint Lucia Citizenship by Investment (CIP) Unit established in 2015 is an official body responsible for the management of the CBI program, licensing agents and publishing annual reports to the Government.

The CIP Unit is responsible for receiving and processing applications for citizenship by investment and the CIP Board is responsible for granting or denying applications for citizenship by investment. The CIP Unit does not issue passports as such, but notifies Immigration Department of the Royal Saint Lucia Police Force for issue of passports to CBI citizens.

Citizenship by Investment Programs Association (CIPA)

CIPA
CIPA was formed in 2015 to forge closer cooperation with CIUs

The Citizenship by Investment Programmes Association (CIPA) was established by the five Caribbean nations in 2015  to forge closer cooperation and coordination among CIU’s.

The CIPA association is a regional body made up of the heads of the Caribbean’s five citizenship by investment units.

  • St. Kitts and Nevis,
  • Antigua and Barbuda,
  • Grenada,
  • St. Lucia and
  • Commonwealth of Dominica.

The Association has a mandate is to determine best practices in the area of citizenship by investment and to help implement them across all participating Caribbean jurisdictions.

CIPA aims to standardise due diligence processes, and to create a strong regulatory framework including sharing of information to ensure the industry’s integrity and competitiveness.

A new chairman is appointed for one year revolving term

Vanuatu Citizenship Office

Vanuatu Citizenship Office and Commission
Vanuatu Citizenship Office and Commission – vancitizenship.gov.vu

The Vanuatu Citizenship Office and Commission (COC) is a statutory entity established by the Vanuatu Citizenship Act [Cap 112] administers two citizenship by investment programs (DSP and VCP). The agency plays a vital role in

  • To enhance the efficiency of Citizenship Office in processing of applications
  • Strict compliance of due diligence checking with all applicants
  • Smooth line the procedures in issuing of citizenship certificates
  • Better coordination with other governmental departments
  • Protecting the integrity of Vanuatu Citizenship
  • Appointing agents

The Unit is empowered with legal powers to consider and approve or differ or reject applications for Vanuatu citizenship, and revoke a citizenship if it was not granted according to the provisions of the Citizenship Act [Cap 112]

Malta IIP Agency

IIP Agency
Malta IIP Agency – iip.gov.mt

The Individual Investor Program Agency (IIPA) was established in 2018 to administer the operations of Malta’s citizenship by investment programme. 

The Malta Individual Investor Programme Agency (MIIPA) is responsible for the processing of applications, the carrying out of an in-depth due diligence process and putting forward recommendations to the Government regarding the granting of citizenship. The Agency also plays a key role in transparency, good governance and maintaining integrity of the scheme.

To enhance operational procedures, the Maltese Government in April 2018 made the amendments made to the Public Administration Act (Ch. 497), split the functions of Identity Malta into three separate agencies

  1. Identity Malta (immigration office)
  2. Malta Residence & Visa Agency (MRVA) oversees Malta Residency Visa (Golden visa) scheme
  3. Malta Individual Investor Programme Agency (MIIPA)

The IIP Regulator (ORiip) reviews all aspects of the IIP and annually reports on his functions to the Minister. Article 25A of the Maltese Citizenship Act requires the Office of the Regulator of the IIP (ORiiP) to investigate complaints about the IIP.

Cyprus

Cyprus Naturalization scheme by exception known as Investment scheme

Cyprus does not have dedicated citizenship by investment unit but applications submitted by authorized firms or agents are processed by the Ministry of Interior. Within the Ministry of Interior, the competent people are the Director of the Civil Registry and Migration Department (for residence permits) and the Director General of the Ministry of Interior.

The Cyprus Government Council of Ministers has established a Special Committee of Supervision and Control for the Cyprus Investment Programme in 2018, consists of representatives from the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Interior and Invest Cyprus and was established on the basis of a Council of Ministers Decision.

The Cyprus Investment Promotion Agency founded in 2007 is the national investment promotion agency of Cyprus with the mandate to enhance the nation’s investment appeal abroad

The Ministry of Finance is also responsible for conducting a study and assessing the application of the Cyprus Investment Programme and its effects on the economy and providing information to the Council of Ministers, under the provisions of the Council of Minister’s Decision dated 21 May 2018.

The Registrar of a Cypriot court or a consular officer of the Republic of Cyprus is the competent authority for the Oath of Allegiance to the Cypriot Republic.

Bulgaria

Bulgaria Citizenship Unit

Bulgaria does not have a dedicated citizenship by investment unit, but decisions related to citizenship by investment is taken by Ministry of Justice, Invest Bulgaria Agency and specifically Migration directorate

The important decision-making authorities are:

  • The Migration Directorate (a structure within the Ministry of Interior) is responsible for processing the applications for permanent residence permits.
  • The Minister of Justice supported by Bulgarian Citizenship Commission and Bulgarian Citizenship Directorate is in charge of making a proposal to the President of the Republic of Bulgaria to issue a decree on the acquisition of Bulgarian citizenship. The Minister of Justice makes the proposal based on the opinion of the Council for Citizenship, which includes representatives from various government institutions.
  • The President of the Republic of Bulgaria issues a decree or refuses to issue a decree for acquisition of Bulgarian citizenship. If the President refuses to grant Bulgarian citizenship, the refusal is final and cannot be appealed.

Invest Bulgaria Agency issues certificates under Investments Promotion Act, This agency is an executive agency to the Bulgarian Minister of Economy. The Invest Bulgaria Agency supports the Bulgarian Minister of Economy in the application of the state policy in the field of encouragement of foreign investments.

The State Agency for National Security (SANS) provides its opinion on the applications on the basis the checks (security checks and checks on the origin of the funds) under both investors’ schemes.

The Bulgarian Citizenship Directorate checks whether the application for acquisition of Bulgarian citizenship and the documents attached thereto are in accordance with the applicable law. In case of irregularities, the Bulgarian Citizenship Directorate and the Bulgarian Citizenship Commission have the authority to request that the facts and circumstances are clarified and the established irregularities are corrected.

Turkey

Turkey citizenship office
Turkey Citizenship Offices

Turkey does not have a dedicated citizenship by investment unit but several public offices work together to grant citizenship for investments.

  1. T​he Investment Office of the Presidency of the Republic of Turkey (Invest Turkey) has setup special joint citizenship by investment offices in Ankara and Istanbul to over smooth operations of the CBI program. ​Directly reporting to the President of Turkey, the Investment Office is in charge of encouraging investments that further enhance the economic development of Turkey. 
  2. General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadaster of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization issues the certificate of eligibility
  3. Provincial Directorate of Immigration Administration issues residence permit for investors
  4. Apply for Citizenship at the Provincial Directorate of Census and Citizenship Affairs and forwards to NVIGM
  5. General Directorate of Population and Citizenship Affairs (NVIGM) checks applicants file for security checks and recommends to to the Minister of Interior
  6. The Minister sends approved applications to Office of the President of Turkey.

Montenegro

Montenegro CBI unit
Montenegro Citizenship by Investment Unit

The Government of Montenegro has appointed Secretariat for Development Projects (srp.gov.me) responsible for administering and overseeing special citizenship by investment program. This agency performs the functions of citizenship by investment unit (CIU) in Montenegro, responsible for selection of applications, issuing licenses agents and due diligence service providers.

The Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism will be responsible for selection of approved real estate tourism projects for the purpose of citizenship investment program.

The Ministry of Economy will be responsible for selecting development projects in the field of manufacturing for the purpose of investor citizenship program.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural development will be responsible for selection of agriculture and wood processing projects for the purpose of citizenship program

FAQ

Which is better? A passport or residency?

Passports literally has become much cheaper and faster than investor residence schemes. It saves you money and lot of hassles on the long run

Are Citizenship by investment programs still running due to Coronavirus situation?

All the Citizenship by investment (CBI) program running normally without any disruptions due to coronavirus (covid-19) situation. All applications filed by agents can be submitted online. Golden visa programs have been temporarily suspended due to closure of immigration offices.

Which is the best citizenship by investment program?

In our opinion, considering the costs, processing times and other passport benefits, these are the best programs we can suggest to clients

1. Grenada
2. Vanuatu
3. St Kitts and Nevis
4. Turkey
5. Cyprus

Which is the easiest and fastest citizenship by investment?

We have only one answer. That is Vanuatu. Period.

What do you think is the cheapest citizenship by investment program?

According to our calculations, pricewise, these are the cheapest passport programs depending on whether you apply as single person or family

  1. Dominica / St Lucia – one person only
  2. Antigua – Families
What do you suggest for the best real estate passport program?

We consider these real estate citizenship by investment programs as the best

  1. Grenada
  2. St Kitts and Nevis
  3. Turkey
  4. Cyprus
  5. Montenegro
Will Coronavirus have an impact on passport market?

The Corona virus situation is an unprecedented crisis in in travel and tourism indutry, likely to have a slight impact on the citizenship by investment (CBI) and Golden visa (GV) industry, causing a slow down in real estate investment from China market. The Governments in a bid to attract more investors may further simplify citizenship program, may be also cut prices. Nobody knows, what will happen, we have to wait and watch.

Will citizenship by investment expand to more countries in the future?

Yes, CBI industry is a promising industry and more countries are expected to join the wagon. These countries could likely open a citizenship by investment program in the future

  1. Solomon Islands
  2. Albania
  3. Croatia
  4. Greece
  5. Russia
  6. Serbia
Do citizenship by investment schemes have quota limits?

Yes, five citizenship by investment scheme have limited quotas for applications, explained below.

  • Malta – 1800 IIP applications  (extension likely in 2020)
  • Montenegro – 2000 applications (total)
  • Cyprus – 700 applications (per year)
  • Moldova – 5000 applications (total)
  • Bulgaria – no limits
  • Turkey – no limits
  • Vanuatu – 600 applications (yearly)
  • Dominica, Grenada, Antigua, St Kitts,  St Lucia – no limits
How can i apply for citizenship by investment?
  1. Pay initial retainer deposit.
  2. The Authorized agent will help you with all the KYC forms and documentation and will file the application to Government.
  3. Upon passing all due diligence and background checks, the Citizenship By Investment Unit (CIU) will issue approval letter within 90 days.
  4. Pay the full donation amount to Government bank account (if you are rejected, you dont need to pay)
  5. Take the Oath
  6. Collect your passport from your agent or at embassy
Can i appeal if citizenship by investment application is refused?

Yes, depending on the program, it is possible to appeal the CIU decision.

What citizenship by investment options i have for E-2 visa?

E-2 visa is a non-immigrant investment visa issued by United States. In recent years, E-2 visas became more popular than EB-5, because this visa is cheaper, faster and only low investment required ($100,000 minimum but atleast $200,000 recommended ). You must also create 5 jobs.

As of 2020, EB-5 requires $900,000 investment and creation of 10 jobs. Many consider EB5 way too expensive and significant waiting times (atleast years).

If you come from any of these non-E2 countries below, you cannot apply directly, instead you have to make use of CBI schemes. Once you become a CBI citizen, you can file for E-2 visa at any US consulate, where you are resident or citizen of. E-2 visas are issued for maximum of 2 years with extensions,

AfghanistanGreeceMozambique
AlgeriaGuatemalaMyanmar
AndorraGuineaNamibia
AngolaGuinea-BissauNauru
Antigua & BarbudaGuyanaNepal
BahamasHaitiNicaragua
BarbadosHong Kong SARNiger
BelarusHungaryNigeria
BelizeIcelandPalestine
BeninIndiaPalau
BhutanIndonesiaPapua New Guinea
BotswanaIran*Peru
BrazilIraqPortugal
BruneiIvory CoastQatar
Burkina FasoKazakhstanRussian Federation
BurundiKenyaRwanda
CambodiaKiribatiSt Kitts & Nevis
Cape VerdeNorth Korea*Saint Lucia
Central African RepKuwaitSaint Vincent & the Grenadines
ChadLaosSamoa
ChinaLebanonSan Marino
ComorosLesothoSao Tome & Principe
CroatiaLibyaSaudi Arabia
CubaLiechtensteinSeychelles
CyprusMadagascarSierra Leone
DjiboutiMalawiSolomon Islands
DominicaMalaysiaSomalia
Dominican RepublicMaldivesSouth Africa
El SalvadorMaliSouth Sudan
Equatorial GuineaMacau SARSudan
EritreaMaltaSuriname
EswatiniMarshall IslandsSyria*
FijiMauritaniaTajikistan
GabonMauritiusTanzania
GambiaMicronesiaTimor-Leste (East Timor)
GhanaMonacoTonga

* Cannot apply due to Trump travel ban on non immigrant visas

As far as we know, Grenada CBI offers the cheapest E-2 visa route. All other CBI options are quite expensive. Grenada passport will cost you about $170,000 plus on top of that if you pursue E-2 option, be prepared to invest atleast $200,000 in US businesses to have your strong chance for approval.

Remember only 7 citizenship by investment programs will offer you E-2 visa option.

  • Montenegro
  • Turkey
  • Bulgaria
  • Grenada
  • Moldova
  • Egypt
  • Jordan
What are the benefits of CARICOM passport?

The Caricom passport issued by 15 member states of Caribbean Community (CARICOM) for their citizens. All citizen enjoy free movement within the OECS area with just ID card or drivers license. All five CBI countries issue CARICOM passports.

Which are the future EU candidate countries?

There are five EU candidate countries. These are countries that are already in the process of incorporating EU legislation into national law.

  • Turkey
  • Montenegro
  • Macedonia
  • Serbia
  • Albania

Note: EU (European Union) is not the same as Europe. There are 27 countries in EU, whereas there are 44 countries in Europe

Which countries are not in Schengen area?

Bulgaria, Cyprus, Montenegro, Moldova are not in Schengen area. Bulgaria, Cyprus will join the Schengen area in the future.

Note: EU citizens (Bulgaria, Cyprus) have free movement in Schengen area.

What is the difference between nationality and citizenship?

A nationality is something you are born with (ethnic) cannot be taken away from you, while citizenship exists only in paper.

You would address nationality as American, Indian etc.., while you address your citizenship as US citizen, Chinese citizen. Its that simple.

There are 223 nationalities in the world, and since there 195 countries, there exists 195 citizenships. Some countries do not allow you to become a citizen, unless you are born with (eg. North Korea)

What is the basis citizenship by investment?

Citizenship by investment are expedited naturalization programs – a legal process acquire an additional or alternative citizenship by making an economic contribution to the state.  

How do small countries benefit from the proceeds of citizenship by investment?

The Surplus revenues generated from citizenship by investment programs are used by small countries in housing, social welfare, public works, pensions, building schools and hospitals, disaster slush fund and funding real estate developments (hotels/resorts) to meet tourism sector.

Dominica, St Kitts and Nevis, Cyprus over the years have significantly benefited from citizenship by investment.

Why do i need to establish genuine link after becoming citizen?

As a responsible CBI citizen, you are also required to strengthen the ties with the country that offered you citizenship, this way your citizenship is secure and hard to revoke.

You can create genuine link in the following ways: Paying taxes and social security, buying a real estate or permanent home, charity donations and helping non-profit efforts, frequent trips or long periods of living, learning local language, culture and integration to local population etc..

What is a Golden visa?

A golden visa is an instant permanent residency equivalent to green card issued to foreigners buying real estate or employment creation. Investors given permanent residence status have the right to live in the country indefinitely with equal rights in employment, healthcare and social benefits.

Portugal first coined the word ‘Golden visa’ when it launched ARI scheme in 2012.

What are the benefits of alternative citizenship?

An alternative citizenship is attractive for financial planning to HNW individuals and families. It offers more privacy and economic security across banking and investment portfolios.

Investors, expats and pensioners enjoy tax breaks and the possibility of improved personal and corporate tax exposure

Do citizens have compulsory military service?

CBI citizens are exempted from military service.

In general, Cyprus, Turkey require military service from its citizens. For Malta, Montenegro and Bulgaria it is voluntary. Please note if you serve in military, you will automatically lose your nationality in some countries.

Which citizenship by investment programs require taking Oath of allegiance?

St Kitts is the only country that does not require Oath of allegiance. All other citizenship programs require taking oaths (takes 30 months). In most cases there is a fee for oath sessions taken at consulate or embassy.

A new change, Vanuatu now permits taking oaths by video conferencing due to coronavirus outbreak

Do citizenship by investment programs permit name change?

Name change is permitted by three programs Dominica, Grenada, St Kitts, if deed poll is submitted from country of birth along with citizenship application. A deed poll is a legal document that proves a change of name.

Vanuatu allows after receiving citizenship through affidavit. All other countries do not permit name change. Please note there is additional costs for this service.

When EU schengen states are imposing electronic travel authorization for passport holders?

Starting early 2021, to visit EU schengen states you will need to register ETIAS authorisation online. It is a very simple process and you dont need to worry about it much, pay a 7 euro fee and carry the print with your passport. It is required to all visa waiver countries EU has agreements currently. CBI citizens who hold passports from these countries will need this electronic travel authorization

  1. Antigua and Barbuda
  2. Dominica
  3. Grenada
  4. St Kitts and Nevis
  5. Saint Lucia
  6. Montenegro
  7. Moldova

EU passports and visa/residence permit holders from schengen states are exempted.

Do citizenship by investment units share applicant information?

Yes details on refused applicants are shared between countries, through official channels.

Abbreviations

Frequently used short terms in the guide.

  • CBI – Citizenship By Investment
  • CIP – Citizenship by Investment Program
  • RBI – Residence by Investment (RBI)
  • ECP – Economic Citizenship Program (ECP)
  • CBI/RBI – Citizenship by investment (CBI) and Residence by Investment (RBI)
  • CRBI – Citizenship and Residence by Investment
  • MCBI – Moldova Citizenship By Investment
  • DCBIP – Dominica Citizenship By Investment Program
  • IIP – Immigrant Investor Program
  • MIIP – Malta Individual Investor Program
  • CIP – Cyprus Investment Program
  • TCBI – Turkey Citizenship by Investment
  • CIU – Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU)
  • CBIU – Citizenship By Investment Unit
  • CBIC – Citizenship By Investment Committee (CBIC)

Disclaimer: Please note visa waivers and conditions change from time to time due to COVID-19 and other global issues. Please check the visa requirements from nearest embassy before your trip. The above information is for general knowledge only and may not be accurate.